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Beitzah 11

BEITZAH 11-15 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim, for the benefit of Klal Yisrael

1) [line 1] D'MIS'AKEL KITRAIHU - the knot that ties them together comes undone
2) [line 8] ISHTARBUVEI ISHTARBUV V'NACHUS - [the birds in the upper nest] dragged themselves along and came down [to the lower nest]

3) [line 12] SARUCHEI SARICH U'SELIKU - they clutched [at the sides of the dove-cote] and went up

4) [line 13] MEFURACHIN - pigeons that fly
5) [line 14] MEDADIN - small pigeons that can only hop about
6) [line 14] ADADUYEI ADADU - they hopped [here from the other nest]
7) [line 17] D'KAIMA B'KEREN ZAVIS - the other nest [stands within fifty Amos, however it] is around a corner [from the first nest]

8) [line 18] V'HADAR CHAZI L'KINEI - and it can turn around and see its nest
9) [line 19] ELI - a pestle
10) [line 19] L'KATZEV ALAV BASAR - on which to carve meat
11) [line 20] DORSAN - a place where many people walk, onto which hides are placed in order to soften them before beginning the tanning process

12) [line 22] TAVRA GARMEI - a wooden block for carving meat and chopping bones (RABBEINU CHANANEL)

13) [line 29] MADOCH - a pestle
14) [line 29] MEDOCHAH - a mortar
15) [line 31] NISHBAK - let us leave [this thin animal as is, not slaughtering it]
16) [line 35] TZELI - roasted meat (that is salted only a little)
17) [line 36] KEDEIRAH - meat cooked in a pot (that needs to be salted a lot)
18) [line 36] TZELI K'EIN KEDEIRAH - a roast that is salted with nearly as much salt as is usually used for meat cooked in a pot

19) [line 37] CHALAVIM (Fats that are forbidden to eat)
(a) Chelev refers to the fat of an animal that is offered on the Mizbe'ach. It consists of the layer of fat covering the stomachs, all the other fat attached to the stomachs, and the fat on the kidneys along the flanks (Vayikra 3:4).
(b) The Chelev of a Kosher Behemah is forbidden to eat, but may be used for any other purpose. The Chelev of a Chayah, however, may even be eaten. "Shuman" refers to all the other fat of an animal that is permitted.
(c) If a person eats Chelev b'Mezid, he is Chayav Kares; b'Shogeg he must bring a Korban Chatas. If a person is in doubt whether the fat he ate was Chelev or Shuman, he must bring a Korban Asham Taluy.

20) [line 37] EIN MEHAPCHIN BAHEN - it is forbidden to turn them over [after one side dries so that the other side will dry] (BACH Orach Chayim 499 DH Ein Molchin)


21) [line 1] D'CHAZI L'MIZGA ALEI - it is fit to lay upon
22) [line 3] D'LO LISRACH - that it should not spoil
23) [line 7] U'MALACH GARMA GARMA - and salts one piece at a time; at first he salts one piece that he wants to eat on Yom Tov and then he changes his mind and salts another piece that he prefers to eat, etc.

24) [line 9] TERISIN - shutters of portable booths that are removed and are used as a table on which to display merchandise

25) [line 11] HITIRU SOFAN MISHUM TECHILASAN - the Chachamim permitted a subsequent action (that is not needed on Yom Tov and that would otherwise be prohibited mid'Rabanan) so that people will not refrain from doing an earlier action that is for the sake of Yom Tov

26) [line 13] CHAZARAS RETIYAH - replacing a cloth or bandage that is smeared with a salve onto a wound

27) [line 14] HA'POSE'ACH CHAVISO - one who opens his barrel of wine in order to sell it to pilgrims

27) [line 15] AL GAV HA'REGEL - during a festival
27) [line 19] D'EREV YOM TOV, LO - it is not permitted (a) in the case of animals that were slaughtered and skinned on Erev Yom Tov (RASHI and some of the Ge'onim); (b) in the case of animals that were slaughtered on Erev Yom Tov, even if they were skinned on Yom Tov (RAMBAM, ROSH, RASHBA)

28) [line 22] EIN BINYAN B'CHELIM V'EIN STIRAH B'CHELIM See Background to Beitzah 10:6)
Shevus refers to actions that the Rabanan prohibited on Shabbos. The Torah states "uva'Yom ha'Shevi'i Tishbos" ("and you shall rest on the seventh day") (Shemos 23:12). The Rabanan learn that this applies even to things that are not Melachos, and as a result they prohibited actions that were permitted mid'Oraisa (see Shabbos 114b). The prohibitions of Shevus do not apply in the Beis ha'Mikdash.

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