POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 55
AVODAH ZARAH 55 (5 Iyar 5763) - Dedicated by Marsha and Lee Weinblatt of
Teaneck, New Jersey. May they see much Nachas from all of their children and
grandchildren, and may we soon merit to see the return of Hashem to Zion!
1) WHY HASH-M LEAVES IDOLATRY IN THE WORLD (cont.)
(a) Question (Agripas, a Nochri general): Your Torah says "Ki
Hash-m Elokecha Esh Ochlah" - a Chacham only envies
another Chacham, a Gibor (powerful one) only envies
2) WHAT IS CONSIDERED WINE?
(b) Answer (R. Gamliel): A parable - Yakov was married to
Leah, he then married Rachel;
1. If Rachel is more distinguished than Leah, Leah does
not resent him for this;
(c) Question (Zunin (a Yisrael)): We both know that idolatry
is empty - but we see people with disjointed bones go to
the house of idolatry, and when they leave, their bones
are properly connected!
2. If Rachel is less distinguished than Leah, Leah
resents him for this.
(d) Answer (R. Akiva): A parable - Levi was trustworthy,
everyone would deposit by him without witnesses. Once,
Yehudah deposited by him with witnesses; another time,
Yehudah deposit by him without witnesses.
1. Levi's wife: Let us deny the deposit!
(e) Rava bar Rav Yitzchak: There is a house of idolatry in
our area, when the world needs rain, the idolatry appears
to them in a dream, and says 'Slaughter a person for me'
- after they do so, rain comes!
2. Levi: Because he did improperly (not to trust me),
should we ruin our trustworthiness?!
3. Similarly - when afflictions are sent on a person,
they must accept an oath only to leave at a
particular time, through a particular doctor,
through a particular medicine. When the time to
leave came, the person entered a house of idolatry -
should the afflictions transgress their oath?!
4. (R. Yochanan): "Va'Chalayim Ra'im v'Ne'emanim" - the
sicknesses fulfill a mission to do evil, they are
trustworthy to fulfill their oath.
(f) Answer (Rav Yehudah): "Asher Chalak...Osam l'Chol
ha'Amim" - Hash-m was Machlik (deceived) the Nochrim (to
let them believed in idolatry) to deprive them of the
world to come.
1. (Reish Lakish): "Im la'Letzim Hu Yalitz" - if one
comes to Metamei (defile) himself, Hash-m gives him
the opportunity; if one comes to Metaher himself,
Hash-m helps him.
(a) Version #1 - our text - (Mishnah): We may buy a Gas
(winepress) from a Nochri even after he stomped grapes in
it, even if the Nochri takes grapes with his hand and
puts them on the heap being pressed;
(b) The juice is not considered wine (to become forbidden if
touched by a Nochri) until it descends to the pit;
(c) Version #2 - Rashi - (Mishnah): We may buy a Gas from a
Nochri even after he stomped grapes in it;
(d) Even if the Nochri takes grapes with his hand and puts
them on the heap being pressed (it is permitted), because
(even the juice) is not considered wine until it descends
to the pit. (End of Version #2)
(e) After the juice descends to the pit, it is forbidden
(Rashi - if the Nochri touches it; Rashbam - even if he
does not touch it, for he caused it to descend), the rest
(f) We may stomp with the Nochri (who already stomped a bit
everywhere, for then the grapes are already Teme'im, but
we may not harvest with him (for the grapes will become
Tamei when they are put in the Gas, and it is forbidden
to Metamei (or assist to Metamei) Chulin produce in Eretz
(g) If a Yisrael allows his produce to become Tamei, one may
not stomp or harvest with him (it is forbidden to assist
1. One may help him take empty barrels to the Gas and
take full ones from it.
(h) If a Yisrael kneader allows the dough to become Tamei,
one may not knead or arrange the dough with him;
1. One may help him take the loaves to the Palter
(Tosfos - who sells them; Rashi - one may help take
the dough to the Palter, who bakes it).
(i) (Gemara - Rav Huna): Once wine starts to flow (down the
incline of the Gas), it can become Yayin Nesech (if a
Nochri touches it).
(j) Question (Mishnah): We may buy a Gas from a Nochri even
after he stomped in it, even if he takes grapes with his
hand and puts them on the heap.
(k) Answer #1 (Rav Huna): The case is, the Gas is plugged up
and full (so the juice does not flow, it stays in its
(l) Question (Mishnah): It is not considered wine until it
descends to the pit.
(m) Answer #1 (Rav Huna): Here also, the Gas is plugged up
(n) Question (Mishnah): After the juice descends to the pit,
it is forbidden, the rest is permitted.
(o) Answer (and Answer #2 to the previous questions - Rav
Huna): The Tana later retracted - my law is according to
the latter version of the Mishnah.
(p) (Beraisa): At first, they said BaDaD (an acronym for
1. We may not *B*otzer (harvest grapes) with Nochrim,
because it is forbidden to Metamei Chulin in Eretz
(q) They retracted and said DaBaD (an acronym for three
2. We may not *D*orech (stomp) with a Yisrael who
allows the wine to become Tamei, for it is forbidden
to assist in a transgression;
3. We may *D*orech with a Nochri (who already stomped,
for then the grapes are already Teme'im;
i. We are not concerned for Rav Huna's law (that
once wine starts to flow, it becomes Yayin
Nesech if a Nochri touches it).
1. We may not *D*orech with a Nochri, on account of Rav
2. We may not *B*otzer with a Yisrael who allows the
wine to become Tamei, all the more so we may not
Dorech with him (this makes the wine Tamei
3. We may *B*otzer with Nochrim, because it is
permitted to Metamei Chulin (from which Terumah will
not be taken, e.g. a Nochri's produce) in Eretz