REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 62
***** Perek ha'Socher es ha'Po'el *****
(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who is hired to work ...
(b) And what does the Tana say about a Nochri who hires a donkey ...
- ... with Yayin Nesech? Who is his employer?
- ... S'tam, and his employer asks him to transport a barrel of Yayin Nesech from one place to another?
(c) What reason do we initially attribute for the prohibition on the
employee to accept his wages?
- ... to transport Yayin Nesech?
- ... to ride on it, if the hirer also places his flask of Yayin Nesech on the donkey's back?
(d) What does the Mishnah in Kidushin say about someone who sells Orlah or
K'lai ha'Kerem and betroths a woman with the proceeds?
(a) So we try to ascribe it to the fact that Yayin Nesech is like
In which respect is Avodas-Kochavim more stringent that
Orlah and K'lai ha'Kerem (that might explain why the employee is not
permitted to take his wages)?
(b) We refute this explanation too however, from a Mishnah in Shevi'is,
whose Kedushah is also transferred on to whatever one swaps it with.
does the Tana say about a case where Reuven gives Shimon a Dinar and says to
him 'L'kot Li ...
(c) What does this prove?
- ... Bo Yerek'?
- ... Yerek'? Why the difference?
(d) What reason does Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Yochanan ultimately give for the
(a) On what else did the Chachamim decree a K'nas at the same time as Yayin
(b) We suggest that, when the Beraisa says 'ha'Chamarin she'Hayu Osin
Melachah be'Peiros Shevi'is, S'charan Shevi'is', the Tana means that their
wages are paid from the fruit of Shevi'is.
In what way, would this be a
(c) Why do we initially reject this explanation? What do we learn from
(d) So we suggest that their wages adopt Kedushas Shevi'is.
grounds do we reject this theory too, based on the Mishnah in Shevi'is that
we cited a little earlier ('ha'Omer le'Po'el')?
(a) Abaye re-establishes our initial explanation, based on a Mishnah in
The Tana there prohibits Reuven from saying to Shimon
'Carry this Ma'aser-Sheini fruit for me to Yerushalayim for a portion in
What is he permitted to say?
(b) Why the difference?
(c) What does this have to do with Shevi'is?
(a) Rava establishes our Mishnah like the second suggestion.
Answers to questions
What is the
basic difference between this case and the case in the earlier Mishnah
'ha'Omer le'Po'el Le'kot Li Yerek ha'Yom'? Why did the Chachamim decree here
but not there?
(b) Then why did they decree in the case of workers who deal with Yayin
(a) The K'nas currently under discussion applies to Yayin Nesech. We now ask
whether it also extends to S'tam Yeinam, whose Isur on the one hand, is
equivalent to that of Yayin Nesech, but whose Tum'ah, on the other, is not.
In what way is ...
(b) We resolve our She'eilah from an episode that occurred with Rav Chisda.
What did Rav Chisda rule in the case where they paid a ship-owner with wheat
to transport a cargo of S'tam Yeinam?
- ... the Isur of S'tam Yeinam equivalent to that of Yayin Nesech?
- ... the Tum'ah of S'tam Yeinam more lenient than that of Yayin Nesech?
(c) Why did he not instruct him to ...
- ... scatter the wheat into the wind?
- ... burn it and scatter it?
- ... just bury it as it was?
(a) What does the Mishnah in Sanhedrin rule with regard to the stone with
which Beis-Din stoned someone who was Chayav Sekilah, and the wooden beam on
which they hanged certain cases of Sekilah afterwards? What did they do with
(b) Which other two items does the Tana include in this list?
(c) What makes that case better than ours (where merely burying is
insufficient, as we just explained)?
(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan comment when they informed him that the family
of Rebbi Yanai would borrow Sh'mitah-fruit, and repay their debt in the
(b) Why did Rebbi Yochanan's informants think that it was Asur?
(c) Then why did Rebbi Yochanan permit it?
(d) What did Rebbi Yochanan add to that with regard to Esnan Zonah?
(a) What problem do we have with the Beraisa (that serves as the basis of
Rebbi Yochanan's latter ruling) ...
(b) So how do we amend the two statements?
- ... 'Nasan Lah ve'Lo Ba Alehah, Esnenah Mutar'?
- ... 'Ba Alehah ve'Lo Nasan Lah, Esnenah Mutar'?
(a) How does Rebbi Elazar establish the Beraisa to answer the Kashya why, in
the first of the two cases, the Esnan does not become Asur from the moment
that he has relations with her?
Answers to questions
(b) What problem do we have with Rebbi Elazar's answer, assuming that he
told her to acquire the animal ...
(c) So how do we establish the case? What did he say to her?
- ... immediately?
- ... only after the Bi'ah? What do we learn from the Pasuk in Bechukosai "ve'Ish Ki Yakdish es Beiso Kodesh"?