POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Basra 118
BAVA BASRA 118 (7 Av) - has been dedicated to the memory of Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens, N.Y., by his wife
and daughters on his fifth Yahrzeit. G-dfearing and knowledgeable, Simcha
was well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah. He will long be
1) WHO RECEIVED PORTIONS OF THE LAND?
(a) (Rav Papa): According to the opinion that shares were
allocated to those that left Mitzrayim, we understand why
Tzelofchad's daughters complained.
(b) Question (Rav Papa): According to the opinion that shares
were allocated to those that entered, why did they
complain - no sons entered to receive portions!
(c) Answer (Abaye): Nephews of Tzelofchad entered; their
portions reverted to their grandfather Chefer, and it was
fitting that that Tzelofchad's children receive a share
(d) According to the opinion that portions were allocated to
those that left Mitzrayim, we understand why the tribes
of Yosef's children complained (they now had more people
than left Mitzrayim, so they would receive less per
person than the other tribes).
(e) Question: According to the opinion that portions were
allocated to those that entered - why did they complain -
everyone that entered received one portion!
(f) Answer: They had many men less than 20 years old that
entered and received no portion.
(g) (Abaye): We may deduce that everyone that entered the
land received a portion - if someone did not, he would
(h) Suggestion: Perhaps someone didn't receive a portion, but
the Torah only wrote complaints (e.g. of Tzelofchad's
daughters) which helped!
(i) Rejection: The complaint of the tribes from Yosef did not
help, yet it was written!
(j) Rejection of rejection: That was written to teach good
counsel, that a person should beware of an evil eye.
1. Support: "Im Am Rav Ata Ale Lecha ha'Harah" -
conceal yourselves in forests, lest an evil eye
prevail over you.
2) PORTIONS OF THE MERAGLIM
2. They responded, we descend from Yosef, over whom an
evil eye does not prevail - in the blessing to
Yosef, it says "Alei Ayin (he has grace in the eyes
of all that see him)".
i. (R. Avahu): This may be read 'Olei Ayin' (his
descendants prevail over an evil eye).
ii. (R. Yosi Bar Chanina): We can learn from
"V'Yidgu la'Rov" - just as fish are covered in
water, so no evil eye prevails over them, also,
the evil eye does not prevail over Yosef's
(a) (Mishnah): Yehoshua and Kalev received the portions of
the Meraglim ...
(b) Question: What is the source for this?
(c) Answer (Ula): "Vi'Hoshua Bin Nun v'Chalev ben Yefuneh
Chayu Min ha'Anashim".
1. Suggestion: Perhaps this simply means, only they
(d) (Mishnah): The complainers and Korach's congregation did
not receive portions.
2. Rejection: Another verse says, "V'Lo Nosar Mehem Ish
Ki Im Kalev ben Yefuneh vi'Hoshua".
3. Rather, the verse means that they lived in their
(e) Contradiction (Beraisa): Yehoshua and Kalev received the
portions of the Meraglim, the complainers and Korach's
(f) Answer: The Tana of the Beraisa equates the complainers
to the Meraglim; the Tana of our Mishnah does not.
1. (Beraisa): "Avinu Mes ba'Midbar" - this is
Tzelofchad; "v'Lo Hayah b'Soch ha'Edah" - this is
the congregation of the Meraglim; "ha'No'adim Al
Hash-m" - these are the complainers; "ba'Adas
Korach" - this is understood simply.
(g) Question (Rav Papa): According to the Tana of the
Beraisa, who equates the complainers to the Meraglim -
just as Yehoshua and Kalev received the Meraglim'
portions, they should have received all (really, most) of
Eretz Yisrael! (Most of Yisrael complained when they
(h) Answer (Abaye): The complainers referred to are those in
(i) Question (Rav Papa): According to the opinion that
portions were allocated to those that left Mitzrayim, we
understand "Chavlei Menasheh Asarah" (10 portions fell to
Tzelofchad's daughters) - six from Chefer and his five
brothers, and four of their own (from Tzelofchad, his
brother, and Tzelofchad's double share of his father's
1. But according to the opinion that portions were
allocated to those that entered, there are only
eight - six from Chefer and his five brothers, and
two of their own (from Tzelofchad's double share of
portions which reverted to Chefer through Chefer's
grandsons that entered Eretz Yisrael)!
(j) Answer: We can likewise answer, Tzelofchad had two
2. Counter-question: According to the former opinion,
it is really only nine (the Mishnah only lists three
portions of their own - it does not say that
Tzelofchad had a brother)!
3. Answer: You must say, Tzelofchad had a brother.
(k) Support (Beraisa): "Nason Titen Lahem" - this is the
inheritance of their father; "b'Soch Achei Avihem" - this
is the inheritance of their father's father; "v'Ha'avarta
Es Nachalas Avihen Lahen" - this is his extra share as
1. R. Eliezer Ben Yakov says, they also received the
portions of their father's brother(s) - "Nason
i. The opinion that he had two brothers learns
this from "Achuzas Nachalah".