REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Basra 55
(a) What did Rav Huna bar Avin send to the Beis-Hamedrash regarding Reuven
who purchased a field from a Nochri, and Levi came and acquired it?
(b) And what did he quote Ravin, Rebbi Ila'a and all the Rabbis as saying?
(c) Ukvan bar Nechemyah taught Rabah three Halachos in the name of Shmuel.
Who was Ukvan bar Nechemyah?
(d) The first was 'Diyna de'Malchusa Diyna', the second 'Arisusa de'Parsa'i
ad Arba'in Sh'nin'.
What might this mean (besides possibly, that the
Persians extended the Chazakah of three years to forty)?
(a) Shmuel's third ruling concerned the Zaharuri.
Who were 'the Zaharuri'?
What did they used to do?
(b) And what did Shmuel say about them?
(c) This ruling does however, extend to fields whose owners had not paid
their *head* tax.
(d) Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua disagrees with this last statement.
What does he say about barley in a jar? Does this extend to Karka?
(a) Huna bar Nasan queried Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua's ruling from the
inheritance of a Bechor (i.e. the extra portion that he inherits from his
What special Halachah pertains to the inheritance of a Bechor?
(b) What then was his Kashya?
(c) What did Rav Ashi retort?
(d) So how does Rav Ashi answer both Kashyos with one sweep?
(a) Why is Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua's Kashya not really a Kashya
anyway? How could we answer it very simply?
(b) Huna bar Nasan told Rav Ashi that Rava's Sofrim told him that the
Halachah was like Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Yehoshua.
What did Rav Ashi
(a) A Pardeches, says Rav Ashi, is obligated to pay whatever he can towards
the sum total of taxes placed on the town.
What is a 'Pardeches'?
(b) His obligation to participate however, is not absolute.
When is he ...
(c) Why is he Patur from paying anything in the latter case?
- ... Chayav?
- ... Patur?
(a) According to Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan, a Meitzar and a Chatzav divide
with regard to Nechsei ha'Ger, but not with regard to Pe'ah and Tum'ah. A
Meitzar is a border.
Answers to questions
What is a Chatzav?
(b) What does Rav Asi mean when he says that they ...
(c) When Ravin arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he quoted Rebbi Yochanan
- ... divide with regard to Nechsei ha'Ger?
- ... do not divide with regard to Pe'ah?
In which point does he argue with Rav Asi?
(a) We learned in the Mishnah in Pe'ah that a Nachal, a Shelulis, a public
and private road and a public and private path divide with regard to Pe'ah.
What is the definition of ...
(b) What is the difference between ...
- ... 'a Nachal'?
- ... 'a Sh'lulis'?
(c) A private path divides between two fields if it is used in winter as
well as in summer.
- ... a public road and a private one?
- ... a road (Derech) and a path (Sh'vil)?
What is the significance of the fact that it is used in
(d) Seeing as the Tana has taught us that a private path divides, why does
he need to mention a public one, and having listed paths, why does he need
to insert a private (and even a public) road?
(a) In a case where, in the winter season, someone enters a field where
there is a corpse and he doesn't know whether he touched it or not, he is
Why is that? What is the significance of the fact that it is
(b) In the Mishnah in Taharos, Rebbi Eliezer rules that if the field is
situated in a valley, and the person is not even sure whether he entered
that particular field, he is Tahor.
Why is that?
(c) What do the Rabbanan say?
(d) What does Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan now mean when he says that a
Meitzar and a Chatzav do not divide with regard to Tum'ah? According to
which Tana does he say this?
(a) Although Ravin Amar Rebbi Yochanan said earlier that a Meitzar and a
Chatzav divide with regard to Pe'ah and Tum'ah, he concedes however, that
they do not divide with regard to one area of Halachah.
(b) This ruling concerns a Beraisa.
What does the Tana Kama there say
about someone who carries out half a G'rogeres (a dried fig) into a Reshus
ha'Rabim, and then carries out another half-G'rogeres ...
(c) What is the significance of a G'rogeres in this regard?
- ... in one He'elam (without remembering in the middle that it was Shabbos)?
- ... in two Ha'alamos?
(d) According to Rebbi Yossi, he might even be Patur for carrying out the
two half-G'rogeres in *one* He'elam.
When will that be?
(a) According to Rabah, Rebbi Yossi only considers the divided Reshus
ha'Rabim to be two Reshuyos if they are divided by a Chiyuv Chatas.
does he mean by that?
(b) Abaye maintains that a Karmelis (such as an open valley) will suffice,
but not a Pisla.
What is a Pisla? What is the Halachic difference between
it and a Karmelis?
(c) What does Rava say?
(a) 'Rava le'Ta'ameih', we conclude. To which Halachah in Hilchos Gitin is
Rava referring to when he says 'Reshus Shabbos ki'Reshus Gitin'?
Answers to questions
(b) Why is his wife not divorced, if the Get lands on a Pisla?
(c) In keeping with his latest statement, Rava (in disagreement with Ravin
Amar Yochanan [whom we quoted earlier]), rules that a Meitzar and a Chatzav
divide even with regard to Shabbos as well.
In which case (and according
to which Tana) are they arguing?