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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Avodah Zarah 74

AVODAH ZARAH 72-76 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) In what connection does our Mishnah list Yayin Nesech, Avodas-Kochavim and Oros Levuvin? What do they have in common?

(b) What are 'Oros Levuvin'?

(c) The Tana also lists Shor ha'Niskal, Eglah Arufah, Tziporei Metzora and Se'ar Nazir.
From where do we know that the hair of a Nazir is Asur be'Hana'ah?

(d) And his list ends with Peter Chamor, Basar be'Chalav and Chulin she'Nishchatu ba'Azarah.
Which of these is redeemable?

(a) What is the Tana referring to when he lists Basar be'Chalav?

(b) What will be the Din if a drop of milk falls into a pot of meat, or vice-versa?

(c) What problem do we have (what has the Tana omitted from the list), if the items in our Mishnah are not Batel because they are ...

  1. ... 'Davar she'be'Minyan'?
  2. ... Isurei Hana'ah?
(d) So how does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba (or Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha) explain the Tana's omission of a piece of Neveilah and Chametz on Pesach from the list?
(a) How is the hair of a Nazir a 'Davar she'be'Minyan'?

(b) What does one therefore do if a small piece of Chametz gets mixed up with pieces of Matzah, or a piece of Neveilah with pieces of Kasher meat?

(c) Why does the Tana omit ...

  1. ... nuts from Perech and pomegranates from Badan of Orlah and K'lai ha'Kerem?
  2. ... privately-baked loaves of bread that got mixed up with Matzah (seeing as strictly speaking, Matzah may be anything up to a Tefach thick)?
(d) What does the Tana now come to preclude, when he concludes 'Harei Eilu Asurin ve'Isuran be'Chol she'Hu'?
(a) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah forbids all the wine in a wine-pit into which Yayin Nesech fell. What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel hold?

(b) Shmuel rules like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel in all cases.
What does Rav say?

(c) With whom do most Amora'im agree (Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan ... Rav Nachman Amar Rabah bar Avuhah)?

(d) The last word however, goes to Rav Nachman, who rules like Rav regarding Yayin Nesech.
In which case does he rule like Shmuel?

Answers to questions



(a) What does our Mishnah say about the tub (of a wine-press) made of stone which a Nochri tarred?

(b) Why is this necessary?

(c) If it is a wooden tub, Rebbi requires the same method of Hechsher as a stone one.
What do the Chachamim say? Why is that?

(d) And what will be the Din with regard to a tub that is made of earthenware?

(a) The Tana speaks specifically about a Nochri who tars a tub, says Rava.
What will the Din then be in a case where he treads the grapes in an untarred tub?

(b) Why does Rava need to tell us this? Why is it not obvious from our Mishnah?

(c) What does Rava say in the second Lashon about a Nochri who treads grapes in a tarred tub?

(d) Here again, we ask why this is not obvious from the Mishnah itself.
What do we answer?

(e) What makes a tarred tub more stringent in this regard?

(a) We support the second Lashon with a case that took place with Rav.
For what purpose did Rebbi Chiya send Rav with a certain man? What request did the man make of Rebbi Chiya?

(b) What was Rav's first impression?

(c) What made him change his mind?

(d) In what way did Rebbi Chiya actually anticipate this?

(e) To whom was Rav referring when he spoke of 'Chavivi'?

(a) The Beraisa discusses an earthenware wine-tub itself and the jar and the funnel (from the wine-press) that have been tarred by a Nochri. Rebbi permits them with Niguv alone.
What do the Chachamim say?

(b) How do we know that the Tana so far is speaking a. about earthenware vessels, and b. about an untarred wine-press?

(c) Rebbi concedes to the Chachamim that (even untarred) jars require Kiluf (even though a wine-press does not).
Why is that? What makes the former more stringent than the latter?

(a) How do we reconcile our Mishnah, which permits Niguv in the case of a stone tub that a Nochri tarred, and according to Rebbi, even a wooden one, with the Beraisa, which requires a tarred tub to be peeled, even if it is made of stone?

(b) What problem do we have with the Beraisa, where Rebbi permits an earthenware tub, jar and funnel with mere Niguv?

(c) Like whom does Rava establish the Seifa of our Mishnah, to resolve the discrepancy?

(d) What does Rebbi now hold regarding...

  1. ... a tarred tub made of stone or of wood?
  2. ... a tarred tub made of earthenware?
  3. ... an untarred tub made of earthenware?
(a) If 'Na'avah' is a wine-press, what do we mean when we say 'Rava Na'avah Artecho'?

(b) How did Rava used to send empty barrels (which had absorbed wine) to Horpanya with a Nochri?

(c) Why did he do that?

(a) According to Rav, they performed Niguv using water.
What does Rabah bar bar Chanah say?

(b) On what grounds do we object to both opinions?

(c) So what does each Amora really mean?

(d) We conclude that in fact, they do not argue, because they are referring to different cases, 'Ha bi'Retivta, ve'ha be'Yabeshta'.
What does this mean?

Answers to questions

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