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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Avodah Zarah 32

AVODAH ZARAH 32 - dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Esther (bas Moshe) Farber of Riverdale, NY, who passed away on 13 Shevat 5763, in honor of the Hakamas Matzevah. A descendant of the Chasam Sofer, Esther was a courageous woman, clinging strongly to her heritage despite personal tragedies, who affected the lives of many students and friends.


(a) One of the Isurei Hana'ah listed in our Mishnah is Hadrianic earthenware.
How does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel explain this?

(b) When Rav Dimi arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he supplied the details.
What did they do with ...

  1. ... the virgin soil that was used for this project?
  2. ... the wine?
(c) What did they then do with the casks?

(d) What did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, in praise of the quality of that wine, say about our 'first' wine?

(a) We ask whether one is permitted to use those pieces of earthenware to support the legs of one's bed.
What exactly is the She'eilah? Seeing as they are Asur be'Hana'ah, why might they nevertheless be permitted?

(b) We conclude that this is in fact, a Machlokes Amora'im.
Which Amora'im argue over this point?

(c) We ask on the one who permits it from a Beraisa.
What does the Tana say about small earthenware jars and leather flasks which belong to Nochrim, but which contain the wine of a Yisre'elim?

(d) What did Rebbi Shimon ben Guda testify before the son of Raban Gamliel about Raban Gamliel.
What did Raban Gamliel do in Acco (with the wine [though the Chachamim did not agree with him])?

(a) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel quoting Rebbi Yehoshua ben Kefusa'i, say about adapting leather wine flasks to use as pack-saddles for one's donkey?

(b) What do we now ask from this Beraisa on the one who permits using the pieces of clay as bed-supports?

(c) We counter this with the accepted practice of purchasing clay jars from Nochrim (to use as water containers [Ritva]).
How do we then explain the Beraisa, which prohibits adapting leather flasks for use as pack-saddles?

(d) On the other and, how will the Amora who forbids using the earthenware pieces as bed-supports, explain the Heter to purchase an earthenware jar from a Nochri?

4) Another version of Shimon ben Guda's testimony in front of Raban Gamliel's son, concludes with 've'Hodu Lo'.
Besides suggesting that it was Raban Gamliel's son who conceded to his father and Raban Gamliel's colleagues who did not, how else might we resolve the discrepancy between the two Beraisos?


(a) Our Mishnah includes Oros Levuvin among the Isurei Hana'ah.
Besides a tear in the flesh next to the heart and a round hole in the skin that covered it, what other condition does the Beraisa require for the skin to be forbidden?

(b) Why is that?

(c) In which case does Rav Huna declare the skin Asur anyway?

Answers to questions



(a) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel requires the hole to be round, as we learned in our Mishnah.
What objection did Abaye raise, when Rav Yosef Amar Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel ruled like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel?

(b) What did he reply when Rav Yosef asked him what difference it made whether the Rabbanan argued or not?

(a) Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan establishes our Mishnah, which permits flesh that enters the domain of Avodas-Kochavim (before it has actually been sacrificed) not like Rebbi Eliezer.
Why is that? What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(b) On the other hand, even our Tana forbids flesh that leaves the domain of Avodas Kochavim, because he considers it 'Zivchei Meisim'.
What are the ramifications of this title? What level of Tum'ah does it suggest?

(c) We therefore establish the author as Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira.
What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira (in a Beraisa) learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Va'yitzamdu Yisrael le'Ba'al Pe'or Va'yochlu Zivchei Meisim"?

(a) Our Mishnah forbids doing business with someone who is about to leave for 'Tarfus', but permits it upon his return.
Shmuel establishes this by a Nochri.
What does he say about doing business with a *Yisrael* who ...
  1. ... is about to leave for 'Tarfus'?
  2. ... has just returned from there?
(b) How does Rav Ashi reconcile Shmuel's ruling with the Beraisa forbidding business even with a Yisrael who is about to leave?

(c) How does Resh Lakish qualify the Seifa of the Mishnah permitting doing business with a Nochri who returns from 'Tarfus'?

Answers to questions

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