(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Avodah Zarah 61

AVODAH ZARAH 61 (11 Iyar) - dedicated by the Feldman family in memory of their mother, ha'Rabbanit Sara Dvosya bas Rav Mordechai (of Milwaukee).


(a) We already discussed the Seifa of our Mishnah 'ha'Metaher Yeino shel Akum ve'Nosno bi'Reshuso', there where the Nochri writes the Yisrael a receipt in advance of the payment.
Under which two conditions does the Reisha of the Mishnah permit the wine, even where he did not do so?

(b) He also permits it if a Yisrael guards the wine-press. Is the Yisrael obligated to sit and watch the wine-press incessantly?

(c) What problem do we have with our Mishnah, which requires Yisre'elim to specifically live in the town? Why ought the wine to be permitted even if only Nochrim live there?

(d) So Shmuel establishes our Mishnah when the town-gates are kept locked.
How does that answer the Kashya? How will the Nochri know whether a Yisrael is in town or not?

(a) When Rav Yosef compares a window that opens to a Reshus-ha'Rabim, he might mean that the Nochri's house opens out to the Chatzer and there is a corresponding window in the wall between the street and the Chatzer.
What else might he mean?

(b) What else, beside a trash-heap, does Rav Yosef compare to a Reshus ha'Rabim in this regard?

(c) Rav Acha and Ravina argue over a date-palm which has had its top cut off, and there is no fruit to pick.
What is then the reason of the one who nevertheless permits the wine in the wine-press?

Answers to questions



(a) In a case where someone purchases or rents a house in a Chatzer belonging to a Nochri, and he fills it with barrels of wine, what distinction does the Beraisa make between whether a Yisrael lives in the same Chatzer or a neighboring one?

(b) And what does the Beraisa say about a Yisrael who is Metaher the wine of a Nochri in the Nochri's domain, and a Yisrael lives in the same Chatzer as the Nochri?

(c) Why is the Tana more stringent in this case than in the previous one?

(d) What amendment did Rebbi Yochanan suggest to the Beraisa-expert to make here?

(a) And what does the Beraisa rule in the previous case, but where a Yisrael lives in a neighboring Chatzer?

(b) The author of the Beraisa until now is Rebbi Meir.
Why can the Chachamim, who require a Shomer, not be referring to ...

  1. ... this last case?
  2. ... to the Reisha de'Seifa (where the Yisrael lives in the same Chatzer)?
(c) Then which case *do* the Chachamim refer to?
(a) The Beraisa then equates the Din of a Shomer with a 'Memuneh ha'Ba le'Kitzin'.
Why can this not be correct?

(b) Then how do we amend it?

(a) We learned in the Reisha of our Mishnah, ('ha'Metaher Yeino shel Akum ... be'Ir she'Kulah Ovdei-Kochavim'), that the Tana Kama forbids the Yisrael to leave his wine in the Reshus of the Nochri.
What does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar say?

(b) We ask whether he comes to be more lenient than the Tana Kama or more strict? How will the two sides of the She'eilah affect the way we read Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar's statement?

(a) What does ...
  1. ... Rav Yehudah Amar Ze'iri mean when he says that Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar comes to be more lenient?
  2. ... Rav Nachman Amar Ze'iri mean when he says that he comes to be more strict?
(b) What is the reason for being strict? Why might we suspect that Nisuch will take place in a third party's house?

(c) Which opinion has the support of a Beraisa? What does the Tana quote Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar as saying?

(a) Who was Parzak Rufila? What does 'Rufila' mean?

(b) On what basis did ...

  1. ... the Rabbanan think that, when Parzak Rufila's family deposited wine that Jews had purchased on credit, with their Arisim, the wine was permitted, even according to Rav Nachman, who holds 'Gomlin'?
  2. ... Rava disillusion them? Why did he forbid the wine even according to those who don't hold 'Gomlin'?
(c) What did Rava rule with regard to a Nochri who was found among barrels of wine belonging to Jews (see Tosfos DH 'ha'Hu')?

(d) What did Rava mean when he said ...

  1. ... 'Chamra Shari'?
  2. ... 'Chamra Asur'?
***** Hadran Alach, 'Rebbi Yishmael' *****

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,