REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Basra 88
BAVA BASRA 87 & 88 - dedicated by an admirer of the work of the Dafyomi
Advancement Forum, l'Iluy Nishmas Mrs. Gisela (Golda bas Reb Chaim Yitzchak
Ozer) and Reb Yisroel Shimon (ben Reb Shlomo) Turkel, A"H.
(a) In our search for the reason why the store-keeper is obligated to pay
for the bottle, we cite Abaye and Rebbi Chanina, sons of Avin, who establish
the case when the store-keeper took the bottle from the child in order to
measure with it. According to the Chachamim, he is liable because of Rabah's
What does Rabah say about a venerable man who strikes a lost animal
with a stick?
(b) Why is he not obligated to return it anyway?
(c) How does Rabah's ruling connect with the case of the store-keeper?
(d) On what grounds do we reject this explanation, too?
(a) Rabah, together with 'the lion of the group', finally explains the
reason behind the store-keeper's liability for the bottle.
Who is the
'lion of the group'?
(b) They establish the Mishnah when the store-keeper took the bottle in
order to measure oil for another customer.
What is then the basis of the
Machlokes between Rebbi Yehudah and the Chachamim?
(c) Considering that a Sho'el is liable for Onsin, on what grounds is the
store-keeper Patur according to Rebbi Yehudah?
(d) How will we now interpret the Seifa? What does the Mishnah mean when it
says 'u'Modim Chachamim ... bi'Zeman she'ha'Tzeluchis be'Yad ha'Tinok ... '?
(a) We cited Shmuel earlier, who rules that someone who takes a vessel from
a craftsman in order to inspect it - is liable for damages until he has
On what grounds is the potential purchaser liable, seeing as
he has not yet acquired it, and the seller benefits as much as the seller
(b) What happened to the piece of thigh which a customer took from the
butcher to examine?
(c) Rav Yeimar obligate the customer to pay, based on Shmuel's ruling.
what condition did he issue this ruling?
(d) What did that man do when people began taking the pumpkins that he had
brought to Pum Nahara to sell?
(a) Why did he do that, seeing as they took them with a view to purchase
them (and not to steal them)?
(b) On what grounds did Rav Kahana invalidate his declaration?
(c) Under which condition would he have validated it?
(d) Why would the owner's Hekdesh be any more effective than in a case where
he declares Hekdesh his object that someone stole, which is invalid because
the object is not under his jurisdiction, even though it is his?
(a) What does the Beraisa say (regarding Ma'asros) about a 'Chaver' (who is
particular about Ma'asros, and who) in the process of purchasing vegetables
from an Am-ha'Aretz (who is not particular) picks those that he wants and
places them to one side (even if he spends all day doing this)?
(b) What will change if he decides that he actually wants those vegetables
that he put aside?
(c) What problem do we now have? Why can he not ...
(d) Then what must he do, should he decide to retract?
- ... return the vegetables?
- ... Ma'aser the vegetables and then return them?
(a) Why does this ruling appear rather strange?
(b) We therefore establish the Beraisa by someone like Rav Safra.
happened to Rav Safra once whilst he was reciting the Sh'ma?
(c) On which Pasuk in Tehilim was his behavior based?
(d) How will we now interpret the Beraisa?
(a) We learn in our Mishnah that a Sitton must clean his measures once every
Why is that? What is a 'Sitton'?
(b) How often must a private person clean them? Why is that?
(c) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?
(d) A store-keeper, our Mishnah rules, must clean his measures twice a week,
like the Tana Kama (since he uses them more often even, than a wholesaler).
How might we establish this latter ruling even like Raban Shimon ben
Gamliel? What makes this explanation preferable to the first one?
(a) How often is one obligated to clean one's ...
Answers to questions
(b) Until now, the Tana has discussed weights that are used for liquids .
What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say about weights that are used for
- ... weights each week?
- ... scales? Why the difference?
(c) The Tana obligates a seller to tip the scales one Tefach.
must the scales tip if he is weighing two Litra?
(d) What is the exception to this rule? When will one not need to tip the
scale a Tefach?
(a) If a seller failed to tip the scales, what must he do?
(b) Where it is customary to use ...
(c) How else might we explain the reason for this?
- ... a small measure (a Kav), why may one not use a large one (a Sa'ah)?
- ... a large measure, why may one not use a small one?
(d) What else does the Tana forbid to switch with regard to selling in
(a) How does Resh Lakish initially learn the Reisha of the Mishnah (the Din
of Hachra'ah) from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Even Sheleimah va'Tzedek Yih'yeh
(b) What problem do we have with this from the Seifa of the Mishnah (the Din
(c) So how do we establish ...
(d) How does Rebbi Aba bar Mamal Amar Rav interpret our Mishnah 'Echad
- ... the Reisha of the Mishnah?
- ... the D'rashah of Resh Lakish?
(a) Our Mishnah continues 'Echad le'Esrim be'Yavesh'.
Based on the fact
that 'Echad le'Esrim be'Lach' means a tenth of a tenth, what Safek do we now
have over how to explain this?
(b) How do we resolve the Safek?
(c) Either way, why is the Din so much more stringent by liquid measures
than by solid ones?
(a) What does Rebbi Levi extrapolate from the fact that the Torah writes "es
ha'To'avos *ha'Eil*" in the Parshah of Arayos in Acharei-Mos but "Kol Oseh
Eileh"* in that of Midos (weights and measures) in Ki Seitzei?
(b) What do we prove from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'es Eilei ha'Aretz
(c) How do we reconcile Rebbi Levi with the Pasuk in Kedoshim "Ki Kol Asher
Ya'aseh mi'Kol ha'To'avos *ha'Eileh*" (where "Eileh" appears in connection
with Arayos too)?
(d) Why might we have thought otherwise?
(e) Why can it not be by means of ...
- ... a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' ("Eil" "Eileh")?
- ... a 'Kal va'Chomer'?
(a) From where do we know that Teshuvah is effective by Arayos?
(b) In what way is Midos worse than Arayos? Why is Teshuvah not effective in
(c) But did Chazal not say that someone who steals from the public should
atone by giving money for public ventures?
(a) What are the two Pesukim in Vayikra "Nefesh Ki Secheta u'Ma'alah Ma'al
ba'Hashem ve'Kichesh ba'Amiso", and "Ki Sim'ol Ma'al ve'Chat'ah bi'Shegagah"
(ibid.) referring to?
Answers to questions
(b) What does Rebbi Levi learn from the fact that in the former Pasuk, the
Torah places 'Chet' before Me'ilah (which is basically a Lashon of sinning)
whereas in the latter, it reverses the order?
(c) And what does he comment on the fact that the B'rachos in Bechukosai
begin with "Im Bechukosai ... " and end with "Komemiyus") whilst the curses
begin with "ve'Im Bechukosai Tim'asu" and end with "ve'es Chukosai Ga'alah
Nafsham"; whereas in the equivalent Parshah in Ki Savo, the B'rachos begin
with "ve'Hayah Im Shamo'a Tishma" and end with "ve'Ein Koneh"?
(d) And what is the significance of these facts?