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Beitzah 23

1) [line 2] MOLID REICHA - to introduce a scent into certain objects, which is similar to creating a new object.

2) [line 3] SECHUFEI KASA A'SHIRA'EI - to invert a cup of perfume onto silk garments
3) [line 5] MI'MOLELO - [and how is it different] from rubbing it (a fragrant twig) between his fingers

4) [line 5] V'KOTMO - and [from] snapping it (a fragrant twig)
5) [line 9] BISRA A'GUMREI - meat [that is roasted directly] on coals
6) [line 10] BEI KASIL - the name of a place
7) [line 10] KETURA - the Gemara attempts to determine whether this term refers to Ketura b'Yadi (see next entry) or l'Ashen (to smoke fruits)

8) [line 11] KETURA B'YADI - to make pleats in sleeves or leggings by *tying* straw into them while they are wet and ironing them into the desired shape

9) [line 12] MA'ASEH UMAN - the art of a craftsman
10) [line 28] MEKARDIN - it is permitted to rub down and clean a horse or other animal with a metal comb that has thin teeth; (O.F. estreillier - to curry-comb, to rub down and clean a horse with a special comb)

11) [line 28] SHOCHAKIN ES HA'PILPELIN - it is permissible to grind peppercorns
20) [line 31] MEKARTZEFIN - it is permitted to rub down and clean a horse or other animal with a wooden comb that has thick teeth

12) [line 40] KETANIM V'OSIN CHABURAH - [a comb is used which has] small teeth that make a wound

(a) A Davar she'Eino Miskavein is an act which is done for a certain purpose (which can be accomplished without transgressing an Isur Torah), but which *may* result in an Isur Torah being inadvertently performed. Rebbi Yehudah prohibits performing such an action, since it may result in an Isur Torah. Rebbi Shimon disagrees, claiming that even though an Isur Torah may result from this action, since the Isur Torah will come about without intent, the action is permitted.
(b) The laws of a Davar she'Eino Miskaven (that it is permitted according to Rebbi Shimon or forbidden according to Rebbi Yehudah) apply only when it is not inevitable that an Isur Torah will occur as a result of one's action. However, when an Isur Torah will definitely occur as a result of one's action, it is known as a Pesik Reshei and is forbidden. For example, if a person cut the head off of a chicken on Shabbos and states that he had no intention to kill the animal but he merely wanted its blood to feed to his dogs, it is considered as though he had full intention to kill the animal since it was an inevitable outcome of his act, and he is Chayav.


14) [line 3] KELI KEVARAH - a utensil used for sifting
15) [line 6] AGALAH SHEL KATAN - (a) a wagon in which a child rides for fun (RASHI); (b) a walker with three wheels onto which a toddler holds, to train him to walk (TOSFOS)

16) [line 7] NIGRERES - dragged
17) [line 9] KOVESHES - it presses down the earth beneath its wheels as it rolls (and does not dig out the earth)

18) [line 18] SAFSAL - a bench

*****PEREK #3 EIN TZADIN*****

19) [line 24] BIVARIN - vivarium, an enclosure in which live animals (or fish or birds) are kept (O.F. vivier - fish-pond)

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