REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 40
AVODAH ZARAH 40 (20 Nisan) - Today's Daf has been sponsored by Martin Fogel
of Carlsbad, California in memory of his father, Yaakov ben Shlomo Fogel, on
the day of his Yahrzeit.
(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa consider not mashed regarding the Din
of 'T'ris she'Einah Terufah'?
(b) The Beraisa also defines 'Tzir she'Yesh Bah Dagah, as when one or two
Kilbiyos are floating in it. If one Kilbis is sufficient, why does the Tana
then need to add 'or two'?
(c) Rav Huna interprets the earlier Beraisa 'Kol she'Rosh ve'Shedrah Nikar
What does Rav Nachman say?
(a) How does Abaye reconcile what we just learned with the Mishnah in
Chulin, which gives the Si'man for fish as fins and scales, which seemingly
precludes the Simanim in our Mishnah? What are 'Ar'a and 'Palmuda'?
(b) How does Rav Yehudah in the name of Ula qualify this Machlokes? What
would be the Din if the T'ris was whole?
(c) When Rebbi Zeira heard this, what did he stop doing?
(d) On what grounds had he previously eaten them with one Siman?
(a) What additional Chumra does Rav Papa add with regard to the Si'man of
the head and the backbone?
(b) What does the Beraisa say about pieces of fish where even one in a
hundred has a Si'man?
(c) What did Raban Shimon ben Gamliel rule when a Nochri brought him a dish
full of pieces of fish, of which he discovered one to have the Simanim?
(d) How does Rav Papa reconcile his own ruling with this Beraisa?
(e) Then what is the Chidush?
(a) What did Rav Huna bar Chin'na rule when a ship-load of fish-juice
arrived in Sichra, in which he saw scales floating?
(b) What problem did Rava have with this ruling (see Tosfos DH 've'Chaza
(c) What happened next?
(a) Rebbi Yirmiyah from Difti cited Rav Papi, who told him that Rav Huna bar
Chin'na only permitted the above case with regard to juice, but not with
regard to the fish themselves.
What did Rav Ashi citing Rav Papa, say?
(b) As a result of Rav Papa's statement, Rav Ashi declined to forbid the
pieces of fish that were on the boat.
Why did he also decline to declare
(c) What did Rav Chin'na bar Idi say in front of Rav Ada bar Ahavah with
regard to a Nochri who brought in a small boat-load of barrels in one of
which they found Kilbis, assuming the barrels were ...
(d) What is the reason for the first of the two rulings?
- ... open?
- ... shut?
(e) From which three great Chachamim did Rav Chin'na bar Idi hear this
(a) What did Rav B'runa (or Rav Kahana) Amar Rav rule with regard to the
purchase of fish-innards and fish-eggs?
(b) What distinction does the Beraisa draw between the way a non-Kasher fish
and a Kasher fish give birth to their young?
(c) What Kashya did this Beraisa cause Ula to ask Rav Dusta'i from Biri on
Rav's previous ruling? What did Ula extrapolate from there?
(d) What did Rav Dusta'i from Biri reply?
(e) How did Rebbi Zeira explain the Beraisa to reconcile it with Rav,
without erasing 'Ubran'?
(a) What objection do we raise to the wording of the Beraisa 'ke'Simnei
Beitzim Kach Simnei Dagim'?
(b) So how do we amend the end of the statement ('Kach Simnei Dagim')?
(c) How can one distinguish between a Kasher egg and a non-Kasher one ...
(d) And how would one recognize the egg of a Sheretz?
- ... by its shape?
- ... by the positioning of its white and yoke?
(a) In light of these Simanim, how does Rava explain the need to purchase
Ubrei Dagim specifically from experts? Why can not simply look for the
Answers to questions
(b) How will Rav Dusta'i from Biri (who erased 'Ubrei Dagim' from the text)
now explain 'Kach Simnei Ubrei Dagim'?
(a) In the event that there is no 'Mumcheh', one may nevertheless purchase
fish-innards and eggs from someone who declares that he salted them. What
must he add to that?
(b) This is the opinion of Rav Yehudah.
What does Rav Nachman say?
(c) What did Rav Yehudah indicate to Ada Dayla? What does 'Dayla' mean?
(a) Why does the Tana find it necessary to permit the purchase of ...
(b) Rebbi Yossi forbids Shalachin.
- ... whole leaves of Chiltis from a Nochri? Why is this not obvious?
- ... 'Zeisei Gluska'os ha'Megulgalin'?
How does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina
(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa say about locusts, flowers of a
caper-bush and leek with heads that come straight from a store, the place
where they are piled or from the ship?
(b) Why are leeks with heads not forbidden because of Bishul Akum?
(c) Under which circumstances may one not purchase any of the above from a
(d) And what does the Tana say about purchasing apple-cider from Nochrim?
(a) What did Rebbi once ask when he suffered from stomach-ache?
(b) Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi cited an incident that occurred with his
father, when he too suffered from the same ailment.
What did they bring
him? Did it work?
(c) Rebbi reprimanded him for hiding such important information from him up
to that moment.
What happened next?
(d) What B'rachah did he recite (presumably without Shem and Malchus)?
(a) Our Mishnah concludes 've'Chein li'Terumah'.
***** Hadran Alach 'Ein Ma'amidin *****
How does Rav Sheishes
(b) What is the reason for the leniency when buying from him from the
***** Perek Kol ha'Tzelamim *****
(a) Why does Rebbi Meir render all images Asur be'Hana'ah?
(b) According to the Chachamim, they are only forbidden if they are holding
one of three things. Two of them are a stick and a bird.
What is the
(c) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?
(d) We ask that if all idols were served once a year, why the Chachamim
How do we know that the Chachamim concur with Rebbi Meir
in that point?
(a) How does Rebbi Yitzchak bar Yosef Amar Rebbi Yochanan explains the
Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and the Chachamim?
Answers to questions
(b) How does this explain why Rebbi Meir forbids all empty-handed images?
(c) Would Rebbi Meir forbid *any* image that they would worship?
(d) Where are the prohibited images placed, according to Rabah bar bar