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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Avodah Zarah 6

AVODAH ZARAH 6 - l'Iluy Nishmas Harav Ze'ev Wolf Rosengarten of Zurich, Switzerland, who passed away on 14 Adar 5760, a person of "Sheleimus" in every way. Dedicated in honor of his Yahrzeit by his nephew and Talmid, Mr. Eli Rosengarten of Zurich.


(a) What She'eilah do we ask in connection with our Mishnah 'Sheloshah Yamim Lifnei Eidehen'? What ambiguity exists in the meaning of this phrase?

(b) How do we attempt to resolve the She'eilah, from Rebbi Yishmael in a Beraisa, who says 'Sheloshah Lifneihem u'Sheloshah le'Achareihem'?

(c) In refuting the proof, we establish 'Sheloshah Lifneihem' as being inclusive.
How will we then explain 'Sheloshah le'Achareihem'?

(a) Based on the fact that Sunday is considered a Christian festival, what does Rav Tachlifa bar Avdimi Amar Shmuel say, according to Rebbi Yishmael?

(b) What problem does Shmuel's statement present on the above?

(c) How do we get round the problem?

(a) The next Mishnah will discuss Kalanda, Satrunya and Kartesim.
What do these three have in common?

(b) Rav Chanin bar Rava explains that Kalanda takes place eight days after the Tekufah (the beginning of the new season).
Which season?

(c) On what date does Satrunya take place?

(d) Why do we quote the Pasuk in Tehilim "Achor va'Kedem Tzartani"?

(a) How do we ...
  1. ... try to prove from here that 'Sheloshah Yamim' must be exclusive (minus the festival itself)?
  2. ... reject this proof? How would we understand our Mishnah, even if 'Sheloshah Yamim' would included the festival?
(b) What does Rav Ashi finally extrapolate from the Lashon 'Lifnei Eidehen shel Akum Sheloshah Yamim'? What else might the Tana have said?

(c) And what ought he to have said had he meant merely to preclude the three days after the festival?

(a) We ask whether the Isur is perhaps based on 'Harvachah'.
What does that mean?

(b) What would the Isur alternatively be?

(c) What are the ramifications of the She'eilah?

(a) What does the Beraisa say about handing a Nazir a glass of wine or a piece of Eiver min ha'Chai to a Nochri?

(b) Why does this appear to clash with what we just said?

(c) How do we reconcile the two statements?

(d) How does the Lashon of the Beraisa bear this out?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Yochanan forbids anyone who did do business with a Nochri before the festival to derive any benefit from the proceeds.
What does Resh Lakish say?

(b) How does Resh Lakish reconcile his opinion with the Beraisa 'Eidehen shel Ovdei Kochavim, Nasa ve'Nasan Asur'?

(c) In the second Lashon, how does Rebbi Yochanan counter Resh Lakish's inference 'Eidehen In, Lifnei Eidehen, Lo'?

(a) The Beraisa qualifies the prohibition of 'Lifnei Eidehen'.
Which kinds of objects does the Tana preclude from the prohibition? Why is that?

(b) What does the Tana say about someone who transgressed the prohibition, and did business with a Nochri within three days of the festival?

(c) Rav Z'vid quoting a Beraisa by Rebbi Oshaya forbids the purchase of objects that will not last until the festival, from a Nochri.
Why is that?

(a) What is a Dinra Keysarna'ah?

(b) What quandary faced Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah when a Miyn sent him such a coin on the day of his festival? Why did he not simply refuse to accept it?

(c) Initially, he declined to accept the advice of Resh Lakish to throw it into a deep pit in the Miyn's presence.
Why was that?

(d) What did Resh Lakish really mean?

(a) Our Mishnah includes borrowing from a Nochri in the prohibition (even though he appears to gain nothing).
How does Abaye explain this?

(b) According to Rava, however, the prohibition of borrowing is as intrinsic as that of lending.
Why is that?

(c) In similar vein, Abaye explains the prohibition of claiming payment of a loan from a Nochri as a decree on account of lending him money.
What does Rava say?

11) Having taught us the prohibition of ...
  1. ... doing business with a Nochri, why does the Tana then need to add that of borrowing vessels from him?
  2. ... borrowing vessels from him, why does he need to add that of borrowing money.
  3. ... borrowing money from him, why does he need to add that of claiming a debt?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah permits claiming a debt from a Nochri within the three days prior to his festival.
What reason to we initially ascribe to Rebbi Yehudah's ruling?

(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa say about a woman smearing a lime pack on her face on Yom-Tov ...

  1. ... if it is not due to be removed until the middle of Yom-Tov? Why is that?
  2. ... if the lime can be removed on the first day of Yom-Tov?
(c) How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak reconcile this ruling with Rebbi Yehudah's previous ruling, where he did not contend with the fact that the Nochri will benefit later?

(d) According to Ravina, repayment of a loan is different.
Why is that?

(a) Our Mishnah does not go like Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah.
What distinction does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah draw between a documented loan and an oral one?

(b) Like whom did Rebbi Huna rule?

(c) Rebbi Aba was sitting in front of Rav Huna when he issued that ruling.
Who was sitting behind Rebbi Aba at the time?

Answers to questions

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