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1) [line 5] YAYIN MISHE'YEKAFEH - [the obligation to separate Ma'aseros from] wine
[begins] from the time that it is skimmed (i.e. the layer of scum that floats to the
top is removed) (KOVE'A L'MA'ASER)
1. Pickling the fruit(c) In the case of wine, Rebbi Akiva and the Rabanan argue at what point the wine becomes Hukba l'Ma'aser (Ma'asros 1:7), as our Gemara mentions.
2a) [line 9] KOLET MIN HA'GAS HA'ELYONAH - he may scoop [wine] from the upper part of
the wine-press, the vat in which the grapes are placed, which has not yet flowed into
the lower part of the wine-press, the pit which collects the juice.
3) [line 11] VEHA'TANI RAV ZEVID BI'DEVEI REBBI OSHAYA - but Rav Zevid learned a different version of the Beraisa of Rebbi Oshaya
4) [line 13] MISHE'YISHLEH B'CHAVIYOS - from the time that he draws out the wine [from the pit] into barrels (see above, entry #1)
5) [line 13] TARTZAH NAMI L'HACH KAMAISA HACHI - explain the first Beraisa in this manner as well
6) [line 3] SHE'LO HECHZIR GARGUSNI LA'GAS - he did not return the Gargusni to the winepress. A Gargusni is a large basket used in winemaking that is suspended above the collection pit, that strains the juice that flows from the winepress.
7) [line 5] BA'NITZOK - with the column of liquid that is flowing poured [from the Gargusni into the pit]
8) [line 5] NITZOK CHIBUR - the column of flowing liquid creates a connection (thus connecting the wine in the pit to the wine in the Gargusni, causing the wine in the Gargusni to become prohibited). Whether or not such a flow of liquid creates a Halachic connection is the subject of a dispute later (72b).
9a) [line 6] SHE'PACHASTO TZELOCHISO - his jugged slapped it (RASHI). The Gemara
later (72b) discusses a case in which a Jew was pouring wine from his funnel into the
jug of a Nochri, and the jug became so full that the wine "slapped" the funnel,
leaving some of the Nochri's wine in the Jew's utensil.
10) [line 7] YENUKA - a child
13) [line 13] NEHARDE'A - a town in Babylon, seat of the Yeshiva founded by Shmuel