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Avodah Zarah 22

AVODAH ZARAH 22 - Today's Daf has been dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Rav Shalom ben Aryeh Leibush (Fogel), by Keren Tzidkas Shalom. D.A.F. is grateful for their assistance in our Harbatzas Torah.


(a) We just concluded that Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar forbids renting a Kuti a field over Chol ha'Moed, because he will work it on Chol ha'Mo'ed. What problem do we have with this from the reason given by Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar himself 'Mipnei she'Nikreis al Sh'mo ... '.
What ought the Beraisa to have said?

(b) How do we answer the Kashya? How do we in fact reconcile the two reasons?

(a) In the case of a syndicate of gardeners of safran consisting of Jews and Nochrim, the latter worked on Shabbos, the latter, on Sunday.
What did Rava say about that arrangement?

(b) Ravina queried Rava from a Beraisa however.
What does the Beraisa say about a Yisrael and a Nochri who received a field in partnership ba'Arisus, and who ultimately want to come to an arrangement that the Nochri takes his due from the work that he did on Shabbos, and the Yisrael, on Sunday?

(c) What does 've'Im Ba'u be'Cheshbon, Asur', mean?

(a) Under which circumstances would an arrangement by which the Nochri receives his due from the produce of Shabbos, and the Yisrael, from the produce of Sunday be permitted?

(b) Initially, when Ravina asked Rava this Kashya, he was embarrassed. What did he eventually discover that put his mind at ease?

(a) According to Rav Gevihah from Bei Kasil, the case of the syndicate of gardeners was not a question of Shabbos and Sunday at all.
Then what was it?

(b) What problem do we have with this version, assuming that Ravina cited the Beraisa to Rava?

(c) Then why did Ravina cite it?

(d) And how will we explain Rava's embarrassment?

(a) We ask what the Din will be in a case where the Yisrael and the Nochri did not make any conditions.
How do we ...
  1. ... try to resolve the She'eilah from the Reisha 'Im Hisnu mi'Techilah Mutar'?
  2. ... counter this proof from the Seifa 'Im Ba'u le'Cheshbon, Asur'?
(b) So what do we conclude from the Mishnah?
***** Hadran Alach 'Lifnei Eidehen' *****

***** Perek Ein Ma'amidin' *****


(a) We have already discussed our Mishnah 'Ein Ma'amidin Beheimah be'Pundeka'os shel Ovdei-Kochavim ... '.
What reason does the Tana give for this prohibition?

(b) The Tana forbids both a woman and a man to be alone with a Nochri.
Why ...

  1. ... a woman?
  2. ... a man?
Answers to questions



(a) What does the Beraisa say about buying an animal from a Nochri to bring as a Korban?

(b) Why are we not afraid that it was ...

  1. ... a Muktzah or that it had actually been worshipped? What does 'Muktzah' mean?
  2. ... a Rovei'a or a Nirva?
(c) This reason explains why one may not buy a female animal from them.
What reason does Rav Kahana give as regards buying a male animal?
(a) We ask why another Beraisa then permits purchasing an animal from a Nochri shepherd.
What is the basis of the Kashya? Why might a shepherd be any different than the owner?

(b) What do we answer?

(c) Why does yet another Beraisa forbid handing a Nochri shepherd an animal to look after?

(d) How do we reconcile this with the previous Beraisa which explained how the shepherd is afraid that he will lose his wages? Why then, is he not afraid in this case, too?

(a) This is the source, says Rabah, of a famous folk-saying.
What is the meaning of ...
  1. ... 'Micht'va Gelala Baza'?
  2. ... 'Rigla be'Chavreih Yada'?
(b) Why do we think purchasing a male animal from a Nochris might be forbidden?

(c) Why is it in fact, permitted?

(a) What does Rav Yosef quoting a Beraisa, say about an Almanah keeping a dog or boarding a Talmid-Chacham?

(b) What problem does this create with regard to the previous Halachah (permitting the purchase of an animal from a Nochris)?

(c) Why is the problem confined to the case of the dog, and not to that of the Talmid-Chacham?

(d) How do we answer the Kashya from the dog?

(a) We cited a Beraisa in the first Perek that even forbids leaving female animals with Nochri women.
What reason does Mar Ukva bar Chama give for this?

(b) This fear might even apply, he adds, if the visiting 'friend' does find the hostess at home.
Why is that?

(c) Mar's statement is based on a statement by Rebbi Yochanan.
What did Rebbi Yochanan say that distinguishes a Yisrael (and apparently his animals too) from a Nochri in this regard?

(a) Does the above prohibition also extend to the animal of a Ger (see Tosfos DH 'Ovdei-Kochavim')?

(b) We also ask whether it applies to leaving birds with a Nochri, and we answer with a couple of stories.
What did Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel quote Rebbi Chanina as having seen a Nochri do with a goose that he purchased from the market?

(c) And what did Rebbi Yirmiyah from Difti attest to having seen a Nochri do with a vegetable that he purchased from the market?

Answers to questions

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