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Avodah Zarah, 30
1) HALACHAH: DRINKING "YAYIN MEVUSHAL" THAT WAS OWNED OR TOUCHED BY A NOCHRI
OPINIONS: The Mishnah earlier (29b) states that it is forbidden for a Jew to drink wine of an idolater. This is because the idolater's wine was likely used for serving his Avodah Zarah ("Yayin Nesech"). The Gemara later (36b) states that even wine that is not known to have been poured for Avodah Zarah is also forbidden ("Stam Yayin"). The Gemara here teaches that these prohibitions do not apply to wine that has been cooked ("Yayin Mevushal"). Why do these prohibitions not apply to Yayin Mevushal?(a) The simple reason why Yayin Mevushal that belonged (or was touched) by a Nochri is permitted is because such wine is never used for Avodah Zarah. Since the reason why the wine of a Nochri is forbidden is because it might have been poured on an altar of Avodah Zarah, Yayin Mevushal is permitted because it is not fit to be used for Avodah Zarah (according to the laws of the idolaters), and thus the Chachamim did not prohibit it (LEVUSH Yoreh De'ah 123:3).
30b2) EATING FIGS AT NIGHT
QUESTION: The Mishnah in Terumos (8:6) states that if one finds a type of fruit which is juicy and sees that it is split, he must suspect that a Sheretz may have inserted poison into the fruit and refrain from eating it. Our Gemara says that if a fig, which contains a hole in the place of the stem, is left out unwatched, one does *not* need to suspect that the hole may have been an entranceway for the poison of a Sheretz, and he may eat the fruit. The Gemara states that this in accordance with the view of Rebbi Eliezer who says that a person is allowed to eat grapes and figs at night and he does not need to worry about the element of danger inherent in this action. Rebbi Eliezer derives this from the verse, "Shomer Pesa'im Hashem" -- "Hashem protects fools" (Tehilim 116:6). This principle of Hashem's protection of fools is mentioned in other places as well (see Kesuvos 39a, Nidah 31a). The KOVETZ SHI'URIM (Kesuvos #136) asks what does this statement of Rebbi Eliezer mean? We know that we are required to go to great extents to prevent danger to someone's life, even to desecrate Shabbos if doing so will protect a person's life. How, then, can we be careless and take the risk of eating a fig at night, assuming that Hashem will protect us from danger?Next daf