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Bava Basra 91

BAVA BASRA 91-95 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) The Tana Kama of the Beraisa forbids taking wine, oil and flour ...
  1. ... out of Eretz Yisrael.
    What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira say?
  2. ... from Eretz Yisrael to Syria.
    Why is that, bearing in mind that David Hamelech captured Syria?
(b) What does Rebbi say?

(c) What does the Tana Kama of another Beraisa mean when he forbids making a profit from the fruits of Eretz Yisrael (such as those we just mentioned)?

(d) Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah used to make a profit from wine, because he held like Rebbi.
On what grounds did he make a profit from oil?

(a) Another Beraisa forbids making a profit from eggs 'Pa'amayim'. Mari bar Mari cites a Machlokes between Rav and Shmuel. According to one of them, this means that it is forbidden to charge double what one paid for them. How will we reconcile this with Shmuel (himself), who forbids earning a profit of more than a sixth?

(b) According to the other one, the Beraisa forbids an egg-merchant to sell eggs to another egg-merchant (so that the second merchant makes an extra profit), whether with other commodities, if Reuven charges more, the purchaser will find someone who sells for less (though it is not clear why this S'vara does not apply to eggs too).

(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa mean when he says 'Masri'in al P'rakmatya she'Huzlah, Afilu be'Shabbos'?

(b) Rebbi Yochanan restricts this to linen clothes in Bavel.
Why specifically linen clothes?

(c) To what does he restrict it in Eretz Yisrael?

(d) By how much must the price of the merchandise drop for the concession to apply?

(a) Under what similar conditions is one permitted to leave Eretz Yisrael?

(b) How does Rebbi Shimon (bar Yochai or Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar) qualify this Halachah? When does he forbid leaving Eretz Yisrael even if the price has dropped to that extent?

(c) What does the same Rebbi Shimon say about Elimelech, Machlon and Chilyon?

(a) What did the people of Beis-Lechem mean when, upon seeing Naomi and Rus returning from Mo'av, they exclaimed 'ha'Zos Naomi!?'

(b) And what does Rebbi Yitzchak (the author of the previous statement) say happened the day they returned?

(c) What adage is attached to his statement?

(a) Rabah bar Rav Huna states that ...
  1. ... Ivtzan and Bo'az are one and the same person.
    What is he coming to teach us with this?
  2. ... Bo'az made a hundred and twenty festive meals for his children.
    On what occasions did he do that?
(b) What can we learn from Boaz?

(c) Why did he not invite Mano'ach to all these parties?

(d) Rav Chanan bar Rav informs us that Elimelech, Salmon and P'loni Almoni (whose name was Tov) were all children of Nachshon ben Aminadav.
Who was Nachshon's fourth son?

(e) What do we learn from Rav Chanan bar Rav's statement?

(a) Rav Chanan bar Rava Amar Rav also made a statement concerning Avraham and Haman.
What did they have in common?

(b) One of their grandfathers was Karnevo, the other Urv'sa.
How can we easily remember which is which?

(c) Why did Rav find it necessary to give us this information?

(d) Who was ...

  1. ... Nitzeves bas Ada'el? Why do we need to know this?
  2. ... Tz'lalpanis and Nashyan respectively? Why do we need to know specifically the former?
(e) What difference does it make?
(a) What was Avraham Avinu doing three years in Kuta and seven in Kardu?

(b) What does Rav Dimi (quoting a Beraisa) say about that?

(c) What is Ibra Ze'ira de'Kuta better known as? What are the Halachic ramifications of this information?

(d) According to Rav Chanan bar Rava Amar Rav, all the world leaders stood in a row and made an announcement.
What did they say?

Answers to questions



(a) How does Rav Chanan bar Rava Amar Rav interpret the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "ve'ha'Misnasei le'Chol le'Rosh"? What example does he give of the sort of appointments that are made in Heaven?

(b) Rav Chiya bar Avin cites Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah, who disagrees with Rebbi Shimon (quoted on the previous Amud). Chas ve'Shalom, he claims, that Elimelech, Machlon and Chilyon should have left Eretz Yisrael unlawfully. Then why were they punished?

(a) Under which circumstances does Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan permit leaving Eretz Yisrael, even if one can obtain four Sa'ah of wheat for a Sela?

(b) What was the occasion that Rebbi Yochanan recalled that took place in Teverya that bore this out?

(c) What occasion did Rebbi Yochanan recall when ...

  1. ... laborers refused to hire themselves out on the east side of the city?
  2. ... a thin stream of honey dripped onto someone's two arms? What was the source of the honey?
  3. ... a thin stream of oil dripped from the top of the wall to the ground?
  4. ... youths of sixteen and seventeen did not sin? What were they doing?
(d) And what did he remember them saying in the Beis-Hamedrash with regard to someone who ...
  1. ... concurs with what Nochrim say (i.e. flatters them [Agados Maharsha])?
  2. ... trusts them?
(a) Machlon and Chilyon are referred to in Divrei Hayamim as Yo'ash and Saraf.
Assuming their names to have been ...
  1. ... Machlon and Chilyon, why are they referred to as Yo'ash and Saraf?
  2. ... Yo'ash and Saraf, why are they referred to as Machlon and Chilyon?
(b) In the Beraisa that corroborates the first opinion, why does the Pasuk cited there from Divrei Hayamim refer to ...
  1. ... Yehoshua as 'Yokim'?
  2. ... the Giv'onim as Anshei Koziba?
  3. ... Rus as Yishbi Lechem?
(c) "ve'ha'Devarim Atikin" ('the words are of old') means that what happened with Rus is hinted in the Torah earlier.
What hint can we find in the two Pesukim "*Matzasi* David Avdi" (Tehilim) and "es Sh'tei Benosecha *ha'Nimtza'os* (Vayeira)? What is the connection between these two words?
(a) Why does the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim refer to ...
  1. ... the sons of Yonadav ben Reichav (a descendant of Yisro) as "ha'Yotzrim"? What did they keep?
  2. ... Shlomoh as "Neta'im"?
  3. ... the Sanhedrin as "Gadrah"?
  4. ... Rus as "Im ha'Melech bi'Melachto Yashvu Sham"? What does "bi'Melachto" refer to?
(b) When the Pasuk in Melachim writes "And he (Shlomoh Hamelech) made a throne for "the mother of the kingdom'', to whom does it refer?
(a) Commenting on the Pasuk in Bechokasai "va'Achaltem min ha'Tevu'ah Yashan", the Beraisa explains 'without Salmanton'.
What does Salmanton do?

(b) Rav Nachman explains this to mean without 'be'Lo Retzinta' (without a sort of worm that causes the produce to rot). According to Rav Sheishes, the Tana means 'be'Lo Shedifa'.
What is 'Shedifa'?

(c) What do two Tana'im learn from the Pasuk "va'Achaltem Yashan Noshan ... ad Bo Tevu'asah"?

(d) What do we prove from the Beraisa which uses the Pasuk to counter the suggestion that perhaps the old produce ...

  1. ... will not reach completion?
  2. ... is bad (even though it was complete)?
(e) What would one do if the crops started to go bad prematurely?
(a) What does the Tana of another Beraisa learn from ...
  1. ... the Pasuk "va'Achaltem Yashan"?
  2. ... the additional word "Noshan"?
  3. ... "ve'Yashan Mipnei Chadash Totzi'u"?
(b) What will they do with all that produce?

(c) Seeing as the old crops are better than the new ones, what is the point of taking the former out of the storehouses to make room for the latter?

(d) Rav Papa lists only three things that are not good once they are no longer fresh. Two of them are dates and beer.
What is the third?

***** Hadran Alach ha'Mocher es ha'Sefinah *****

Answers to questions

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