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Previous dafBeitzah 19
1) [line 6] ASHKACHTINHU - I found (them)
2) [line 16] GITO - (lit. his wine press) the crop of grapes that he intends
to squeeze for wine
3) [line 16] KADO - (lit. his pitcher. Alternate Girsa, BADO - his olive
press) the crop of olives that he intends to press for oil
4) [line 17] V'ROTZEH LE'ECHOL B'CHABURAH ACHERES - see Background to
5) [line 18] CHABURAH
(a) It is a Mitzvah for all Jews to offer a Korban Pesach on the fourteenth
of Nisan in the afternoon, as it states in the Torah (Shemos 12:6), "and the
whole assembly of the congregation of Yisrael shall slaughter it towards
evening." The Pesach is a male lamb or goat within its first year.
(b) An adult (who was Tahor and was not far from the Beis ha'Mikdash on the
fourteenth of Nisan) who willfully did not offer the Korban Pesach is liable
to the Kares punishment.
(c) In order to eat from the Korban Pesach, a person must be "appointed" to
the Korban before it is slaughtered. This appointment is called "Minuy."
Each Pesach must have appointed to it people who are able to eat at least a
k'Zayis of the meat on the night of the fifteenth of Nisan. The Korban is
sacrificed in the name of all the people who were appointed for that
specific Pesach animal. The people appointed to the Pesach then eat the
Pesach together in a "Chaburah." (Some Tana'im maintain that a single Pesach
may be split into many Chaburos eating in different places -- Pesachim 86a.)
6) [line 18] SHELAMIM (SHALMEI YACHID)
(a) A person may offer a Korban in the Beis ha'Mikdash as a voluntary
sacrifice, as it states in Vayikra 1:2. Voluntary Korbanos may be Olos
(which are burned entirely on the Mizbe'ach, see Vayikra 1:2-17, 6:1-6),
Shelamim (parts of which are eaten, see Vayikra 3:1-17, 7:11-21, 7:28-37) or
Menachos (flour offerings, see Vayikra 2:1-13, 6:7-11, 7:9-10).
(b) Korbenos Shelamim that are offered by an individual may be brought from
male or female sheep, cows or goats. They are Kodshim Kalim, and may
therefore be slaughtered in the entire Azarah (and not only in its northern
part). Before its slaughter, the owner presses his hands on the head of the
animal (Semichah). The blood of the Shelamim is cast on the northeastern and
southwestern corners of the Mizbe'ach (Shenayim she'Hen Arba). Nesachim (a
meal offering consisting of flour and oil and a wine libation) are brought
as part of the Korban (Bamidbar 15:3-12). The meal offering is completely
burned on the Mizbe'ach and the wine is poured into one of the Sefalim (the
silver libation pipes located at the top of the southwest corner of the
Mizbe'ach) (RAMBAM and RA'AVAD Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 2:1). The amount
of flour, oil and wine needed depends upon the animal offered, as specified
in Bamidbar ibid.
(c) The Chazeh (breast) and Shok (thigh) of the Shelamim were given to the
Kohen (Vayikra 7:34). Certain fats and other parts of the Korban were
offered on the Mizbe'ach (Vayikra 3:3-4, 9-10, 14-15). The owner and his
guests (men or women) eat the rest of the Korban inside the borders of the
city of Yerushalayim. The meat may be cooked in any fashion and is eaten for
two days and the intervening night.
(d) Although the Korbn Shelamim that is offered by an individual is
generally a voluntary sacrifice (Shalmei Nedavah), some Korbenos Shelamim
are obligatory (Shalmei Chovah). Two types of Korbenos Shelamim that are
obligatory are the Shalmei Chagigah (see below, #9) and the Shalmei Simchah
(see below, #13). At the time of the Milu'im (shen the Mishkan was
inaugurated), Shalmei Chovah were offered as well.
7) [line 19] SOMCHIN
Semichah refers to the Mitzvah for a person to press his hands with all his
might on the head of his sacrifice before it is slaughtered, as described in
8) [line 19] OLOS (OLAS YACHID)
(a) A person may offer a Korban in the Beis ha'Mikdash as a voluntary
sacrifice (Olas Nedavah), as it states in Vayikra 1:2. Voluntary Korbanos
may be Olos (which are burned entirely on the Mizbe'ach, see Vayikra 1:2-17,
6:1-6), Shelamim (parts of which are eaten, see Vayikra 3:1-17, 7:11-21,
7:28-37) or Menachos (flour offerings, see Vayikra 2:1-13, 6:7-11, 7:9-10).
(b) Korbenos Olah are Kodshei Kodashim and therefore they may only be
slaughtered in the northern part of the Azarah. Before its slaughter, the
owner presses his hands on the head of the animal (Semichah). The blood of
the Shelamim is cast on the northeastern and southwestern corners of the
Mizbe'ach (Shenayim she'Hen Arba). Nesachim (a meal offering consisting of
flour and oil and a wine libation) are brought as part of the Korban
(Bamidbar 15:3-12). The meal offering is completely burned on the Mizbe'ach
and the wine is poured into one of the Sefalim (the silver libation pipes
located at the top of the southwest corner of the Mizbe'ach) (RAMBAM and
RA'AVAD Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 2:1). The amount of flour, oil and wine
needed depends upon the animal offered, as specified in Bamidbar ibid.
(c) The skin of the Olah is given to the Kohanim and the rest of the animal
is dismembered and entirely burned on the Mizbe'ach.
(d) A Korban Olah offered by an individual that is obligatory (Olas Chovah)
is the Olas Re'iyah. Every Jewish male is required to bring a Korban Olas
Re'iyah on the three festivals (Devarim 16:16). If the Korban was not
brought on the first day of the festival, it may be brought on any of the
other days of the festival (i.e. the next six days of Pesach, or the next
seven days of Sukos). On Shavu'os, if it was not brought on Yom Tov, it may
be brought on the six days following the festival (Chagigah 17a).
9) [line 20] SHALMEI CHAGIGAH
Every Jewish male is obligated to come to the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash
on Pesach, Shavuos and Sukos, and bring an animal as a Korban Chagigah, as
the Torah states, "Shalosh Regalim Tachog Li ba'Shanah" (Shemos 23:14). They
are also called "Shalmei Chovah."
10) [line 25] SHELAMIM SHE'HEN SHEL YOM TOV - this refers to the Korban
Chagigah and Shalmei Simchah which are brought because of Yom Tov
11) [line 31] TANA'EI SHAKALT ME'ALMA - (lit. "Have you cast out all of the
Tana'im from the world?") i.e. why do you not consider the fact that Ula's
opinion is in accordance with a Tana of the same opinion?
12) [line 3] TODAH
(a) The Todah (thanksgiving-offering) was a form of Shelamim (see above, #6)
that was eaten for only one day and one night (Vayikra 7:15).
(b) An animal that was sacrificed as a Todah was brought together with forty
loaves of bread, ten each of the following:
(c) One loaf of each type of bread was given to the Kohen who performed the
Zerikas ha'Dam of the Todah (Vayikra 7:14). (These four loaves were known as
Terumas Lachmei Todah.) The owner eats the rest of the loaves of bread of
the Todah along with the meat, as above (entry #6).
- unleavened loaves mixed with oil;
- flat unleavened Matzos saturated with oil;
- unleavened loaves made of boiled flour mixed with oil;
- loaves of leavened bread.
13) [line 11] SIMCHAH
(a) The Mitzvah of Simchah (Devarim 27:7) that applies on the three Holidays
of Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos requires a person to eat from sacrifices every
day of the holiday. If no other sacrifice is available, the person brings a
special Korban, known as Shalmei Simchah, for the purpose of fulfilling this
Mitzvah. Women are also obligated in this Mitzvah (RAMBAM Hilchos Chagigah
(b) Besides offering extra Korbanos, the Mitzvah of Simchah also requires
that all of the Jews be happy on the holidays. Buying food and clothing that
cause one to be happy, each person according to his taste, fulfills this
Mitzvah. One must also remember to support the poor and downtrodden on Yom
Tov, for if one spends one's time eating and drinking without helping the
poor, it is not considered a Simchah Shel Mitzvah; rather, it is Simchas
Kreiso (a feast for one's stomach) (RAMBAM Hilchos Yom Tov 6:17-18)
14) [line 16] EIN MEVI'IN KODASHIM L'VEIS HA'PESUL
(a) Every Korban has specific Halachos with regard to when, where and by
whom it may be eaten. Some are eaten on the day that they are slaughtered
and the following night, while others are eaten for two days and the night
in between. Some may be eaten in all of Yerushalayim, while others must be
eaten only in the Azarah (courtyard of the Beis ha'Mikdash). Some may be
eaten by any Jew, while others may only be eaten by the Kohanim. According
to those who rule Ein Mevi'in Kodshim l'Veis ha'Pesul, it is prohibited to
bring a Korban in a way which will limit the amount of time, places or
people with which the Korban is eaten. Doing so may cause part of the Korban
to not be eaten and to become Nosar.
(b) A person who offers a Todah also brings ten loaves that are Chametz as
part of his Korban. As with the meat of the Todah, the loaves are also eaten
on that day and the following night. On Erev Pesach eating Chametz is
prohibited from after the fourth hour (mid'Rabanan, and from after the sixth
hour mid'Oraisa). Since these loaves are not able to be eaten for the
prescribed time limit of the Korban, this curtails the amount of time in
which they must be eaten, which might lead to their becoming Nosar. For this
reason a Korban Todah is not brought on Erev Pesach.
15) [line 27] SELUTEI MESALTINAN - (a) chopping wood from trees [is
permitted] (RASHI); (b) [Melachah is permitted, such as] making baskets
16) [line 29] BAL TE'ACHER
(a) It is forbidden to delay fulfilling one's sacrificial commitments. For
example, if one is obligated to bring a Korban (such as a free-will offering
which he committed himself to bring), he must bring it by the first Regel.
If he delays bringing it past the Regel, he has transgressed the Aseh of
"ve'Heveisem Shamah..." (Rosh ha'Shanah 4a-b). If he delays bringing it for
three Regalim, he has transgressed the Lo Sa'aseh of "Lo Se'acher l'Shalmo"
(Devarim 23:22). The Tana'im argue as to how to count the three Regalim (see
Beitzah Chart #).
(b) Bal Te'acher applies not only to Korbanos, but to other vows as well,
such as Tzedakah (Rosh ha'Shanah 6a) or Nezirus (Nedarim 3b).
17) [line 40] LOMAR SHE'ZEH GOREM - this teaches that one transgresses the
prohibition of Bal Te'acher when the first festival of Sukos passes after he
became obligated to bring his Korban
18) [line 42] KOL DAVAR SHEB'CHOVAH EINO BA ELA MIN HA'CHULIN
(a) Every Korban that a person is required to bring must be set aside from
animals that are Chulin (non-consecrated). This applies whether the
obligation to bring the Korban stems from the Torah, such as Pesach, Chatas,
Asham, etc., or whether it stems from the person himself, such as if he
vowed to bring a Korban Olah, Shelamim or Todah. He does not fulfill his
obligation unless he sets aside and offers as the Korban an animal that is
Chulin. If he owns an animal that he already set aside as a Korban by
declaring it a Nedavah (e.g. by saying, "This animal shall be a Shelamim"),
or if it is Kadosh because it is Ma'aser Behemah, he can not fulfill his
obligation with this animal (Menachos 81b).
(b) If a person vows to bring a Korban and specifies *at the time of his
vow* that he may bring an animal that is Ma'aser Behemah as his Korban, he
*does* fulfill his obligation with this animal (ibid.).
19) [last line] NAZIR
(a) If a person makes a vow to become a Nazir without stipulating a time
period, his Nezirus lasts for a period of thirty days. During this period,
the Nazir is not allowed to 1. cut his hair; 2. become Tamei by touching or
being in the same room as a corpse; or 3. consume any products of the
(b) When a Nazir completes his period of Nezirus, he must offer three
sacrifices: a male sheep as an Olah, a female sheep as a Chatas, and a ram
as a Shelamim. Together with the Shelamim he brings 6 and 2/3 Esronos of
Soles (fine flour) which are made into 20 loaves of Matzah, 10 Chalos
(unleavened loaves) and 10 Rekikin (flat Matzos). He then shaves his hair
and burns it under the pot in which the Shelamim is cooked (Bamidbar 6:18).