(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Avodah Zarah 5


(a) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan learn from the Pasuk in ...
  1. ... Yeshayah "ve'Halach Lefanecha Tzidkecha ... "?
  2. ... Iyov "Yilafsu Orchos Darkam"?
(b) Rebbi Elazar takes this latter idea even further.
What does he learn from the Pasuk in Vayeishev (in connection with Yosef and the wife of Potifera) "Lishkav Etzlah Lih'yos Itah"?

(c) How does Resh Lakish interpret the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ani Amarti Elokim Atem, u'Benei Elyon Kulchem. Achein ke'Adam Temusun ... "?

(d) Why is that a reason for us to be grateful?

(e) If, as Resh Lakish maintains, had our ancestors not sinned by the Golden Calf, they would never have died, how will we explain the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Noach "Ve'atem P'ru u'Revu"?
  2. ... in Va'eschanan (in connection with Yisrael returning to their wives after Matan Torah) "Lech Emor Lahem Shuvu Lachem le'Ohalechem"?
  3. ... there (in connection with Yisrael after Matan Torah) "Lema'an Yitav Lahem ve'Livneihem Achareihem"?
(a) How does Resh Lakish interpret the Pasuk in Bereishis "Zeh Sefer Toldos Adam"? Does this mean that Adam wrote a Sefer?

(b) What was Adam's reaction when he read about Rebbi Akiva?

(c) And what did Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Ki Lo le'Olam Ariv ve'Lo la'Netzach Ektzof, Ki Ru'ach mi'Lefanai Ya'atof, u'Neshamos Asher Asisi"?

(d) What does this prove? What Kashya does it pose on the latest statement of Resh Lakish?

(a) To answer the Kashya, how do we amend Resh Lakish's statement ' ... Anu Lo Banu le'Olam'?

(b) If, as Resh Lakish maintains, they would not have died had they not worshipped the Eigel, how would we have understood the Parshah of Yibum and that of Nachalos?

(c) We learn this concept of 'condition' from another statement of Resh Lakish (that we already cited earlier).
What did Resh Lakish say about the Pasuk in Bereishis "Yom ha'Shishi"?

(a) Commenting on the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "Mi Yiten Ve'hayah Levavam Zeh Lahem le'Yir'ah Osi Kol ha'Yamim", what reason does the Beraisa give to explain why Yisrael cannot have received the Torah on the understanding that they would live forever?

(b) Then, based on the Pasuk "Lema'an Yitav Lahem ve'li'Veneihem Achareihem", what would they have gained by receiving the Torah?

(c) We answer by establishing Resh Lakish like Rebbi Yossi.
What does Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ani Amarti Elohim Atem ... Achein ke'Adam Temusun"? Who is meant by "ke'Adam"?

(d) How does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yossi interpret "Lema'an Yitav Lahem (implying 'goodness yes, everlasting life, no!')?
  2. ... the Tana Kama interpret "Achein ke'Adam Temusun" (implying that they were punished with death only because they sinned, but otherwise, they would have lived forever)?
(e) Mar learns this from the Pasuk in Sh'mos (in connection with Dasan and Aviram, who, we know, were still alive) "Ki Meisu Kol ha'Anashim ha'Mevakshim es Nafshecha".
What does he learn from the Pasuk in ...
  1. ... Eichah "be'Machashakim Hoshivani ke'Meisei Olam"?
  2. ... Beha'aloscha (in connection with Miriam) "Al Na Tehi ka'Meis"?
  3. ... Vayeitzei (said by Rachel to Ya'akov) "Havah Li Banim, ve'Im Ayin, Messiah Anochi"?
(a) In light of the Pasuk in Tehilim "Lu Ami Shome'a Li ... ki'Me'at Oyveihem Achni'a" and the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Lu Hikshavta le'Mitzvosai, Vi'yehi ka'Nahar Kolecha", how does the Beraisa interpret the Pasuk "Im be'Chukosai Teilechu"?

(b) What was Hashem's response to Yisrael's request for Moshe to transmit the remainder of the Torah to them, because they were afraid, and not Hashem directly?

(c) How does the Beraisa describe Yisrael's failure to respond to Hashem's praise? What ought they to have said?

(d) How did that render them 'Kefuyei Tovah' (see Tosfos DH 'Kefuyei Tovah')?

(a) The Beraisa also considers them Kefuyei Tovah for having referred to the Manna as ''Lechem he'Kelokel''.
How did that render them Kefuyei Tovah? To what 'Tovah' does this refer?

(b) And to what was the Tana referring when he called them 'b'nei Kefuyei Tovah'?

(c) What do we learn from the fact that Moshe only rebuked them on this point at the end of the fortieth year in the desert?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Ban'ah Darshens the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Ashreichem Zor'ei al Kol Mayim, Meshalchei Regel ha'Shor ve'ha'Chamor".
If "Meshalchei Regel" refers to ridding oneself of the Yeitzer-ha'Ra, what good deed is inherent in the word ...
  1. ... "Zor'ei?
  2. ... "Mayim"?
(b) What does Tana de'Bei Eliyahu learn from "Meshalchei Regel ha'Shor ve'ha'Chamor"?
(a) What does the Mishnah in Chulin say about Erev Shemini Atzeres, Erev Pesach, Erev Shevu'os and Erev Rosh Hashanah? What do they have in common?

(b) Rebbi Yossi Hagelili adds Erev Yom Kipur in the Galil to the list.
Why is that? Why particularly in the Galil?

(c) How do we reconcile this Mishnah with our Mishnah, which suggests that someone purchases an animal in preparation for a festival already two or three days before the festival?

(d) And how do we reconcile the three days in our Mishnah with the Beraisa, which speaks about thirty days before Pesach (fifteen according to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel) that one already begins to Darshen Hilchos Pesach?

(a) What did Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in No'ach (in connection with the animals that No'ach was to take into the ark) ...
  1. ... "u'mi'Kol ha'Chai mi'Kol Basar"?
  2. ... "Lechayos Zera"?
(b) Why do some opinions disagree with this latter Drashah?

(c) So what do they learn from "Itcha"?

(d) We reject the suggestion that No'ach cannot have been a T'reifah because the Torah refers to him as "Tamim" (because the Torah writes "Tamim" for other reasons).
How do we interpret ...

  1. ... "Tzadik"?
  2. ... "Tamim"?
(a) So from where do we learn that No'ach was not a T'reifah?

(b) Now that the Torah has written "Itcha", why does it need to write "Lechayos Zera"?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,