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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Avodah Zarah 56

AVODAH ZARAH 56 - Dedicated by Barry Epstein of Dallas, Texas -- may the light of the Torah always illuminate and protect him and his entire family!


(a) The Mishnah in Ma'asros states 'Yayin mi'she'Yikpeh'.
In which regard does the Tana say this?

(b) What does 'mi'she'Yikpeh' mean?

(c) How does Rava reconcile this with our Mishnah, which gives the Shiur for wine as from the time it flows into the wine-pit?

(a) What She'eilah do we ask about 'mi'she'Yikpeh'?
What are the two possibilities?

(b) What does the Mishnah in Ma'asros say about taking wine from the upper wine-press and from the pipe, after the wine has already reached the stage of 'mi'she'Yikpeh'?

(c) How does this resolve our She'eilah?

(a) In another Beraisa quoted by Rav be'de'Bei Rebbi Oshaya, the Tana Kama gives the Shi'ur for Ma'asros as 'mi'she'Yeired le'Bor ve'Yikpeh'.
What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(b) How do we reconcile this with the Machlokes between the Tana Kama and Rebbi Akiva in the earlier Beraisa?

(c) Does this now mean that our Mishnah, which gives the Shi'ur as 'Ad she'Yeired le'Bor' is a third opinion?

(d) What does Rava say about this?

Answers to questions



(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the wine in the wine-pit is Asur, and the rest is permitted. Rav Huna qualifies this, restricting it to where the Nochri did not return the contents of the Gargusni to the wine-press. What is 'Gargusni'?

(b) Why, if he did, would that render the wine in the wine-press Asur?

(c) Why can we not conclude from here that 'Nitzuk Chibur' (a stream is considered joined)?

(d) To avoid having to make such a conclusion, we quote a Beraisa learned by Rebbi Chiya in a slightly different context - 'she'Pachsaso Tzeluchiso'.
How will that read in our case? What does it mean?

(a) How old was the child who learned 'Avodah-Zarah'?

(b) What did he reply when they asked him whether one is permitted to tread the grapes in the wine-press together with a Nochri?

(c) And what did he reply when they asked him why we are not afraid that he will stir the wine (be Menasech to Avodah-Zarah) ...

  1. ... with his hands?
  2. ... with his feet?
(d) What is the problem with treading grapes together with a Nochri, seeing as we learned in our Mishnah that wine is not considered wine until it reaches the wine-pit?
(a) What did Shmuel do regarding the She'eilah in Neherda'a concerning a case where a Yisrael trod wine together with a Nochri?

(b) What was the significance of the three Regalim?

(a) We initially thought that Shmuel was looking (among the participants) for a Posek who ruled like Rebbi Nasan. The Tana Kama of the Beraisa containing Rebbi Nasan's ruling says 'Mad'do Bein be'Yad, Bein be'Regel, Yimacher'.
Why is that?

(b) Rebbi Nasan says 'Asur'.
On what grounds do we reject our initial proposition (that Shmuel was looking for a Posek who ruled like Rebbi Nasan)?

(c) We therefore conclude that Shmuel was looking for a Posek who ruled like Rebbi Shimon.
What does Rebbi Rebbi Shimon say about a Nochri who touched wine without intending to make Nisuch?

(d) What case is Rebbi Shimon talking about?

Answers to questions

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