(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Avodah Zarah 70

AVODAH ZARAH 69-71 - Three Dafim have been sponsored through the generous grant of an anonymous donor in Flatbush, NY.


(a) What did they discover in a case where a Nochri locked the door of a room that contained wine-barrels belonging to a Yisrael?

(b) What did Rava rule based on the fact that there was a crack in the door?

(c) In a case where a barrel of wine belonging to the Yisrael on the upper floor was stored in the room of a Nochri who lived on the lower floor, what made them all leave the house?

(d) Why did Rava permit the wine, after the Nochri re-entered his apartment and locked the door?

(a) What did Rava rule in a case where they found a Nochri wandering around the barrels of wine belonging to a Yisrael which were stored ...
  1. ... in a Nochri inn?
  2. ... in the owner's house?
(b) Why is this worse than a similar case (which we will learn later) where the Yisrael left the Nochri in his wine store?

(c) What does the Beraisa say about a case where an inn closed or where the owner of a barrel of wine asked the Nochri to look after his wine from the outside? What is the reason for the ruling in the latter case?

(d) How do we reconcile Rava's latest ruling with the Beraisa?

(a) What made the Yisrael leave the room in the case where he was sitting and drinking wine together with a Nochri?

(b) On what grounds did Rava permit the wine?

(c) In all the current cases, what does Rava mean when he ...

  1. ... permits the wine?
  2. ... forbids it?
(a) When a Yisrael was drinking wine together with a Nochri in a boat one Friday afternoon, what made him get up and leave?

(b) On what grounds did Rava permit the wine?

(c) What did Isur Giyora testify?

(d) What problem regarding Rava's ruling does this help us solve?

(e) What mistake did the Nochrim make? What did Rebbi Yitzchak say about someone who finds a purse containing money on Shabbos?

(a) What did that Nochri hear that caused him to hide behind the barrels in the wine-press?

(b) Why did Rava permit the barrels in the wine-press?

(c) When thieves arrived in Pumbedisa and opened many barrels of wine, on what grounds did Rava permit the wine?

(d) Shmuel (who lived long before Rava) issued the same ruling when this happened in Neherda'a.
Was his reason the same as Rava's?

(a) We try to equate Shmuel's ruling with Rebbi Eliezer in the Mishnah in Taharos, where a man is not sure whether he touched Tum'ah in a certain field.
What exactly, is his Safek?

(b) What did Rebbi Eliezer rule?

(c) Why was his ruling confined to winter? What would he have ruled in the summer?

(d) How do we refute the suggestion that Shmuel's ruling follows the opinion of Rebbi Eliezer? Why would even the Rabbanan agree that the wine in Neherda'a was permitted?

Answers to questions



(a) Why did Rava permit the wine, in the case where a young Nochri girl was found among the barrels, with foam in her hand?

(b) What if there was not a trace of foam to be found on the barrel?

(c) Would he have ruled the same way had she been a few years older?

(a) When a royal army entered Neherda'a and opened many barrels of wine, what did Rav Dimi cite Rebbi Elazar as having ruled in a similar case in Eretz Yisrael?

(b) He was not sure however, whether Rebbi Elazar's ruling was based on the opinion of Rebbi Eliezer (see Hagahos ha'Bach) who permits Safek Bi'ah (as we learned on the previous Amud) or for some other reason. Which other reason?

(c) What problem do we have with Rav Dimi's referring to the case as 'Safek Bi'ah'?

(d) What do we answer? How did the excessive number of barrels influence Rebbi Elazar's ruling?

(a) What ruling did Rebbi Yitzchak Amar Rebbi Elazar cite with regard to a woman wine-seller who handed the key to a Nochris?

(b) Abaye supported this ruling with a Beraisa.
What does the Tana say about someone who hands the keys of his Taharos to an Am-ha'Aretz?

(c) On what basis did Abaye learn the Din of Yayin Nesech from this Beraisa?

(a) According to Rav, if a Chaver (who is particular about Tum'ah) and an Am-ha'Aretz divide their Chatzer with a low wall, Taharos belonging to the former are Tamei.
What does he rule with regard to Yayin Nesech, in the event that his neighbor was a Nochri?

(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan say?

(c) What do we learn from Rav regarding Abaye's 'Kal va'Chomer'?

(a) What does the Beraisa rule in a case where a Chaver lives in the inside Chatzer and an Am-ha'Aretz, in the outside one, regarding the Chaver spreading out his fruit and placing his vessels in his Chatzer?

(b) Seeing as the Tana is speaking when the Nochri is able to reach inside the Chaver's Chatzer, how does Rav reconcile his opinion with the Beraisa?

(c) In another Beraisa, on what condition does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel permits the Chaver whose roof is higher than his Am-ha'Aretz neighbor's, to spread out his fruit and to place his vessels on his roof without worrying about Tum'ah?

(a) How will Rebbi Yochanan explain this Beraisa, to reconcile it with his opinion, according to those whose text reads 'Meimar Amar ...
  1. ... 'Imtzuri ka'Memtzera'?
  2. ... 'Imtzudi ka'Memtzadna'?
(b) And how will Rav reconcile his opinion with a similar S'tam Beraisa which permits it even if the Am ha'Aretz is able to reach across to the Chaver's roof?
(a) Our Mishnah discusses a Boleshes that comes into town.
What is 'Boleshes'? What is called by that name?

(b) What does the Tana rule in a case where the Boleshes enters in time of peace? What distinction does he draw between open barrels of wine and sealed ones?

(c) And what does the Tana say about the same Boleshes that enters in time of war?

(a) What does the Beraisa rule in connection with a besieging army that breached the walls and entered the city (with regard to the Kohanos in the city)?

(b) Why is that? Is it their fault if they fall prey to unruly soldiers?

(c) How do we reconcile this with the Seifa of our Mishnah, which permits the wine in time of war, because of the principle 'Ein P'nai Le'nasech'?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,