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Avodah Zarah 76

AVODAH ZARAH 72-76 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) Contradiction (Rav Amram - our Mishnah): A roasting spit or grill (of a Nochri) is Kashered through Libun;
1. (Mishnah): A roasting spit or grill (on which Kodshim were cooked) is Kashered through Hag'alah in hot water.
(b) Answer #1 (Rav Sheshes): Kodshim vessels are more lenient because they absorbed permitted taste; Nochri vessels absorbed forbidden taste.
(c) Objection (Rabah): What difference does it make? In both cases, they emit forbidden taste (Kodshim becomes Nosar within a day or two)!
(d) Answer #2 (Rabah): When the Mishnah says that Hag'alah is required for Kodshim vessels, this means Shetifah u'Merikah (rinsing and scouring).
(e) Objection (Abaye): Shetifah u'Merikah is with cold water, the Mishnah specifies Hag'alah, which is in hot water!
(f) Answer #3 (Abaye): Each Mishnah teaches about the other:
1. Our Mishnah teaches that Nochri vessels require Libun - the same applies to Kodshim vessels;
2. That Mishnah teaches that Kodshim vessels require Hag'alah - the same applies to Nochri vessels.
(g) Objection (Rava): If so, one of the Mishnayos should have taught Libun and Hag'alah, and the other should teach one of these methods, and we would learn the other method from the other Mishnah!
(h) Answer #4 (Rava): Kodshim vessels do not require Libun because of Rav Nachman's reasoning.
1. (Rav Nachman): Cooking Kodshim in a pot purges the pot from absorptions of the previous day's Kodshim (before they become forbidden).
2. Question: This only applies to Shelamim (which may be eaten for two days) since yesterday's absorptions are still permitted;
i. But if Chatas was cooked yesterday, it is forbidden today (and it forbids today's Kodshim)!
3. After cooking Chatas, one must cook Shelamim that same day (to purge the pot from absorbed Chatas), the absorbed Shelamim will be purged tomorrow.
(i) Objection: If so, Kodshim vessels should not even need Hag'alah!
1. This is left difficult.
(j) Answer #5 (Rav Papa): Nochrim do not constantly cook in their vessels, the absorptions become hard, Libun is required; Kodshim vessels are used constantly, the absorptions never become hard, Hag'alah suffices. (k) Defense of answer #1 (Rav Ashi): Kodshim vessels are more lenient because they absorbed permitted taste;
1. Objection (Rabah): In both cases, they emit forbidden taste!
2. Answer (Rav Ashi): Genuine Isur never touched Kodshim vessels, just the absorptions became Nosar.
(a) Question: What level of Libun is required?
(b) Answer (Rav Mani): One must heat them until the surface peels off.
(c) Question: How is Hag'alah of vessels done?
(d) Answer (Rav Huna): A small pot is put in a bigger pot (of boiling water).
(e) Question: How is Hag'alah done for a big pot?
(f) Answer: Rav Ukva had a big pot to Kasher; he put dough around the brim, filled it with water up to the brim, and boiled the water.

(g) Rava: Rav Ukva is a great Chacham, he knows that this suffices!
1. When Isur was cooked in the pot, sometimes (boiling) drops would splash on top of the brim - we purge the absorptions (Kasher it) the same way they were absorbed, it suffices that such drops splash on the brim.
(h) (Mishnah): A knife is Kashered by rubbing it on a sharpening stone.
(i) (Rav Ukva bar Chama): Also, he must (Rashi; Ramban - alternatively, he may) insert it 10 times in the ground
(j) (Rav Huna brei d'Rav Yehoshua): He must insert it in virgin soil.
(k) (Rav Kahana): This refers to a knife without crevices.
(l) Support (Beraisa): A knife without crevices may be Kashered by inserting it 10 times in the ground.
(m) (Rav Huna brei d'Rav Yehoshua): This suffices to use for cold food.
1. Mar Yehudah and Bati bar Tuvi were eating with Shevor Malka (a Nochri); Shevor Malka cut an Esrog and gave some to Bati bar Tuvi; he inserted the knife 10 times in the ground, cut a piece and gave it to Mar Yehudah.
2. Bati bar Tuvi: You Kashered it for him because he is a Yisrael - you do not consider me to be a Yisrael?!
3. Version #1 - Shevor Malka: I know that he would not eat unless I did so - I did not know that you are so particular.
4. Version #2 - Shevor Malka: Remember what you did last night! (Rashi - Persian women were offered to Bati and Yehudah, Bati accepted, Yehudah refused. Tosfos - slaves were offered to them, Bati accepted because he was a slave.)
On to Horayos


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