(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Avodah Zarah 14


(a) Initially, we establish the Itztrublin in our Mishnah as Turnisa.
What is Turnisa?

(b) We refute this suggestion however, on the basis of a Beraisa, which includes Itztrublin among the species that are subject to the Dinim of Shevi'is.
What is the problem with that?

(c) So how does Rav Safra finally establish 'Itztrublin'?

(d) What did Ravin quote Rebbi Elazar as saying when he arrived from Eretz Yisrael?

(a) How does Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan explain ...
  1. ... 'B'nos-Shu'ach'?
  2. ... 'P'totros' (which is not the name of an independant species)?
(b) And how does Rebbi Yitzchak Amar Resh Lakish explain 'Levonah'?

(c) The Beraisa permits selling all of these items in bulk.
What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira consider in bulk? What is the reason for that?

(d) Why are we not concerned that the purchaser will sell to others for idolatrous purposes?

(a) What distinction does Rebbi Yonah Amar Rebbi Zeira Amar Rav Z'vid (others omit Rav Z'vid) make between a Nochri who is looking for someone selling a rooster and someone selling a *white* rooster?

(b) Our Mishnah cited the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah, who permits selling a white rooster among other roosters.
What did the purchaser actually ask for?

(c) Why is this a Kashya on Rebbi Zeira?

(a) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak establishes the Mishnah when the purchaser said 'Zeh ve'Zeh'.
What does he mean by this?

(b) What is then the difference between selling him one rooster and selling him a few? Why is selling him one forbidden according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(c) Why do the Rabbanan then forbid selling a white one even together with others?

(d) And we prove this from Rebbi Yehudah.
How does Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa qualify the prohibition of selling a Nochri a white rooster?

(e) What would be the Din if the Nochri said 'Tarnegol' S'tam?

(a) What does Rebbi Yehudah there say in a case where the Nochri said 'Tarnegol Zeh Lavan', but where he is also arranging a party on behalf of his son, or where a member of his family is sick?

(b) The Mishnah (that we learned earlier) however - forbids doing business with a Nochri on the day that he arranges a party in honor of his son's wedding (because he will go and give thanks to his god).
Why does this pose a Kashya on Rebbi Yehudah?

(c) Rav Yitzchak bar Rav Mesharshaya reconciles Rebbi Yehudah in the Beraisa with the Mishnah, (forbidding that day at least), by establishing Rebbi Yehudah by Tavzig.
What is 'Tavzig'?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah 've'Sha'ar Kol ha'Devarim S'taman Mutar, u'Perushan Asur'.
Why can 'S'taman' not mean where he asked for white wheat, and 'Perushan', when he specifically added 'la'Avodas Kochavim'?

(b) How then, do we propose to interpret ...

  1. ... 'Staman'?
  2. ... 'Perushan'?
(c) What can we then extrapolate with regard to the equivalent Din by a rooster, which clashes with Rebbi Zeira?

(d) We finally establish our Mishnah like we established it at first, and the Chidush lies in the Seifa.
Why might we have thought that even though the Nochri specifically added 'la'Avodas Kochavim', it would still be permitted to sell it to him? Why did he mention Avodas Kochavim if he did not mean it?

Answers to questions



(a) Rav Ashi asks whether, if a Nochri asks for a white rooster minus a limb, one may sell him a complete one.
Why might it be forbidden to do so?

(b) Assuming that we are strict in the previous case, he then asked what the Din will be if the Nochri requested a white rooster, but accepted the initial offer of first a black one, and then, a red one.
According to which Tana in our Mishnah does this She'eilah go?

(c) What is the outcome of these She'eilos?

(a) How many chapters comprised Maseches Avodah-Zarah of Avraham Avinu?

(b) In what context did Rav Chisda make this comment to Avimi?

(c) Rav Chisda had a problem with Rebbi Meir in our Mishnah, who forbids selling a 'Dekel Tav' to Nochrim.
What can we infer from there?

(d) His problem is based on the Mishnah later.
What does the Tana there say about whatever is attached to the ground?

(a) How did Avimi explain 'Dekel Tav', to answer Rav Chisda's Kashya?

(b) What did Rav Huna say about this?

(c) And how did they interpret ...

  1. ... 'Chatzav'?
  2. ... 'Niklas'?
(a) When Rav Dimi arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he cited Rebbi Chama bar Yosef, who translated Niklas as 'Kuraiti'.
What did Abaye comment on this?

(b) How did Rav Dimi respond to Abaye's comment?

(c) On what grounds do we reject the translation of 'Kuraiti' as the dust from grains of frankincense?

(a) What does our Tana say about selling ...
  1. ... a small type animal to a Nochri?
  2. ... him a large animal? Why the difference?
(b) Under which category do calves and foals fall?

(c) The Tana Kama does not differentiate between whole ones and broken ones.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(d) What does ben Beseira say about a horse?

(a) What does the Beraisa say about leaving animals under the care of Nochrim in their inns?

(b) What does that have to do with the Pasuk in Bereishis "Ve'hayu le'Basar Echad"?

(c) How does Rav correlate this Beraisa, which seems to forbid leaving an animal with a Nochri outright, with our Mishnah which presents selling them a small animal as a matter of Minhag?

(a) Rebbi Elazar disagrees with Rav. According to him, our Mishnah has nothing to do with the suspicion of 'Revi'ah'.
Why is that? Why, Minhag permitting, may one sell a small animal to a Nochri, even though he is suspect on Revi'ah?

(b) Then what is the reason for the Minhag that prohibits the sale of a small animal?

(c) Did Rav remain with his ruling?

(d) What statement did Rav Tachlifa ... issue in the name of Rav about a Nochri and his animal?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,