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CHARTS FOR LEARNING THE DAILY DAF
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Avodah Zarah Chart #6
Avodah Zarah Daf 55b-56a
WHEN MAY A JEW PICK GRAPES AND PRESS GRAPES WITH A NOCHRI,
OR WITH A JEW WHO DOES SO WHILE IN A STATE OF TUM'AH?
WITH A NOCHRI
WITH A JEW WHO DOES SO WHILE IN A STATE OF TUM'AH
(1) The reason is because it is forbidden to cause fruits of Eretz Yisrael
to become Tamei (and by putting the grapes into the Tamei wine-press and
crushing them there, they become Tamei).
(2) The Mishnah Acharonah maintains that it is permitted to cause fruits of
Eretz Yisrael to become Tamei, when those fruits belong to a Nochri (and
therefore are not fruits of Tevel which need to have Terumah separated from
(3) The reason is because it is forbidden to cause fruits of Tevel (which
need to have Terumah separated) to become Tamei, since one thereby causes
the Terumah to become Tamei when it is separated.
(4) This is permitted because the fruits have already become Tamei, and the
Jew is not adding any Tum'ah by helping the Nochri. The Jew is not
considered to be aiding one who is transgressing a prohibition, since the
Nochri is not prohibited from making the fruits Tamei.
(5) The reason is because it is forbidden to aid one who is transgressing a
prohibition. Therefore, it is forbidden to help this Jew who crushes his
grapes -- that are Tevel containing Terumah -- in a wine-press that is
Tamei, causing the grapes to become Tamei.
(6) The reason is, as Rav Huna states, because once the Nochri's wine has
begun to flow into the pit it becomes Yayin Nesech, and it is forbidden for
the Jew to derive benefit from his work with Yayin Nesech. (If, however, the
hands of the Nochri are tied up such that he cannot touch the wine with
them, then it is permitted to crush the grapes together with him, since wine
can only be made into Yayin Nesech by the Nochri touching it with his hands,
but not with his feet, as the Gemara says on 56b.)
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