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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Avodah Zarah 37


(a) What was Rebbi Simla'i to Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah?

(b) What did he reply when the latter, who was leaning on him, once asked him whether he had been in the Beis-Hamedrash on the previous day when they had rescinded the decree on Nochri oil?

(c) What did Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah reply? Why was that not possible?

(d) And he based this on Yossi ben Yo'ezer Ish Tzereidah, whom they gave the title 'Yosef Sharya' for that very reason.
How many things, that were hitherto considered Asur, must one permit, to earn the title 'Sharya?

(a) Yossi ben Yo'ezer permitted eating a locust by the name of 'Ayil Kamtza'.
What did he further rule about the liquids (i.e. the water and the wine) in the Beis ha'Shechitah in the Azarah?

(b) What was his third ruling (the one that earned him his title [though it is not yet clear what he meant])?

(c) What did Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah reply when Rebbi Simla'i pointed out that he (Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah) had only permitted one thing to date, so that, even if he were to permit Nochri bread, he would not earn himself the title of 'Sharya'?

(a) That second leniency involved a man who gave his wife a Get on the express condition that he did not return from a trip within twelve months, and then died during those twelve months.
What did the Rabbanan rule in such a case?

(b) We learned in connection with that Beraisa 've'Raboseinu Hitiruhah Linasei'.
To whom does 'Raboseinu' refer?

(c) Did his colleagues ever agree with him?

(a) In fact, Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah holds like Rebbi Yossi.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(b) Rebbi Elazar asked that old sage whether Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah permitted the woman to marry immediately or only after twelve months (when at least the dead husband's condition had been met). He retorted with the question why he did not ask him directly on the Mishnah in Gitin.
Which Mishnah?
What does the Mishnah say?

(c) What did Rebbi Elazar answer to that?

(a) According to Abaye, Rebbi Yossi and the Chachamim argue specifically about the case in hand ('Harei Zeh Gitech Im Lo Ba'si' ... ').
What will then be the Din in a case where the husband died after saying 'Harei Zeh Gitech ...
  1. ... le'che'she'Teitzei Chamah mi'Nartikah' (meaning tomorrow morning)?
  2. ... al-M'nas she'Teitzei Chamah mi'Nartikah'?
(b) The source of this latter ruling is a statement by Rav Huna.
What did Rav Huna say about someone who says 'al-M'nas'?

(c) In the case of 'Harei Zeh Gitech le'che'she'Teitzei Chamah mi'Nartikah', why is the woman not divorced according to Rebbi Yossi? Why does he not apply the principle 'Z'mano shel Sh'tar Mochi'ach Alav'?

(a) Rav Papa translates the Ayil Kamtza that Yossi ben Yo'ezer permitted as 'Shushiva'.
What is unusual about a Shushiva?

(b) The Torah lists four Kasher locusts (none of which have a long head but) which all of which have four legs and four wings.
Which other two features do they all share?

(c) What is now the basis of the Machlokes between Yossi ben Yo'ezer and the Rabbanan (who consider the Shushiva a non-Kasher species of locusts)?

(a) Rav Chiya bar Ami in the name of Ula translates the Ayil Kamtza that Yossi ben Yo'ezer permits as 'Susvil'.
What does he hold with regard to a Shushiva?

(b) Seeing as the special feature of Susvil is that its wings are not as long as those of the four that the Torah specifies, what is then the basis of the Machlokes Tana'im?

(c) On what grounds do we erase the wording 've'Karsulin Chofin es Rubo'?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rav mean when he explains that when Yossi ben Yo'ezer's rules 'Mashkeh bei Mitbachaya Dachan', he means 'Dachan Mamash'?

(b) What does Shmuel say?

(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(d) How will Rav explain the Pasuk in Shemini 've'Chol Mashkeh Asher Yishaseh Yitma"?

(a) What two problems do we have with Yossi ben Yo'ezer's third ruling 've'al de'Yikrav le'Misah, Mesa'av'?

(b) What objection do we raise to the suggestion that Yossi ben Yo'ezer is referring to someone who touches a Tamei Meis ('Yikrav be'de'Yikrav), which the Rabbanan decreed, but which *he* declared Tahor?

(c) What is Tum'ah be'Chiburin? What stringency does it possess?

(d) Based on this premise, how did the Rabbanan quoting Mar Zutra b'rei de'Rav Nachman in the name of his father, establish the Machlokes in front of Rava?

(a) Based on the Pasuk in Chukas "ha'Noge'a be'Meis le'Chol Nefesh Adam ve'Tamei Shiv'as Yamim", what do we learn from the Pasuk there ...
  1. ... "ve'Chol Asher Yiga Bo ha'Tamei Yitma"?
  2. ... "ve'ha'Nefesh ha'Noga'as Titma ad ha'Erev"?
(b) What did Rava mean when he said 'Lo Tislu Bei Buki S'riki be'de'Rav Nachman'?

(c) So how does Rava then quote Rav Nachman, to explain the Machlokes between Yossi ben Yo'ezer and the Rabbanan?

(a) How do we deal with the problem that Safek Tum'ah bi'Reshus ha'Rabim is a Halachah that we learn from Sotah (so how can we brand Yossi ben Yo'ezer as 'Yossi Sharya')? In fact, how can the Rabbanan say otherwise?

(b) How do we know that the Dinim of Sotah are confined to a Reshus ha'Yachid?

(c) And we prove this from a Beraisa.
What does Rebbi Yehudah quote Yossi ben Yo'ezer as having done as he issued this ruling?

(d) What did Rebbi Yanai rule with regard to cases of Safek Tum'ah bi'Reshus ha'Rabim that came before him?

(a) Rebbi Yochanan tries to base the Isur of eating food cooked by a Nochri on the Pasuk in Devarim "Ochel ba'Kesef Tashbireini ... u'Mayim ba'Kesef Titen Li ... ".
How does he extrapolate this Isur from there?

(b) We refute this D'rashah however, from a Beraisa.
What does the Tana say there about roasted kernels of wheat that one purchases from Nochrim, that clashes with Rebbi Yochanan's D'rashah?

(c) How do we adjust the D'rashah to accommodate the Heter of roasted wheat-kernels?

(d) We refute this D'rashah too, based on a Beraisa concerning wheat products.
What does the Tana say there about purchasing wheat products from Nochrim that still clashes with Rebbi Yochanan's D'rashah?

(a) And on what grounds do we refute the D'rashah that compares the food that they purchased from Nochrim to water, inasmuch as it had not been changed by fire?

(b) So what is the source of the prohibition of cooked food?

(c) Then why does Rebbi Yochanan quote the Pasuk?

Answers to questions

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