REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 54
(a) What does the Beraisa say about Reuven's animal that is worshipped? When
is it forbidden and when is it permitted?
(b) We learned in another Beraisa 'Eizehu Ne'evad, Kol she'Ovdim Osah Bein
be'Shogeg, Bein be'Meizid, Bein be'Ones u'Bein be'Ratzon'.
In view of the
previous Beraisa, how does Rami bar Chama interpret 'Bein be'Ones'?
(c) From which Pasuk in Ki Seitzei does Rebbi Zeira query Rami bar Chama's
(d) Rava solves the problem by reconciling two Pesukim.
How does he
establish the Pasuk in Emor ...
- ... "va'Chai Bahem"?
- ... "ve'Lo Sechalelu es Sheim Kodshi"? How does this answer the Kashya?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about Bimsi'os of Nochrim (on which Yisre'elim
were forced by decree to sacrifice), following the nullification of the
(b) How does Rava himself refute the proof from here for his previous ruling
(regarding 'O'nes be'Farhesya')?
(c) Rav Ashi goes even further than Rava.
What does *he* say?
(a) Chizkiyah establishes 'Bein be'Ones' in the Beraisa to mean that someone
else performed an act of worship on his animal against his will.
case will the animal become Asur, despite the fact that the animal was
worshipped against the will of the owner?
(b) What did Rav Ada bar Ahavah mean when he asked on this 'Hai Ne'evad Hu?
Hai Bimus be'Alma Hu'?
(c) So how did Rav Ada bar Ahavah amend Chizkiyah's interpretation of 'Bein
(d) And he supports this explanation with a statement of Ula Amar Rebbi
What did Ula quote Rebbi Yochanan as saying (when he came from
Eretz Yisrael), despite the fact that if Reuven prostrates himself before
Shimon's animal, he does not render it Asur? In which case would he render
(a) What did Rav Nachman announce? What did he want someone to report to
Answers to questions
(b) What did Rav Huna in fact, say about a case where Shimon's animal was
crouching in front of an image?
(c) Why can we not learn this from ...
(d) So from where did Rav Huna derive his ruling?
- ... the Pasuk in Yechezkel forbidding Kohanim who had been forced to serve as priests for Avodah-Zarah, to serve any more in the Beis-Hamikdash?
- ... the stones of the Mizbe'ach, which the Chashmona'im hid, because the Greeks had worshipped them?
(e) Why do we not apply the principle 'Ein Adam Oser Davar she'Eino she'Lo'
to the vessels?
(a) When Rav Dimi arrived from Eretz Yisrael, what did he quote Rebbi
Yochanan as saying, based on the fact that someone who prostrates himelf
before Karka *does not* render it Asur? What does he say that one can do
(b) When Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah arrived from Eretz Yisrael, what did he
quote Rebbi Yochanan as saying, with regard to an animal that someone
exchanged for an Avodah-Zarah?
(c) And when Ravin came from Eretz Yisrael, he cited a Machlokes between
Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi and the Rabbanan with regard to Chalipei
Chalipin of Avodah-Zarah.
What does one of them learn from the Pasuk in
(d) What does the first Tana then learn from "Hu"? What does it come to
preclude, if not Chalipei Chalipin of Avodah-Zarah?
- ... "*Vehayisa* Cheirem Kamohu"?
- ... "Ki Cheirem *Hu*"?
(a) The Tana who learns Chalipei Chalipin from "Hu" claims that we do not
require a Pasuk to preclude Chalipei Orlah and K'lai ha'Kerem, because we
already know it from Avodah-Zarah and Shevi'is.
How would we learn that
(b) What do we learn from ...
(c) What will the Din then be if someone swaps Sh'mitah fruit ...
- ... the Pasuk in Behar "Ki Yovel Hi, Kodesh Tih'yeh Lachem"?
- ... the word "Tih'yeh"? In what way is Shevi'is more stringent than Kodesh?
(d) On what grounds does the Tana who requires "Hu" to preclude Chalipei
Orlah and K'lai ha'Kerem argue with the Tana who learns this from 'Sh'nei
Kesuvin ha'Ba'im ke'Echad' (from Avodah-Zarah and Shevi'is)?
- ... for a piece of meat?
- ... for a piece of meat, the piece of meat for a fish, the fish for a bottle of wine and the bottle of wine for a bottle of oil?
(a) What did the elders reply when the Romans asked them why, if Hashem does
not want idolatry, He does not ...
(b) What nuance does the Beraisa (quoting the elders) add to this?
- ... destroy them?
- ... at least destroy those idols that the world does not need?
(c) What parable does the Beraisa then add, based on someone who ...
(d) What did Resh Lakish comment on this final point?
- ... steals a Sa'ah of wheat and plants it in the ground?
- ... someone who commits adultery with another man's wife?
(a) What did a philosopher ask Raban Gamliel, based on the Pasuk in
Va'eschanan "Ki Hashem Elokecha Eish Ochlah Hu"?
(b) What parable did he give in reply, regarding a prince who called his dog
after his father?
(c) Why did the philosopher become angry with Raban Gamliel?
(d) What episode did he relate to prove that his god was genuine?
(a) How did Raban Gamliel respond to the philosopher's tale?
Answers to questions
(b) The philosopher, horrified at now hearing his god referred to as a
corpse as well, asked Raban Gamliel why Hashem did not then destroy it from
What did he reply?
(c) What additional point did he make that our Mishnah and the Beraisa did