(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Avodah Zarah 13


(a) What does Rebbi Nasan in a Beraisa say about the day of tax relief? What would they announce concerning anybody who would place a crown on his own head or on that of his donkey?

(b) What problem would then face any Jew who happened to be there?

(c) What ruling does Rebbi Nasan therefore issue? What should be done when purchasing ...

  1. ... an animal?
  2. ... fruit, clothes and destructible goods?
  3. ... money and metal goods?
(d) How is the Ikur of an animal performed?
(a) How does this Beraisa pose a Kashya on Resh Lakish (who permits selling to Nochrim on their festivals)?

(b) How does Rav Mesharshaya b'rei de'Rav Idi establish the Mishnah to reconcile it with Resh Lakish?

(c) What does Rebbi Yochanan then say?

(a) What does another Beraisa say about ...
  1. ... purchasing animals, Avadim ... houses, fields and vineyards in the market from Nochrim?
  2. ... certifying the sale in Nochri courts?
(b) What reason does the Tana give for this concession?

(c) He also permits the owner, even if he is a Kohen, to go ...

  1. ... to Chutz la'Aretz for this purpose.
    Why does a Kohen require a special dispensation? Why might we have thought that it is forbidden?
  2. ... through a Beis ha'Kevaros, if need be.
    What is the problem with that?
(d) So what does the Beraisa really mean?
(a) For which other two reasons does the Tana permit the last two Isurim de'Rabbanan?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah qualifies the Heter to transgress in order to learn Torah, confining it to where he has no other Rebbe from whom to learn.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(c) Rebbi Yossi proves his point from Yosef ha'Kohen.
What did Yosef ha'Kohen do?

(a) In what way does this Tana support Resh Lakish?

(b) How do we know that Rebbi Yochanan was aware of the Beraisa?

(c) To reconcile the Beraisa with Rebbi Yochanan, we draw a distinction between two kinds of salesmen.
How will Rebbi Yochanan establish this Beraisa?

Answers to questions



(a) What does another Beraisa say about being Makdish, Machrim (declaring an object Cherem [a form of Hekdesh]) or Ma'arich (undertaking to pay someone's 'value' to Hekdesh)?

(b) If someone did declare something Hekdesh, the Tana makes the same three distinctions between the various kinds of commodities as it did in the previous Beraisa.
How does this Tana define 'Ikur'?

(c) How does Abaye explain the discrepancy between the two definitions of Ikur? Why does this Tana mot agree with the definition of the previous one ('cutting off the leg below the knee')?

(d) Then why not Shecht the animal?

(a) According to Abaye, we cannot simply cut the animal in two, because the Torah writes in Re'ei "ve'Nitatztem es Mizbechosam ... Lo Sa'asun Kein la'Hashem Elokeichem" (prohibiting wanton destruction of any form of Hekdesh).
What does Rava say?

(b) How can Rava speak of 'looking like' making a blemish Kodshim? Why is it not actually blemishing them?

(c) Does the Torah permit creating a blemish on Kodshim that are already blemished?

(d) According to that opinion, why does Rava not consider this a case of creating a blemish on Kodshim that are already blemished? Why does he still refer to it as 'Nir'eh ke'Matil Mum'?

(a) When Rebbi Yonah once found Rebbi Ila'i standing by the gate of Tzur, he asked him whether Rebbi Nasan's Din 'Beheimah Te'aker' will apply to an Eved that one purchased at the Nochri market or not.
What sort of Eved was he referring to?

(b) Rebbi Ila'i replied with a Beraisa.
What does the Tana say about Ovdei-Kochavim and shepherds of small animals?

(c) What is the significance of shepherds of small animals (see Tosfos DH 've'ha'Ro'in')?

(d) How does this ruling resolve Rebbi Yonah's She'eilah?

(a) The Rabbanan of Rebbi Nasan permit the purchase of 'Beheimah, Avadim u'Shefachos'.
What did Rebbi Yirmiyah ask Rebbi Zeira about 'Avadim'?

(b) Rebbi Zeira established the Beraisa by Avadim Ivrim.
What reason did he give for that?

(a) When Ravin arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he cited Resh Lakish, who disagrees with Rebbi Zeira.
What reason does he give for permitting the purchase even of Avadim Cana'anim?

(b) How does Rav Ashi refute that reason from the very Beraisa itself?

(c) So what reason does he give for the concession of buying animals and Avadim Cana'anim from the Nochrim?

(a) Rebbi Ya'akov bought shoes from a Nochri.
What did Rebbi Yirmiyah buy?

(b) Neither did wrong, based on a statement by Rebbi Aba b'rei de'Rebbi Chiya bar Aba.
What did Rebbi Aba say about the Mishnah's prohibition of purchasing from a Nochri?

(c) Then why did Rebbi Ya'akov and Rebbi Yirmiyah ask each other whether his Rebbe would have done what he did?

(d) Rebbi Aba b'rei de'Rebbi Chiya bar Aba however, was not happy with his own concession.
Why did he comment that Rebbi Yochanan would not have permitted even buying from a private individual?

(e) In light of that, how will we then explain Rebbi Ya'akov and Rebbi Yirmiyah's actions?

(a) What does our Mishnah say about Itztrublin and B'nos-Shu'ach, P'totros, Levonah (which will all be explained in the Sugya) and a white rooster?

(b) What is the reason for the prohibition?

(c) How does Rebbi Yehudah qualify the last item on the list?

(d) What does the Tana advise someone who wishes to sell a single white rooster to do?

13) Other things, the Tana Kama concludes, 'S'taman Asur u'Perushan Mutar' (which will be explained later).
What does Rebbi Meir say about 'Dekel Tav, Chatzav ve'Niklav'?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,