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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Avodah Zarah 19


(a) According to Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan, the Pasuk "Ashrei ha'Ish" (that we discussed earlier), refers to Avraham Avinu.
If "Atzas Resh'im" refers to the Dor Haflagah, which generation was David referring to, when he spoke of ...
  1. ... "Derech Chata'im"?
  2. ... "Moshav Leitzim"?
(b) From where do we know that P'lishtim were Letzanim (jesters/mockers)?

(c) What does Rebbi Amram Amar Rav learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ashrei *ha'Ish* Yarei es Hashem" (which certainly does not come to exclude women)?

(a) According to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, "Ish" comes to teach us the praiseworthiness of the *one who overcomes his Yetzer-ha'Ra* when he is young.
What does he extrapolate from the continuation of the Pasuk "be'Mitzvosav Chafetz Me'od"?

(b) Which Mishnah in Pirkei Avos contains this same Limud?

(c) And what does Rebbi (or a S'tam Beraisa) learn from the continuation of the earlier Pasuk "Ki Im be'Soras Hashem Cheftzo"?

(a) Levi and Rebbi Shimon b'rei de'Rebbi had just fiinshed learning a Seifer with their Rebbe (Rebbi). Levi wanted to begin learning Mishlei.
Which Seifer did Rebbi Shimon prefer?

(b) Rebbi Shimon manged to convince Levi, and they began learning Tehilim. What happened when they arrived at the Pasuk "Ki Im be'Soras Hashem Cheftzo"? What did Levi remark to Rebbi?

(a) Rava explained the Pasuk "Ki Im be'Soras Hashem Cheftzo" like Rebbi.
How did Rav Avdimi bar Chama Darshen it?

(b) What does Rava Darshen from the change ...

  1. ... of person, from "Soras Hashem" to "u've'Soraso Yehegeh ... "?
  2. ... from "Soras Hashem" to "u've'Soraso Yehegeh ... "?
(c) And what does he Darshen from ...
  1. ... the Pasuk in Mishlei "Garsah Nafshi le'Sa'avah"? What other connotations does "Garsah" have?
  2. ... the change from one Pasuk "al Gapei Meromei Kares" to "al Kisei Meromei Kares" in another Pasuk (both in Mishlei, in connection with learning Torah)?
(d) What similar D'rashah do we make to explain the change (also in Mishlei) from ...
  1. ... "al Rosh Meromim" to "Alei Derech"?
  2. ... "Sh'sei Mayim mi'Borcha" to "ve'Nozlim mi'Toch Be'ercha"?
(a) What does Rava Amar Rav S'chorah Amar Rav Huna learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Hon me'Hevel Yim'at, ve'Kovetz al Yad Yirbeh" regarding the method of learning Torah?

(b) Rava lamented the fact that the Rabbanan were aware of this Limud, yet they chose to ignore it. Who claimed that he practiced it and succeeded in his learning?

(c) Rebbi Shizbi in the name of Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah explained the Pasuk in Mishlei "Lo Yachroch, Remiyah Tzeido".
How did he interpret ...

  1. ... "Remiyah Tzeido"?
  2. ... "Lo Yachroch"? What is it the acronym of?
(d) When Rav Dimi arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he Darshened the Pasuk quite differently, in rhetoric form.
How did he explain it?

(e) What Mashal did he give to illustrate it?

(a) The Pasuk in Tehilim (currently under discussion) continues "Ve'hayah ke'Eitz Shasul al Palgei Mayim".
Why does it use the word "Shasul" and not "Natu'a"?

(b) What does de'Bei Rebbi Yanai say about someone who only learns from one Rebbe?

(c) What did Rav Chisda tell his Talmidim before teaching them the Meimra of de'Bei Rebbi Yanai?

(d) What actually happened when he taught it to them?

(e) What did Rabah tell Rav Chisda's Talmidim when they came to him? How did he qualify the Meimra of de'Bei Rebbi Yanai?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rebbi Tanchum bar Chanila'i learn from the continuation of the Pasuk "Ve'hayah ke'Eitz Shasul *al Palgei Mayim*"? How should one divide one's learning?

(b) What objection do we raise to the Lashon 'Shenosav'?

(c) How do we amend it?

(a) How does Rava ...
  1. ... explain the Pasuk "Asher Piryo Yiten be'Ito ve'Aleihu Lo Yibol"?
  2. ... correlate this with "Lo Chein ha'Resha'im ki Im ka'Motz Asher Tidfenu Ru'ach"?
(b) How else might we interpret "Piryo Yiten be'Ito"?

(c) If, according to Rebbi Aba Amar Rav Huna Amar Rav, the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ki Rabim Chalalim Hipilah" refers to a Talmid who Paskens (issues rulings) even though he is unqualified to do so, how does he interpret "Va'atzumim Kol Harugehah"?

(d) What are the connotations of "Va'atzumim"?

(a) How old was Rabah when he died?

(b) At what age is a Talmid considered fit to Pasken?

(c) How could Rabah then Pasken in his lifetime?

(a) How does Rav Acha bar Ada Amar Rav (or Rav Acha bar Aba ... Amar Rav) interpret the next phrase in the Pasuk "ve'Aleihu Lo Yibol"? What are the connotations of ''leaves'' (as opposed to 'fruit')?

(b) The Pasuk concludes "ve'Chol Asher Ya'aseh Yatzli'ach".
How does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi correlate this Pasuk and the Pesukim "u'Shemartem es Divrei ha'B'ris ha'Zos ... Lema'an Taskilu es Kol Asher Ta'asun" (in Nitzavim), and "Lo Yamush Seifer ha'Torah ha'Zeh mi'Picha ... Ki Az Tatzli'ach es Derachecha ve'Az Taskil" (in Yehoshua)?

(a) What did Rebbi Alexandri announce when he arrived in town?

(b) What elixir did he offer the people when they came to find out the prescription?

(c) Why can this not mean that a person can attain the greatest heights by going to bed and sleeping all day?

(d) How do we know that "Tov" refers to Torah?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that one must stop building upon reaching the archway of the bathhouse.
What do we ask on Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Yochanan, who allows the builder to receive payment for his work, in the event that he did build it?

(b) And this Kashya goes both according to Rebbi Akiva and Rebbi Yishmael.
What is the subject of their dispute?

(c) Rebbi Yirmiyah therefore establishes the case with regard to the Avodah-Zarah itself.
On what grounds would it then be permitted? In which case would it in any case be forbidden?

(d) What problem do we have with this explanation?

(a) Rabah bar Ula finally establishes the case with regard to payment for the last hammer-blow.
Why is it permitted?

(b) What is then the Chidush? Why might we have thought that it should be forbidden?

(c) Our Mishnah forbids manufacturing various types of rings as ornaments for Avodah-Zarah.
Why do we erase the wording 'Rebbi Eliezer Omer bi'Sechar Mutar'?

(d) The Tana Kama forbids selling to Nochrim whatever is joined to the ground, but permits whatever has been detached.
From which Pasuk in Va'eschanan does the Tana learn this?

(e) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

Answers to questions

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