REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 51
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, someone who Shechts a locust to an
Avodah-Zarah (even one that is not normally worshipped in that way [see
Tosfos DH 'Chayav']), is Chayav. What do the Chachamim say?
(b) Based on what we just learned, how do we initially attempt to explain
(c) And what leads us to believe that Rebbi Yehudah concurs with Rav Yehudah
Amar Rav's ruling in the case of someone who breaks a stick in front of an
Avodah-Zarah ... ?
(d) We reject this suggestion however, inasmuch as even Rebbi Yehudah might
well require 'ke'Ein P'nim' (in which case even he will exempt a case of
someone who breaks a stick).
On what grounds then, does he hold Chayav in
the case of a locust, despite the fact that locusts are not subject to
(a) Rav Nachman Amar ... Rav concurs with the ruling of Rav Yehudah Amar Rav
with regard to breaking a stick. He concludes however, that one is also
Chayav for throwing it. He rules differently than Rav Yehudah in this point?
Does this mean that he disagrees with him?
(b) What dimension does he add to both cases?
(c) Seeing as it is similar to Zerikah, Rava asked Rav Nachman, why if he
throws the stick, it does not become Asur.
What was Rav Nachman's reply?
(a) What did Rava then ask Rav Nachman from the stones of Beis Markulis?
(b) Rav Nachman himself had the same problem, which he out to Rabah bar
Avuhah, who in turn, asked Rebbi Chiya bar Rav, who asked his father.
did Rav reply?
(c) And what did Rav Nachman explain to Rava when he queried this ...
(d) Rav Ashi goes one step further.
- ... from the Tana who holds that the Avodah-Zarah of a Nochri does not become Asur be'Hana'ah until it has been worshipped (which the stone that one throws at Markulis does not seem to have been)?
- ... from the last stone, which has certainly not yet been worshipped?
How does he explain why even the last
stone is Asur, too?
(e) Why do we not then say the same S'vara regarding the stick that one
threw in front of the Avodah-Zarah?
(a) What will the next Mishnah say about finding on the head of an
(b) What problem do we have with bunches of grapes and garlands of wheat?
- ... garments, money or vessels?
- ... bunches of grapes, garlands of wheat, or wine, oil or flour?
(c) How does Rava Amar Ula establish the case to solve the problem?
(a) What does Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in
Mishpatim "Zove'ach la'Elohim Yochoram, Bilti la'Hashem Levado" (with regard
to Shechting a blemished animal to Avodah-Zarah)?
(b) How does Rava prove that Rebbi Yochanan cannot be speaking about a
cataract on the eye (or some similar external blemish)?
(c) So we establish it based on Rebbi Elazar's D'rashah.
What does Rebbi
Elazar learn from the Pasuk in No'ach "u'mi'Kol ha'Chai mi'Kol Basar,
(d) Then what do we learn from the Pasuk there "Le'chayos Zera"?
(a) What do we learn from the word (there) "Itcha"?
(b) If T'reifah animals were precluded from entering No'ach's Teivah from
"Le'chayos Zera", why do we need the Pasuk "Itach" to preclude them?
(c) What do we learn from the word ...
- ... "Tamim"?
- ... "Tzadik"?
(a) From where do we know that No'ach himself was not a T'reifah?
Answers to questions
(b) Now that we preclude T'reifah animals from "Itach", why do we need
(c) What would we otherwise have thought?
(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "ve'Lo
Yizbechu Od es Zivcheihem la'Se'irim"?
(b) How do we know that this Pasuk is not needed to teach us the prohibition
of Shechting for an Avodah-Zarah that is worshipped in this way?
(a) The Pesukim prior to the one under discussion are referring to the Isur
of Shechutei Chutz ("ve'el Pesach Lo Hevi'o ... ").
What is 'Shechutei
Chutz'? What punishment is it subject to?
(b) What does the Pasuk in Re'ei "Hishamer Lecha Pen Ta'aleh Olosecha
be'Chol Makom ... "?
(c) What do we then learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos ...
(d) Seeing as we need the Pasuk "ve'Lo Yizbechu Od es Zivcheihem" for the
current D'rashah, how can Rebbi Elazar use it to obligate someone who
Shechts an animal to Markulis?
- ... "Lema'an Asher Yavi'u B'nei Yisrael es Zivcheihem Asher Heim Zovchim al-P'nei ha'Sadeh ... Ve'hevi'um la'Hashem"?
- ... "ve'Lo Yizbechu Od es Zivcheihem"?
- ... Chukas Olam le'Doroseichem"?
(a) We already discussed our Mishnah ('Matza be'Rosho Ma'os ... ') on the
What does the Tana conclude regarding anything that one
finds on the head of the Avodah-Zarah that is eligible to go on the
(b) Rebbi Chiya bar Yosef Amar Rebbi Oshaya states 'Imahem (the first Pasuk)
Dumya de'Aleihem (the second Pasuk)'.
(c) What does he now mean with his statement?
- ... is the significance of the two terms
- ... distinction does the Torah make between them?
(d) Why did Rebbi Oshaya not Darshen the other way round 'Aleihem Dumya
de'Imahem' (to forbid even silver and gold that are not ornamental)?
(e) How do we explain the fact that the Tana categorizes as non ornamental
- ... money?
- ... clothes?
- ... a vessel?
(a) Rav Asi bar Chiya qualifies the above D'rashah of 'Imahem Dumya
de'Aleihem', by confining 'Imahem' to what is found outside the Kilkelin.
Why is that? What is 'Kilkelin?
(b) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina adds that Pe'or and Markulis are not subject
to the distinction of 'Kilkelin'.
Why can he not mean that even within the
curtain has the same Din as without?
(c) Then what *does* he mean?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about an Avodas-Kochavim in front of which
there is a garden or a bathhouse ...
(b) The Tana forbids the Avodah-Zarah of a Nochri the moment it is made.
- ... that belongs to the Avodah-Zarah exclusively?
- ... that belongs to others as well?
What does he say about the Avodah-Zarah of a Yisrael?
(a) How does Abaye explain 'Nehenin Meihen *she'Lo be'Tovah* ve'Ein Nehenin
Meihen *be'Tovah*' (in our Mishnah, regarding a garden belonging to an
(b) What does this come to preclude?
(c) Others learn Abaye's statement on the Seifa 'Hayah she'Lah ve'Shel
How does Abaye then interpret ...
(d) In which point does the first Lashon disagree with the second?
- ... 'Nehenin Meihen be'Tovah'?
- ... 've'she'Lo be'Tovah'?
(a) The author of our Mishnah which forbids the Avodah-Zarah of a Nochri the
moment it is made, is Rebbi Akiva in a Beraisa.
What does Rebbi Yishmael
there learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei ...
(b) What does he conclude from all this?
- ... "Abeid Te'abdun es Kol ha'Makomos"?
- ... "Asher Avdu Sham ha'Goyim"?
(c) And he goes on to forbid the Avodah-Zarah of a Yisrael immediately.
What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(a) Bearing in mind Rebbi Yishmael's source in Re'ei, what problem do we
have from the fact that his initial ruling concerns vessels with which they
Answers to questions
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk there "Eloheihem al he'Harim"? How does
that solve our problem?
(c) Rebbi Yishmael then concludes 'mi'Ka'an Amru Avodas Kochavim shel
Oveid-Kochavim Asurah Miyad'.
What problem do we now have with that?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk (also in Re'ei) "Asher Atem Yorshim Osam
es Eloheihem"? How does that solve the problem?