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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Avodah Zarah 55

AVODAH ZARAH 55 (5 Iyar 5763) - Dedicated by Marsha and Lee Weinblatt of Teaneck, New Jersey. May they see much Nachas from all of their children and grandchildren, and may we soon merit to see the return of Hashem to Zion!


(a) Agripas asked Raban Gamliel a Kashya in connection with the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "Ki Hashem Elokecha Eish Ochlah Hu, Keil Kana".
Who was Agripas? What did he ask Raban Gamliel?

(b) How did Raban Gamliel answer him (with a Mashal about a man who marries a second wife)?

(a) What problem did Zonin (who was a Yisrael [see Agados Maharsha]) have with Avodas-Kochavim, which he knew was worthless?

(b) What Mashal did Raban Gamliel give him of the reliable man to whom everyone deposited without witnesses, except for one man who always deposited with witnesses.
What happened on one occasion?

(c) How does this answer Zonin's question?

(d) How does this help us to understand the Pasuk in Ki Savo "va'Chalayim Ra'im *ve'Ne'emanim*"?

(a) What did Rava bar Rav Yitzchak ask Rav Yehudah about the idol in his town? What did it used to do?

(b) What did Rav Yehudah reply, based on the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "Asher Chalak Hashem Elokecha Osam le'Chol ha'Amim"? How does he interpret the word "Chalak"?

(c) This is similar to a D'rashah of Resh Lakish.
What did Resh Lakish Darshen from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Im le'Leitzim Hu Yalitz, ve'La'Anavim Yitein Chein"?

(a) Our Mishnah permits the purchase of a Gas Be'utah from a Nochri.
What is a 'Gas Be'utah'?

(b) Why is there no problem with the fact that the Nochri takes grapes from out of the wine in the trough and carries them to the pile of grapes that are being pressed?

(c) Does the Tana permit merely benefitting from the wine, or even drinking it?

(a) What will be the Din if the Nochri touches the wine in the pit?

(b) What is the advantage of overlaying the wine-pit with lime?

(a) Our Mishnah permits a Yisrael to 'tread' the wine together with the Nochri.
Why is this not forbidden because of ...
  1. ... benefitting from Isurei Hana'ah?
  2. ... causing Eretz Yisrael produce to become Tamei?
  3. ... helping a person to sin?
(b) Why does the Tana then forbid picking the grapes together with the Nochri?

(c) What will be the Din in the above cases with regard to doing these things with a Yisrael who is not particular about Tum'ah?

(d) The Tana does however, permit carrying empty barrels to the wine-press, and full barrels from the wine-press.
What is the reason for this latter leniency?

Answers to questions



(a) What does our Mishnah say about kneading dough and arranging it together with a Jewish baker who is not particular about Tum'ah?

(b) What does the Tana permit?

(a) What does Rav Huna say about wine that has begun to flow into the wine-pit?

(b) What problem do we have with this from our Mishnah 'Lokchin Gas Be'utah ... '?

(c) How does Rav Huna therefore establish ...

  1. ... the Reisha of our Mishnah?
  2. ... the continuation of our Mishnah 'Eino Oseh Yayin Nesech Ad she'Yeired le'Bor'?
  3. ... the Seifa 'Yarad le'Bor, Mah she'be'Bor Asur, ve'ha'Sha'ar Mutar'?
(a) The Mishnah Rishonah said 'Bedad'.
What is 'Bedad' the acronym of?

(b) The Tana is then saying 'Ein Botzrin im ha'Oved-Kochavim be'Gas, ve'Ein Dorchin im Yisrael she'Oseh Peirosav be'Tum'ah' (exactly as we learned in our Mishnah).
What does the second 'Daled' ('Dorchin') come to teach us?

(a) The Mishnah Acharonah learned 'Debab', which means 'Ein Dorchin im ha'Oved-Kochavim be'Gas, ve'Ein Botzrin im Yisrael she'Oseh Peirosav be'Tum'ah, Aval Botzrin im ha'Oved-Kochavim be'Gas.
What does the Tana hold regarding 'Dorchin im Yisrael ... '?

(b) This Tana argues with the Mishnah Rishonah in two points.
What is the reasoning behind his ruling ...

  1. ... 'Ein Dorchin im ha'Akum be'Gas'?
  2. ... 'Aval Botzrin im ha'Akum be Gas'?
(c) If this Tana permits causing Tum'ah to Chulin in Eretz Yisrael, why does he forbid picking the grapes and treading them together with a Yisrael?
Answers to questions

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