POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafBeitzah 25
1) DESIGNATING A CHAYAH WHICH IS "NESTING" IN ONE'S FIELD
(a) (Rabah b.R. Huna citing Rav) One may close off a pool
of water before YomTov and take the fish found within
it in the morning (they are considered designated).
2) MISHNAH: SLAUGHTERING AN ENDANGERED ANIMAL ON YOMTOV
(b) (R. Chisda) From this teaching of Rav we may infer that
the young of a Chayah which has made her home in one's
Pardes may be taken with no specific Zimun.
(c) (R. Nachman) Our Chaver, R. Chisda (or, the son of our
Chaver, if it was Rabah b.R. Huna), by comparing the
young of a Chayah to the fish in a pool, has stepped
into a great Machlokes.
1. Question: One may readily differentiate between
the two cases since he did designate the fish by
the act of closing the pool, whereas he did
nothing to designate the Chayah!?
2. Question: Furthermore, we were taught that a
Chayah *does* require Zimun!
3. Answer: This refutes those who learn that a Chayah
does not require Zimun.
4. Question: But a Beraisa establishes that (both
Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel agree that) the Chayah
(as opposed to a bird) does *not* require Zimun!?
5. Answer (R. Nachman): One Beraisa refers to the
young (which does not require Zimun) and one
refers to the mother (which does).
6. Question: But the mother should require more than
Zimun, she needs to be trapped!?
7. Answer: Rather, one Beraisa speaks where the young
is in a field close to residence (more Da'as) and
one where the field is further (less Da'as).
(a) One may not slaughter an animal unless there is time
left on YomTov to eat a roasted KeZayis of it.
3) FLAYING AN ANIMAL
(b) (R. Akiva) Even if the time remaining is sufficient to
eat a Kezayis from the place of Shechitah (without
flaying the animal).
(c) An animal slaughtered in the field may not be carried
by two people but may be carried, by hand, limb by
(a) (Rami b. Aba) From the requirement of flaying and
cutting an Olah we learn the Derech Eretz for butchers,
as well, that one should not eat prior to flaying and
cutting the animal.
(b) Question: What is Rami b. Aba teaching us?
(c) Answer: He is coming to differ with R. Huna (and to
require Hefshet and Nituach to check the animal for
Kashrus and not to rely on Chazakah).
(d) Question: But the Mishnah *supports* R. Huna (as R.
Akiva allows a KeZayis from the place of Shechitah)!?
(e) Answer: That refers to the place of digestion (and
hence it is after Nituach, not before), not the actual
place of Shechitah.
(f) Question: But R. Chiya taught that it means the actual
place of Shechitah!?
(g) Answer: Rather, Rami b. Aba taught us proper conduct
(not Halachos of Tereifos).
4) RELATED AGADIC TEACHINGS
(h) Similarly, the Beraisa teaches how to eat and drink.
(i) Rami b. Aba also taught the moral lesson of certain
vegetation (especially the Turmus).
(a) (Cited in R. Meir's name) Torah was given (as antidote)
to the fierce People, Israel.
5) PROHIBITIONS DUE TO DERECH CHOL
(b) (Tana d'vei R. Yishmael) It is fitting to give this
People the Aish Das, alternately, the Torah is needed
to counter the fiery nature of Israel.
(c) (Resh Lakish) There are three fierce things...
(a) A blind person may not go out with his staff nor a
shepherd with his cloak.
(b) One may not be carried on a chair.
(c) Question: But we have a report that R. Yehoshua b. Levi
permitted this if the community needs the person (and
we rely on the reports of those who carried R. Huna and
Mar Shmuel on their chairs)!?
(d) Answer: Those were permitted, as stated, only because
the community needed them.
(e) Chama b. Ada asked this question of R. Zerika (having
arrived in Tzur after the passing of R. Yakov b. Idi)
who responded (citing R. Ami) that it is permitted,
provided that the person is not borne on shoulders.
1. Question: What is meant by that?
2. Answer: Alonki.
3. Question: But R. Nachman permitted Alonki?!
4. Answer: That was due to Yalsa's fear (as we find
a similar dispensation by Ameimar and Mar Zutra
due to fear or, due to the pressure of the crowd).