ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafBerachos 41
(a) When the two foods have different Berachos, one recites first the one
Berachah and then the other.
(b) The Beraisa, which rules that the Berachah over the radish covers the
olive (despite the fact that they require two different Berachos), speaks
when the radish was the Ikar - i.e. when he intended to eat the radish
alone, and it is only in order to dispel its strong taste, that he ate the
olive as well.
(c) In a case when the two foods require *different* Berachos, they argue
over which Berachah comes first: Rebbi Yehudah holds that one first recites
the Berachah over the olive, whilst according to the Rabbanan, he recites
first whichever he prefers.
1. If someone enters a house which has Tzara'as holding clothes or rings in
his hands, he and the clothes become Tamei immediately.
Not so the clothes and the ornaments that he is wearing: They only become
Tamei if he waits in the house the amount of time it would take to eat an
Achilas Peras (four egg-volumes) of wheat-bread with condiments, whilst he
is leaning (each of these details diminishes the time of eating).
2. The bone of a corpse is Metamei by touching and by carrying (but not by
Ohel) if it is the size of a barley.
3. The Shiur of the pits and the skin of grapes that a Nazir needs to eat
in order to be Chayav (Malkus) is a Revi'is (of a Lug = one and a half
egg-volumes) of wine (which is thicker than water, and therefore has more
surface tension than water.
4. The Shiur for carrying on Shabbos as regards food is that of a
'ki'Gerogeres' (a dried fig).
5. Wooden vessels which break, no longer receive Tum'ah. Holes up to the
size of a pomegranate, people still use the vessel, and it therefore still
receives Tum'ah. Once it is the size of a pomegranate, the owner tends to
throw it away, and it no longer receives Tum'ah. (These Dinim are confined
to the vessels of private people, not to vessels that are sold in shops,
where they tend to throw all broken vessels away, however small the hole.
6. The Shiur of most things is a Kezayis. The list includes Cheilev, blood,
Nosar and Pigul.
7. The Shiur for which one is Chayav Kareis on Yom Kipur is that of a
Koseves (a date).
(a) According to the opinion that we need the Pasuk to list the order of
priorities, the Shiurim are Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai, and the Pasuk, as
we just explained it, is only an Asmachta.
(b) "De'vash", the last of the seven kinds, refers not to bees' honey, but
to dates' honey.
(a) Rav Chisda was concerned that Rav Hamnuna recited the Berachah over the
dates which are the last mentioned in the Pasuk, and not over the
pomegranates, which are mentioned earlier.
(b) Rav Hamnuna answered that, although pomegranates are mentioned before
dates in the Pasuk, they are mentioned only fifth after the first "Eretz",
whereas dates are mentioned first after the second "Eretz".
(c) 'Ma'an Yahiv Lan Nagri de'Parzela, ve'Nashme'inach', was Rav Chisda's
way of saying that he wished that he could follow Rav Hamnuna wherever he
(a) According to Rav Huna and Rav Nachman, fruit that is brought in the
middle of the meal requires a Berachah before but not afterwards.
(b) 'Pas ha'Ba'ah be'Kisnin' is bread kneaded with spice, nuts and almonds,
which they would bring together with roasted grains - after Bensching
(according to Rashi - See Tosfos d.h. 'Ela').
That is the only thing over which one recites 'Mezonos' before eating it,
but not 'Al ha'Michyah' afterwards. (It is unclear what that has to do with
our Sugya, which is talking, not about not reciting a Berachah afterwards
because of its 'Chashivus', but because it is covered by Bensching? - See
Tosfos quoted earlier).
(c) Rebbi Chiya says that the Berachah over bread covers all food, and the
Berachah over wine, all drinks.
(a) Something which comes because of the meal refers to a food which is
usually eaten together with bread.
(b) According to Rav Papa, food that comes because of the meal during the
meal, require no Berachah at all, neither before nor afterwards.
1. Food which comes not because of the meal (which is usually not eaten
together with bread- such as porridge, cabbage or spinach, which, in those
days, were all considered to be not part of the meal), but during the meal,
requires a Berachah before but not afterwards.
(d) Ben Zoma explained that wine is different than other foods. It is not
covered by 'Motzi, like other foods are, because it is important enough to
fix itself a Berachah (even when one is not thirsty) - e.g. Kidush,
Havdalah, weddings etc.
2. Whereas, food that is usually brought after the meal (such as fruit -
even if it is now brought during the meal), requires a Berachah both before
and afterwards (i.e. it is covered neither by 'Motzi' nor by 'Bensching').