POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Bava Basra 94
BAVA BASRA 91-95 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) MUST A BUYER ACCEPT DIRT?
(a) (Gemara - Rav Katina): (The Mishnah says that he must
accept a quarter Kav of Pesoles for each Se'ah) - this
refers to legumes.
2) ONE WHO EXCEEDED THE QUOTA OF FLAWED ITEMS
(b) Inference: He need not accept dirt!
(c) Question: But Rabah taught, if Levi removes a pebble from
Yehudah's grain, he must pay him the value of that volume
of grain (for one who buys from Yehudah would have had to
(d) Answer: He must accept a quarter Kav of legumes for each
Se'ah, he must accept less than a quarter Kav of dirt for
(e) Question: He must accept a full quarter Kav of dirt!
1. (Beraisa): A buyer must accept a quarter Kav of
legumes for each Se'ah of wheat, a quarter Kav of
straw for each Se'ah of barley, a quarter Kav of
dirt for each Se'ah of lentils.
(f) Answer: No, he accepts this with lentils, because they
are uprooted with dirt.
2. Suggestion: He must accept a full quarter Kav of
dirt with wheat or barley, just like with lentils.
(g) Inference (and a support for Rav Katina): He accepts dirt
with lentils, because they are uprooted - but grain is
cut, not uprooted, he need not accept dirt!
(h) Rejection: Really, he must accept dirt with grain;
1. The Beraisa must teach about lentils - one might
have thought, because they are uprooted he must
accept more than a Rova - the Beraisa teaches, this
is not so.
(a) (Rav Huna): If more than a Rova of Pesoles was found, the
seller must give grain in place of all of the Pesoles
(that is, he may not include the allowed amount of
1. Some explain, this is letter of the law; others say,
it is a fine.
(b) Question (Mishnah): If a Se'ah of grain has more than a
Rova of another species mixed in, one must diminish the
other species (before planting, on account of Kilayim),
2. Some explain, this is letter of the law - a buyer
pays for good produce; one does not bother to remove
a Rova (or less) of Pesoles;
i. More than a Rova, one toils to remove it - once
he toils, he removes all the Pesoles.
3. Others say, it is a fine - a Rova is common, more
than this is not, we assume that he mixed in
Pesoles, therefore he is fined, he must give a full
measure of good produce.
1. We are thinking that a Rova regarding Kilayim is
like more than a Rova regarding a sale - and it
says, he must diminish it (he need not remove all of
(c) Answer: No, a Rova regarding Kilayim is like a Rova
regarding a sale.
(d) Question: If so, why must he diminish it?
(e) Answer: This is a stringency of Kilayim.
(f) Question (end of the Mishnah): R. Yosi says, he must
remove all of it.
1. If a Rova regarding Kilayim is like more than a Rova
regarding a sale, we understand the argument -
Chachamim say that we fine what is permitted (less
than a Rova) on account of what is forbidden (a
Rova), R. Yosi does not fine.
(g) Answer: R. Yosi is stringent because it looks like he
intentionally sows Kilayim.
2. But if a Rova regarding Kilayim is like a Rova
regarding a sale, why must he remove all of it?
(h) Question (Mishnah): One person deposited 100 Zuz by
Reuven, another person deposited 200; each claims that he
gave 200, Reuven does not know who gave which - he gives
each 100, the rest we leave until Eliyahu comes;
(i) Answer: That is different, there each definitely owns
100; here, perhaps all the dirt was intentionally mixed
(j) Support (end of the Mishnah - R. Yosi): No - if so, the
swindler does not lose! Rather, we leave all the money
until Eliyahu comes (or one admits).
(k) Rejection: That is different, one of them definitely is
intentionally lying; here, perhaps he did not mix any
(l) Support (Beraisa - R. Meir): A loan document which
specifies that interest will be charged - we fine the
lender, and he may not collect even the principal;
(m) Rejection: That is different, there from the time the
document was written, he transgressed; here, perhaps he
did not mix any dirt!
(n) Question (end of the Beraisa - Chachamim): He collects
the principal, not the interest.
(o) Answer: That is different, there, he is entitled to
collect the principal; here, perhaps he intentionally
mixed in all the dirt!
(p) Support (Ravin bar R. Noson - Beraisa): (Levi sold a Beis
Kor, 'more or less' - he gave an area which was not
exactly a Beis Kor. If the error was more than a Rova per
Se'ah) not only does he return the excess, he returns the
1. This says that when we return, we must return the
(q) Rejection: That is different, there, he said 'more or
1. Up to a Rova (per Se'ah) is not considerable, more
than a Rova is, since (over the whole Beis Kor) it
amounts to nine Kavim, which is considered a field
by itself, therefore, all must be returned.