REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Basra 96
BAVA BASRA 96 - dedicated by Rabbi and Mrs. Mordecai Kornfeld in honor of
the Bris of their son, Eliezer Aryeh, last Thursday. May Hashem grant that
we may raise him l'Torah l'Chupah ul'Ma'asim Tovim!
(a) Abaye asked Rav Yosef whether (with regard to which B'rachah to recite
over Yayin she'Hikrim) he held like Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, or like Rav
What was the gist of his reply?
(b) What does the Beraisa say about a barrel of wine which someone uses for
Terumos and Ma'asros on other barrels, and which, after a month or two, he
finds has turned sour?
(c) The Beraisa uses the expression 'ha'Bodek es ha'Chavis', implying that
he tastes the wine (see Tosfos).
How can he taste the wine in the barrel
before having separated Ma'asros from it?
(d) What problem is the Tana concerned with?
(a) According to Rebbi Yochanan, the Tana means that for the first three
days, the contents of the barrel are considered wine, and it is only from
the third day on that it is considered a Safek vinegar.
Why is it
(b) How do we know that it was definitely wine at that first stage? Maybe
the wine at the bottom of the barrel already tasted like vinegar?
- ... wine the first three days (and not Safek vinegar)?
- ... Safek vinegar the last three days (and not Vaday vinegar)?
(a) How does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi interpret the Beraisa?
(b) On what grounds does he consider the wine a Safek vinegar right from the
beginning? In which point does he argue with Rebbi Yochanan on that score?
(c) Is there any way that he might concede to Rebbi Yochanan in this point?
(d) And on what grounds does he consider the wine Vaday vinegar from the
beginning of the last three-day period? In which second point does he argue
with Rebbi Yochanan?
(a) How do the Deruma'i quote Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi?
Rav Mari and Rav Z'vid argue over whether Rav Yosef (on the previous Amud)
was referring to Rebbi Yochanan's interpretation of the Beraisa, or Rebbi
Yehoshua ben Levi's.
(b) What is the problem with this quotation?
(c) We conclude that basically, Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi concurs with Rebbi
Then what do the Deruma'i mean when they quote him as saying that
for the first three days, it is Vaday vinegar? How do we therefore establish
(d) What does Rebbi Yochanan say about this latter point?
On what grounds will we accept the first explanation
over the second?
(a) What does Rav mean when he says that for the first three days following
the sale, wine is considered to be in the seller's domain?
(b) Does this mean that Yayin she'Hikrim is considered vinegar?
(c) We will learn a Mishnah shortly 'ha'Mocher Yayin la'Chavero ve'Hichmitz,
Eino Chayav be'Asharayuso'. Rav might well establish the Mishnah when this
took place after three days.
How can we infer this from the Lashon of the
Mishnah itself? What should the Tana have written had he been speaking when
it occurred within three days?
(d) How else might Rav establish the Mishnah, even if it occurred within
(a) What does Shmuel say about wine that turns sour even during the first
three days and even in the barrels of the seller?
Answers to questions
(b) Rav Yosef issued a ruling like Shmuel in a case concerning wine because
a S'tam Mishnah later in the Perek clearly corroborates his opinion.
which case did he rule like Rav?
(c) How does our Sugya conclude?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about date-beer, barley-beer and Shemarei
Yayin with regard to a B'rachah? What is 'Shemarei Yayin?
(b) What B'rachah would we otherwise have thought one recites on each of
(c) What do Acherim say?
(d) Like which Tana do Rabah and Rav Yosef rule?
(a) Rava qualifies the above Machlokes.
What will be the Din, according to
him, if one added three cups of water to the dregs and four emerged?
(b) What do we mean when we comment on this 'Rava le'Ta'ameih'?
(c) And what does Rava say in a case where one poured three cups and three
cups emerged? What did it taste like?
(d) How will we reconcile this with Rebbi Yehudah, who considers the wine in
this very same case subject to Ma'aser?
(a) Then in which case do the Rabbanan and Acherim argue?
Answers to questions
(b) What is the reasoning behind the ruling of ...
(c) Why do we not apply the same principle in the case where one added three
cups of water and three emerged? Why do not say there too, that two cups of
water emerged and one of wine?
- ... the Rabbanan?
- ... Acherim?