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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Avodah Zarah 57


(a) What happened in Biram, when a Nochri was descending a palm-tree brandishing a Lulav? What did he do with the Lulav?

(b) What did Rav rule there?

(c) Rav Kahana and Rav Asi queried Rav from his own ruling, forbidding wine that is touched by a day-old Nochri (who certainly did not touch it intentionally).
What was his reply?

(a) What is the Din of an Eved Cana'ani whom one purchased from a Nochri, who subsequently performed Milah but not Tevilah?

(b) In discussing their Halachos, the Beraisa equates B'nei ha'Shefachos with them.
What is the Chidush? Why does the Tana need to teach us this?

(c) What forces us to say that the mothers of the latter group had not Toveled?

(a) The Beraisa cites two opinions whether the spittle of these Avadim and whatever they sat on in the street is Tamei or Tahor.
What is the significance of the word 'ba'Shuk'(in the street)?

(b) Then what is the reason of the opinion that holds Tahor?

(c) What does the Tana then say about the wine that they touch?

(d) How does the Tana define 'Gedolim' and 'Ketanim'?

(a) How do we query Rav from the Din of Ketanim in the Beraisa?

(b) We answer that the distinction between Gedolim and Ketanim pertains exclusively to the B'nei ha'Shefachos (for the reason that we explained earlier [but not to the first case of Avadim Cana'anim that one purchased]).

(c) Then how do we explain 've'Chein' (equating the two cases)?

(d) What problem do we have with this according to the opinion that renders their spittle and what they sat on, Tahor?

(a) So what does 've'Chein B'nei Shefachos' come to teach us according to them?

(b) What is the Chidush? Why might we have thought otherwise?

(c) This comes to preclude the opinion of Rav Nachman Amar Shmuel.
What does Shmuel say about Avadim whom one bought from a Nochri, and who had already made Milah and Tevilah?

(d) What time period does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi translate this into?

Answers to questions



(a) Rava asked Rav Nachman (with regard to Shmuel's ruling, declaring the wine of Nochrim Nesech even after they have performed Milah and Tevilah) from the same Beraisa that we have just been discussing. The Tana, which forbade the Avadim's wine, specifically stated 'Malu ve'Lo Tavlu'.
What was Rava's Kashya on Shmuel?

(b) How did Rav Nachman establish 'Malu ve'Lo Tavlu' to answer the Kashya?

(c) How did he then explain 've'Chein B'nei ha'Shefachos'?

(d) And how did he establish it according to the opinion that holds 'Tahor'?
What did he mean by 'Avadim Dumya di'B'nei Shefachos'?

(e) Whose opinion did this come to preclude?

(a) What happened when a certain Nochri asked a Jewish storekeeper whether he had any wine in stock, and he replied in the negative?

(b) How did the Yisrael react to that?

(c) What did Rava rule with regard to the wine in the barrel?

(d) Rav Huna bar Chin'na and Huna bar Rav Nachman disagreed.
What happened next?

Answers to questions

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