REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafBeitzah 19
(a) The Tana Kama forbids one to Tovel a Tamei vessel during Bein-
Hashemashos of Erev Yom-Tov.
(b) Rebbi Shimon Shezuri is even more strict. What does *he* say?
(c) What problem do we have with the Tana Kama's opinion?
(d) The Talmidim in the Beis Hamedrash explained that Rebbi Shimon Shezuri
and the Tana Kama are arguing in the case when they see the owner running to
Tovel as Bein-Hashemashos approaches.
How will that explain the Machlokes?
(a) Rava maintains that, if the owner is running as Beis Hashemashos
approaches, even Rebbi Shimon Shezuri will agree that the owner knows about
the Din of Ha'arev-Shemesh, and that their dispute is confined to a case
when he comes to ask a She'eilah.
What She'eilah does he come to ask?
(b) How will that explain their Machlokes?
(c) Our Mishnah permits Toveling on Yom-Tov 'mi'Gav le'Gav u'me'Chaburah
What is the meaning of ...
- ... 'mi'Gav le'Gav'?
- ... 'me'Chaburah le'Chaburah'?
(a) Beis Shamai permit Shelamim to be brought on Yom-Tov without making
Semichah on them, but they forbid Olos
. On what grounds do they forbid ...
(b) With which two points do Beis Hillel disagree?
- ... Semichah on Yom-Tov?
- ... the bringing of Olos? Are all Olos included in the prohibition?
(c) Rav Ada bar Ahavah agrees with Ula that the Shelamim to which Beis
Shamai and Beis Hillel refer are Shalmei Chagigah exclusively
of Shelamim then, cannot be brought on Yom-Tov?
(d) Which kind of Olah then, do Beis Hillel permit?
(a) How do they both derive their respective opinions from the Pasuk in Emor
"va'Chagosem Oso *Chag* *la'Hashem*"?
(b) Why do Beis Hillel agree that Nedarim and Nedavos are forbidden?
(c) From where do we learn the obligation to bring am Olas Re'iyah on Yom-
(d) Considering that one has seven days in which to bring one's Olas Re'iyah
and Shalmei Chagigah, why are they permitted on Yom-Tov any more than
Nedarim and Nedavos?
(a) How do we amend the Beraisa which states that Beis Shamai and Beis
Hillel *agree* that one cannot bring an Olah that is not for Yom-Tov, and
that one *can* bring a *Shelamim* that *is*, and that their Machlokes is
over a *Shelamim* that is *not* for Yom-Tov?
Answers to questions
(b) Rav Yosef fails to see why it should be necessary to amend this Beraisa.
How does he vindicate Ula (in 3c.) in spite of the Beraisa, without amending
(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, why may one not bring a
Korban Todah ...
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "ve'Zavachta Shelamim
ve'Achalta Sham, ve'Samachta ... "?
- ... on Pesach?
- ... on Shavu'os?
(c) Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon permits a Todah on Sukos, even to fulfill
one's obligation of Simchah, but not a Chagigah.
Why the difference?
(a) The Tana Kama forbids bringing a Todah on Pesach because it contains
Is that not obvious?
(b) He permits however, a Todah on Sukos.
But why should this be any
different than Shavu'os, which is forbidden?
(a) Rebbi Shimon learns from a Hekesh that whatever cannot be brought on
Pesach and Shavu'os, cannot be brought on Sukos either. He appears to be
referring to the Chol ha'Mo'ed Sukos of the Tana Kama.
Why is this
(b) We conclude that Rebbi Shimon concedes that one is permitted to bring a
Korban Todah on Chol ha'Mo'ed Sukos, and that when he compares Sukos to
Pesach and Shavu'os, he is talking about 'Bal Te'acher'.
What exactly, is
he then saying?
(c) What does the Tana Kama hold with regard to Bal Te'acher? What does he
now mean when he says 'Aval Meivi Adam Todaso be'Chag ha'Sukos'?
(a) Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon permits bringing a Todah on Sukos. Why can
he not mean on Chol ha'Mo'ed?
(b) What then, does he mean? In which point does he argue with the Tana
(c) Then why does he mention specifically Sukos, rather than Pesach or
(d) In his opinion, that is why the Torah in Re'ei finds it necessary to
insert the words "u've'Chag ha'Sukos" (even though that is what it is
How does Rebbi Shimon explain this apparent
(a) We ask whether, if someone declared an animal a Todah, on condition that
he may fulfill his obligation of Chagigah with it, he may subsequently rely
on that condition.
Answers to questions
What do we answer?
(b) The Gemara bases its answer on the answer that Rebbi Yochanan gave Resh
Lakish who asked him a similar She'eilah with regard to a Korban Nazir.
What was it?