REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 8
(a) We just cited a Machlokes between Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi Yehoshua on
the one hand, and the Chachamim on the other, as to whether one may request
one's personal needs during the Amidah.
Like whom is the Halachah?
(b) What alternative does Rav Yehudah B'rei de'Rav Shmuel bar Shilas in the
name of Rav offer?
(c) And what does Rebbi ...
- ... Chiya bar Ashi Amar Rav say about someone who has a sick person in his house, or someone who needs Parnasah?
- ... Yehoshua ben Levi say about someone who has finished the Amidah?
(a) We already discussed the Din of Kalanda, Satrunya and Kartesim (our
Mishnah reads 'Satarnura' and 'Kartisim'). Our Mishnah adds 'Yom Genusya
What does this mean?
(b) Which other two days does Rebbi Meir add?
(c) What do the Chachamim say? When is the day of the king's death
considered a festival and when is it not?
(d) What does the Tana say about the day that the king shaves his beard and
his 'B'luris' (what is a 'B'luris'), the day that he returns from a trip at
sea and the day that he is set free from prison?
(a) The Tana describes Adam ha'Rishon's mood from the time of his creation.
Why was he depressed for the three-month period until mid-winter (Tekufas
(b) What did he do about it?
(c) What caused his mood to change? What did he do about that?
(d) How will the opinion that Adam was created in Nisan, explain this,
seeing as he had experienced the days getting shorter (already from Tekufas
(e) What does all this have to do with Kalanda and Satrunya?
(a) Another Beraisa describes Adam's mood the first Motza'ei Shabbos after
Why was he depressed?
(b) What did he and Chavah do about it?
(c) What caused his mood to change?
(d) What did he do about that?
(a) With regard to the bull that Adam sacrificed, the Tana quotes the Pasuk
in Tehilim ... "Ve'seitiv la'Hashem mi'Shor Par Makrin Mafris".
the significance of ...
(b) What is the gist of David's Tefilah inherent in this Pasuk?
- ... the order of the words "Makrin Mafris"? What is special about this?
- ... the spelling of the word "Makrin" (Rav Yehudah Amar Rav)?
(a) Rav Masna asked whether, bearing in mind that it was the Romans who
celebrated Kalanda, the prohibition of engaging in business with the
adherents of Avodah-Zarah extended to the surrounding states, who did not
worship that Avodah-Zarah. What is the She'eilah? Why should it?
(b) Rebbi Yehoshua takes the strict view.
What does Rebbi Yochanan say?
(c) Even those Poskim who tend to rule like Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi on
principle, concede here that the Halachah is like Rebbi Yochanan.
(d) What does the Beraisa say about ...
- ... Saturnalya, Kartesim and the day of the coronation? What do they all have in common?
- ... a Nochri who made a party to celebrate the birth of his son?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah 'Yom Tiglachas B'no ... ve'Yom she'Yatza
mi'Beis ha'Asurim Ein Asur Ela Oso ha'Yom Bil'vad ve'Oso ha'Ish'.
does Rav Ashi prove from the Lashon 've'Oso ha'Ish'?
(b) What does Rebbi Yishmael in a Beraisa mean when he says 'Yisrael
she'be'Chutzah la'Aretz Ovdei Avodas Kochavim be'Taharah Hein'?
(c) Will it make a difference if they ...
(d) He learns this from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "ve'Kara Lecha ve'Achalta
- ... eat their own food?
- ... are served by their own waiters?
How does Rebbi Yishmael learn from there that the prohibition
speaks even when they eat their own food, bearing in mind that the Torah did
write "ve'Achalta ... "?
(a) For how long after the event does Rav Papa forbid participatomg in the
party, assuming that the Nochri ..
Answers to questions
(b) How will we then explain Rav Yitzchak b'rei de'Rav Mesharshaya, who
heard the Nochri praise his god when he participated in his party, even
after twelve months had already elapsed?
- ... did not mention the occasion in his invitation?
- ... did mention it? After how long does he (quoting Rava) permit participating in the party, even if he specifically explained why he organized it?
(a) If, as Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel explains, 'Kartesim' commemorates the day
that the Romans seized power from the Greeks, how does Rav Yosef explain the
Beraisa 'Kartesim ve'Yom she'Tafsah Bo Romi Malchus'?
(b) According to Rav Dimi, how many battles did Rome fight against Greece
before finally vanquishing it?
(c) Who helped them to achieve final victory?
(d) What agreement did the Romans enter into with them?
(a) The Romans finally overcame the Greeks, not through battle, but through
What is the order of significance of a pearl, a precious stone
and a carbuncle? Which would serve as a base for which (see Agados Maharsha,
that these three represent the three nations that preceded Rome)?
(b) What does this have to do with a Sefer-Torah?
(c) How many years did it take the Romans to abrogate their treaty with
(d) If initially, they Darshened the Pasuk in Vayishlach 'Nis'ah
Ve'neilechah ve'Eilchah le'Negdecha', which Pasuk did they Darshen
(a) Rav Kahana cites the episode where Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi fell
What information did Rebbi ask from him?
(b) How many years before the destruction of the second Beis Hamikdash did
the Romans come to power?
(c) Eighty years before the Churban, the Chachamim decreed Tum'ah on two
things. One of them, was the lands of the Nochrim.
What was the other?
(a) What happened forty years before the Churban?
(b) Rav Yitzchak bar Avdimi's suggests that the ramifications of this move
were that they could no longer judge 'Diynei K'nasos'.
What is his source
(c) We reject this suggestion however, because of an incident with Rebbi
Yehudah ben Bava, whom Rav Yehudah Amar Rav praised, because, he said, if
not for him, Diynei K'nasos would have been forgotten.
Why do we find it
necessary to amend this statement?
(d) How do we amend it?
(a) What did the Romans threaten to do the with person who received Semichah
and the person who gave it?
(b) Why did Rebbi Yehudah ben Bava give his Talmidim Semichah between two
big mountains and between two Techumei Shabbos?
(c) What is the significance of 'between Shefaram and Usha'?
(d) He gave Semichah to Rebbi Meir, Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Yossi.
were the other two Talmidim who received Semichah from him?
(e) What does Rav Ivya say about Rebbi Nechemyah?
(a) What did Rebbi Yehudah ben Bava say to his Talmidim ...
... when they saw the Romans approaching from a distance?
... when the Talmidim asked him what would happen to *him*?
(b) What actually happened to him?
(c) How do we prove from this episode that Diynei K'nasos did not cease to
be judged after the Sanhedrin left the Lishkas ha'Gazis?
(a) So how does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak explain the ramifications of the
Answers to questions
(b) Why did the Sanhedrin leave the Lishkas ha'Gazis?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "Ve'asisa al-Pi ha'Davar
Asher Yagidu Lecha min ha'Makom ha'Hu"?