POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Basra 11
BAVA BASRA 11 (18 Nisan) - Dedicated by Kenny & Aliza Weinblatt in memory of
their grandfather, Sam (Shmuel Ben Baruch) Silverman Z"L, who was Niftar on
18 Nisan. May all the Zechuyos from this learning provide an Aliyah for his
1) THE REWARD OF TZEDAKAH
(a) (Beraisa): Binyamin ha'Tzadik was appointed over the
Kupah of Tzedakah. A woman came in time of famine and
asked him to support her.
2) WHO IS CONSIDERED A RESIDENT?
1. Binyamin swore that there was no money in the Kupah;
she said that she and her seven children will die if
he does not support them. He supported them from his
(b) (Beraisa): King Munvaz opened the storehouses of his
ancestors in famine years to feed the poor. His family
protested: your fathers saved and increased the wealth
their ancestors saved up, and you are squandering it!
2. Later, Binyamin fell sick and was about to die. The
angels protested: saving a single Yisrael is like
saving an entire world - Binyamin saved eight souls,
should he die young?
3. Hash-m tore up the decree against him, and gave him
another 22 years.
1. Munvaz: They stored up below, in a place where
others might take it, and in a way that does not
increase, I stored up above, in a place where no one
can take it, and in a way that increases - "Fri
2. They stored money, for others, for this world; I
stored souls, for myself, for the world to come.
(a) (Mishnah): If he bought a dwelling, he is immediately
considered a resident of the city.
3) DIVIDING A CHATZER
(b) Our Mishnah is not like R. Shimon ben Gamliel.
1. (Beraisa - R. Shimon ben Gamliel): One who buys any
land is considered a resident.
2. Contradiction (Beraisa - R. Shimon ben Gamliel): One
who buys land fitting for a dwelling is considered a
3. Resolution: Tana'im argue about the opinion of R.
Shimon ben Gamliel.
(a) (Mishnah): We divide a Chatzer only if each partner will
get four Amos;
4) THINGS THAT RECEIVE FOUR AMOS
1. We divide a field only if each will get the area
fitting to sow nine Kavim;
(b) We divide a garden only if each will get the area to sow
half a Kav;
2. R. Yehudah says, it suffices if each gets half this
1. R. Akiva says, it suffices if each gets half this
(c) We divide a salon, small tower, dovecote, garment,
bathhouse, olivepress, or Beis ha'Shelachin (a field with
a spring to irrigate it) only if each will get a fitting
1. The general rule is: we only divide if each will get
a portion that keeps the original name.
(d) All these laws are when only one partner wants to divide
- if both want to divide, they may always do so;
1. Regarding Seforim, even if both want to divide, they
(e) Version #1 (Gemara - Rav Asi): The four Amos of the
Mishnah is in addition to the four Amos in front of the
doorways of the houses.
1. Support (Beraisa): We divide a Chatzer only if each
partner will get eight Amos.
(f) Version #2 - (Mishnah): We divide a Chatzer only if each
partner will get four Amos.
2. Question: But our Mishnah says four Amos!
3. Answer: This confirms Rav Asi's law - each must get
four Amos in addition to the four Amos in front of
(g) Contradiction (Beraisa): We divide a Chatzer only if each
partner will get eight Amos.
(h) Answer (Rav Asi): Each must get four Amos in addition to
the four Amos in front of his doorway. (End of Version
(i) (Rav Huna): Brothers dividing a Chatzer they inherited,
each gets a share proportional to the number of doorways
he has that open into it.
(j) (Rav Chisda): Each gets four Amos for each opening, the
rest is divided equally.
(k) Support (for Rav Chisda - Beraisa): Four Amos are given
for each opening in a Chatzer;
1. If Reuven has one opening and Shimon has two, Reuven
gets four Amos, Shimon gets eight Amos and the rest
is divided equally.
2. If Reuven had an opening of eight Amos, he gets
eight Amos next to it and an additional four Amos in
3. Question: Why does he get another four Amos?
4. Correction (Abaye): The Beraisa means, he gets an
area eight Amos long and four Amos wide.
(a) (Ameimar): If Reuven has a hole in the Chatzer for
storing pits (for animals to eat), he receives four Amos
around it in the Chatzer in every direction.
1. This is only if he did not have a fixed side from
which he would cast pits into it - if he did, he
only gets four Amos in that direction.
(b) (Rav Huna): An Achsadra (an enclosure with three walls)
does not receive four Amos.
5) PARTNERS IN A CHATZER OR MAVUY
1. Four Amos are given for the needs of unloading an
animal near the house - since one can bring the
animal into the Achsadra, four Amos are not needed.
(c) Question (Rav Sheshes - Beraisa): Four Amos are given for
a gate of a house or Achsadra.
(d) Answer #1: That refers to an Achsadra of Rav (it is
surrounded by four walls with windows).
(e) Objection: That is a proper room, obviously it gets four
(f) Answer #2: Rather, it refers to a Roman Achsadra (the
walls are low, they do not reach to the ceiling).
(g) (Beraisa): Four Amos are given for a porch, Achsadra or
1. If five houses open into a balcony,which has a
single entrance to the Chatzer they only get a
total of four Amos.
(h) Question (R. Yochanan): Does one get four Amos for a
(i) Answer (R. Yanai): No - the reason for four Amos is for
unloading, chickens can climb over the wall.
(j) Question (Rava): If only half of a house has a ceiling,
are four Amos given for it?
(k) Answer (Rav Nachman): No - not only if the ceiling is on
the inside, for then one can unload through the exposed
1. Even if the ceiling is on the outside, one can take
the animal to the exposed part to unload.
(a) Question (Rav Huna): If a member of a Mavuy (alleyway)
wanted to open his house to another Mavuy, can the other
people of the Mavuy stop him?
(b) Answer (R. Ami): They can stop him.
(c) Version #1 - Rashi - Question (Rav Huna): If people of
the city must house soldiers, is the obligation shared
according to the number of people, or according to the
number of openings in the house?
(d) Version #2 - Tosfos - Question (Rav Huna): If a caravan
passes by and leaves manure, is it divided it according
to the number of people (each gets an equal share), or
according to the number of openings to the Chatzer?
(e) Answer (R. Ami): According to the number of people.
(f) Version #1 - Rashi - Support (Beraisa): Manure is divided
according to the number of openings, soldiers are
quartered according to the number of people.
(g) Version #2 - Tosfos - Support (Beraisa): Manure (of the
animals of people of the Chatzer) is divided according to
the number of openings, manure from a caravan is divided
according to the number of people.
(h) (Rav Huna): If a member of a Mavuy wanted to close his
opening to the Mavuy, the people of the Mavuy can stop
him, for this would increase the amount they must walk.
(i) Question (Beraisa): If five Chatzeros are open to a Mavuy
(that is closed on one end, and the other end is open to
the public domain), people of each Chatzer are allowed to
use the part of the Mavuy from their entrance and
outwards, but they may not go towards the closed end.
(Clearly, the outer Chatzeros cannot protest if an inner
Chatzer wants to close its entrance, since they have no
right to go there!)
(j) Answer: Tana'im argue about this matter.
1. (Beraisa - Rebbi): If a member of a Mavuy wants to
open his house to another Mavuy, the other people of
the Mavuy can stop him;
i. If he once had an opening to another Mavuy and
closed it, they cannot stop him from re-opening
2. R. Shimon ben Elazar says, if five Chatzeros are
open to a Mavuy each can use the part near the
3. Question: Rebbi did not speak of this case, why does
R. Shimon ben Elazar bring it up?
4. Answer: The Beraisa is abbreviated, it means as
follows: (Rebbi also says that) if five Chatzeros
are open to a Mavuy, people of each Chatzer are
allowed to use the part of the Mavuy from their
entrance and outwards, but they may not go inwards;
5. R. Shimon ben Elazar says, all can use every part of