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1) [line 1] PAS TZONENES - cold bread
5) [line 16] TZIPORI - a city in the lower Galilee, approximately midway between Tiberias and Haifa. It was the center of Jewish activity after the destruction of the second Beis ha'Mikdash, and it was the seat of the Sanhedrin when the Sanhedrin moved from Beis She'arim, before it moved to Tiberias (where it was disbanded). It became the center of Jewish activity when Rebbi's health needs required that he move there, where the air was fresh (see Kesuvos 103b, Rosh Hashanah 31b).
6) [line 16] KOR'IN OSAM SHACHALAYIM - and this dish [of beans seasoned with vinegar] is called "cress" (since cress is often seasoned with vinegar)
7) [line 19] KOL SHE'EIN CHASEIRAH KELUM - any dish that is lacking nothing (i.e. it is spiced to the required amount). According to this version of Reish Lakish's statement, if the mixture is spoiled but would have tasted good had they added salt, then "Nosen Ta'am li'Fegam" does not apply and the mixture is prohibited.
8) [line 20] V'EINAH NE'ECHELES MIPNEI ZEH - and it gets a bad taste (lit. it is not eaten) solely because of this [prohibited food item that fell into it]
9) [line 24] HASHTA MIHA HA PAGMAH - now, however, it is spoiled. According to this version of Reish Lakish's statement, Reish Lakish rules that as long as the mixture is now spoiled, "Nosen Ta'am li'Fegam" applies and the mixture is permitted (even though it could be improved by merely adding salt or spices).
10) [line 25] KOL SHE'TA'AMO U'MAMASHO, ASUR - any mixture containing the taste and the physical consistency [of the forbidden item,] is forbidden.
11) [line 25] V'LOKIN ALAV - and we administer Malkus for it (see Insights)
12) [last line] V'ZEHU K'ZAYIS BI'CHDEI ACHILAS PERAS - and this is [the
meaning of the the law of] the amount of "k'Zayis bi'Chdei Achilas Peras"
(K'ZAYIS BI'CHDEI ACHILAS PERAS)
13) [line 1] TA'AMO V'LO MAMASHO - its taste but not its physical consistency. Rebbi Yochanan continues and says that if the prohibited item retains its taste but does not retain its original consistency, then it is forbidden to be eaten, but eating it is not punishable with Malkus.
14) [line 2] RIBAH TA'AM LI'FEGAM MUTAR - if the prohibited food increased the spoiled taste of the mixture, then it is permitted
15) [line 4] V'HILCHESA K'LISHNA BASRA D'REISH LAKISH - the Halachah follows the second (lit. last) version of Reish Lakish's statement (see above, entry #9)
16) [line 7] LECHAYEI! - Very well! (Excellent suggestion!)
18) [line 16] KEDEIRAH BAS YOMA - a pot in which food was cooked within the past day (24 hours)
19) [line 17] PURTA - a little bit
20) [line 17] "LO SOCHLU CHOL NEVEILAH. LA'GER ASHER BI'SHARECHA [TITENENAH VA'ACHALAH, O MACHOR L'NOCHRI...]" - "You shall not eat anything that dies by itself. You shall give it to the stranger who is in your gates, [that he may eat it, or you may sell it to a Nochri...]" (Devarim 14:21) - The Beraisa derives from this verse that whatever is fit for the consumption of the Nochri is called Neveilah, while whatever is not fit for his consumption (that is, he would not eat such a thing) is not called Neveilah. We see from here that once an object of Neveilah has become rotten, it is no longer included in the prohibition of Neveilah.