REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Basra 8
(a) On what grounds did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak object when Rav Chanan bar
Rav Chisda (or Rav Huna) levied a head-tax on the Rabbanan?
(b) How did he (in conjunction with the Beraisa quoted by Rav Yosef)
interpret the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Berachah ...
(c) How does Ula explain the Pasuk in Hoshe'a ...
- ... "Af Chovev Amim, Kol Kedoshav be'Yadecha"?
- ... "ve'Heim Tuku le'Raglecha"?
- ... "Yisa mi'Dabrosecha"?
(d) In the Pasuk in Ezra, Daryavesh instructed the officer of Eiver ha'Nahar
to release the Anshei Keneses ha'Gedolah from "Mindah, V'lo ve'Halach".
- ... "Gam Ki Yisnu va'Goyim, Atah Akabtzem"?
- ... "va'Yachelu Me'at mi'Masa Melech ve'Sarim"?
What is ...
- ... "Mindah"?
- ... "V'lo"?
- ... "Halach"?
(a) On what grounds did Rav Shisha B'ei de'Rav Idi object when Rav Papa
levied a tax on Yesomim for a new well that they were about to dig?
(b) How did Rav Papa justify what he had done?
(c) Everyone is obligated to pay towards new gates for the town walls, says
Rav Yehudah, even Yesomim.
Who are the exception?
(d) Even the Rabbanan however, are obligated to participate towards funding
a new well.
Under which circumstances are they Patur even from that?
(a) Rebbi opened the storehouses in a year of drought. Whom did he preclude
from receiving food when he announced that the Ba'alei Mikra, Ba'alei
Mishnah, Ba'alei Gemara, Ba'alei Halachah and Ba'alei Agadah were permitted
(b) Why was that?
(c) Why did he eventually open his storehouse to everyone?
(d) What was Rebbi's reaction, before being informed that the recipient
concerned was his disciple?
(a) Why did Yonasan ben Amram claim that he had not even learned Chumash?
(b) He expected to be sustained like a dog and like a raven.
specifically those two animals?
(c) What happened initially, when Rebbi refused to assist the Amei ha'Aretz
of Teverya with a special tax to pay for a new crown for the king?
(d) And what happened ...
- ... when the second batch of Amei ha'Aretz fled except for that one laudryman?
- ... after the laundryman fled? What did Rebbi extrapolate from this incident?
(a) Someone who is guilty of idolatry is sentenced to Sekilah.
members of an Ir ha'Nidachas killed?
(b) What other difference is there between an individual who serves idols
and an Ir ha'Nidachas?
(c) If a caravan of people are staying in the city, how long must they have
been there to receive the same sentence as its members, according to the
(d) Based on the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with an Ir ha'Nidachas)
"Yoshvei ha'Ir", how does Rava reconcile this Beraisa with our Mishnah,
which does not consider someone a resident until he has lived in the city
for one year?
(e) How does this distinction manifest itself in a Beraisa regarding someone
who declared a Neder?
(a) We learned in a Beraisa, that a man who has lived in a town for thirty
days is obligated to provide food for the soup-kitchen (for the poor), and
for one year before he is obligated to pay towards Pasei ha'Ir
(strengthening the gates).
How long must he reside there before becoming
obligated to donate towards ...
(b) Then why does our Mishnah categorically give the time period as twelve
months before becoming a resident.
- ... the Kupah (the Tzedakah fund)?
- ... K'sus (the fund for clothing the poor)?
- ... Kevurah (the burial fund for the poor)?
(c) Rebbi Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan obligates even Yesomim to pay towards
strengthening the gates of the town, but not Talmidei-Chachamim (as we
What does Rav Papa say in this regard, about repairs to
the city walls, hiring a guard who rides around the walls on a horse and a
Tarzina? What is a Tarzina?
(d) What is the principle that determines whether Yesomim are obligated to
participate in the town's public expenses and when they are not?
(a) What does the Beraisa quoted by Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah say about Yesomim
paying toward ...
Answers to questions
(b) How did Rabah then justify his having claimed Tzedakah from the Yesomim
of Bei bar Meryon, when Abaye queried him about it?
- ... the Tzedakah fund?
- ... the redemption of captives?
(c) When Ifra Hurmiz (the mother of Shavur Malka, King of Persia) sent a
purse of Tzedakah with instructions to use it for a big Mitzvah, what did
Rav Yosef decide to do with it, based on the Beraisa of Rav Shmuel bar
(a) Based on a Pasuk in Yirmiyah ", we learn that death by the sword is
worse than pestilence.
Which death is worse than death by the sword?
(b) We learn from the Pasuk "Yakar be'Einei Hashem ha'Mavsah 'la'Chasidav"
that pestilence is the mildest of these deaths.
By what logic is death by
(c) From which Pasuk do we learn that starvation is the worst of these
- ... the sword worse than pestilence?
- ... is death by starvation worse than death by the sword?
(d) What makes captivity worse than any of them?
(a) Why does the Beraisa rule that the Kupah of Tzedakah requires ...
(b) In which of the above points is the Tamchuy stricter than the Kupah shel
Tzedakah? Why is that?
- ... two Gaba'im to claim it?
- ... three to distribute it?
(c) The Kupah is distributed every Friday, the Tamchuy every day.
other (third) way is the Tamchuy different than the Kupah with regard to its
(d) Can money collected for the Kupah be used for the Tamchuy and
(a) The Tana authorizes the town's residents to fix the measures, the
prices, the workers wages and Le'hasi'a al Kitzasan.
What does he mean by
(b) The Pasuk in Tetzaveh "*ve'Heim* Yikchu es ha'Zahav ... " implies that
two Gaba'im are required to claim Tzedakah funds.
- ... the measures?
- ... the prices?
- ... Le'hasi'a al Kitzasan?
What statement did Rav
Nachman make that qualifies this Chumra?
(c) What did Rebbi Chanina testify that Rebbi did which bears this out?
(d) The reason that the Kupah requires two Gaba'im is because it entails
What authoritative methods must the Gaba'ei Tzedakah employ?
(a) How do we reconcile this with the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "u'Fakadti al Kol
Lochtzav", which according to Rav's interpretation, threatens Gaba'ei
Tzedakah who coerce people into giving Tzedakah with Divine retribution?
(b) How much did Rava force Rav Nasan bar Ami to donate for Tzedakah?
(c) According to the first Lashon, the Pasuk in Daniel "ve'ha'Maskilim
Yazhiru ke'Zohar ha'Raki'a" refers to a Dayan who judges accurately
according to Din Torah, and "u'Matzdikei ha'Rabim ke'Kochavim le'Olam Va'ed"
to Gaba'ei Tzedakah. According to the second Lashon, "ve'ha'Maskilim Yazhiru
... " refers to both of the above.
What then, does "u'Matzdikei ha'Rabim
... " refer to?
(d) Rav cited Rav Shmuel bar Shilas as the epitome of the latter.
Rav Shmuel bar Shilas reply, when Rav met him standing in the garden and
asked him whether he had not forsaken his young students?
(e) When he was asked what the Pasuk says about the Talmidei-Chachamim,
which Pasuk in Shoftim did Ravina quote?
(a) The Tana in a Beraisa forbids the two Gaba'im to part ways.
he allow however?
(b) What does he say about a Gaba'i Tzedakah who, on his rounds ...
(c) And what does another Beraisa say about a Gaba'i ...
- ... finds money in the street?
- ... meets his debtor, who pays off his debt?
(d) Why does the Tana also forbid him, when exchanging P'rutos for silver
coins, to count two coins at a time (see Rabeinu Gershom)?
- ... Tzedakah who has no poor people to whom to distribute and he has copper P'rutos in he Kupah that will become moldy?
- ... Tamchuy who has no poor to feed and wants to sell the food he has collected?
(a) Why did Abaye originally refuse to sit on the Shul's mats?
Answers to questions
(b) What caused him to relent?
(c) He also quoted Rabah, who used to have two purses for Tzedakah, one for
the poor of his town, and one for those from out of town. He later followed
the advice of Shmuel to Rav Tachlifa bar Avdimi.
What did Shmuel tell Rav
Tachlifa bar Avdimi to do?
(d) Rav Ashi did not even need to do that.