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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Berachos 48

1) Rebbi Zeira asked what the Din will be if as many as *three* of the participants ate vegetables, whether they can combine with a Mezuman of ten.

(a) Why was he upset with himself for not asking about when *four*? Why should four be any different than three or two?

(b) What did Rebbi Yirmiyah have to say about Rebbi Zeira's problem?

(a) Why did Yanai Hamelech have a problem with finding a Mezuman?

(b) What did the Queen make him swear?

(c) Whom did she subsequently bring?

Shimon ben Shetach was not impressed by Yanai's flattery.
(d) What did Yanai say to him, and what did he answer him?
(a) Why did Shimon ben Shetach initially decline to Bensch Mezuman?

(b) When did he change his mind?

(c) Why is what he did not le'Halachah?

(a) How can someone who has eaten no more than a Kezayis (which is only a Shiur de'Rabbaban), possibly be Motzi someone who has eaten the Torah Shiur for Birchas ha'Mazon?

(b) What does the Behag say about the Gemara's implication that, had Shimon ben Shetach eaten a Kezayis of bread, he would have been able to Bensch Mezuman at Yanai's table, and why does Rashi disagree with him?

(c) According to Rashi, why can a child who has reached the age of Chinuch not be Motzi a Gadol with Bensching?

(d) And how do we reconcile the ruling that one has to eat at least a Kezayis of bread in order to Bensch Mezuman, with the Beraisa which permits someone who ate or drank no more than a dried fig or some fish-juice, to combine for Mezuman?

Answers to questions



(a) On which occasion did Moshe Rabeinu compose Birchas ha'Zan?

(b) On which occasion did Yehoshua compose Birchas ha'Aretz?

(c) Who composed the Berachah of Boneh Yerushalayim?

(d) Who instituted and composed the Berachah of 'ha'Tov ve'ha'Meitiv', and on which occasion?

6) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, 'Retzei' is said in Birchas ha'Aretz.
(a) What does Rebbi Eliezer hold?
The Chachamim say 'Eino Omro Ela be'Nechamah bi'Levad'.
(b) What does 'Nechamah' mean?

(c) How do the Chachamim differ from the Tana Kama?

7) Rebbi Yishmael explains the Pasuk in Devarim like this:
"ve'Achalta ve'Sava'ata u've'Rachta" - 'Zu Birchas ha'Zimun';
"es Hashem Elokecha" - 'Zu Birchas ha'Zan';
"Al ha'Aretz" - 'Zu Birchas ha'Aretz';
"ha'Tovah" - 'Zu Boneh Yerushalayim';
"ha'Tovah" - 'Zu ha'Tov ve'ha'Meitiv'.
(a) In which two points does Rebbi Akiva disagree with Rebbi Yishmael?

(b) What does he learn from "Asher Nasan Lach"?

(c) What does Rebbi Nasan learn from the Pasuk in Shmuel "Ki Hu Yevarech es ha'Zevach"?

(d) How does Rebbi Yitzchak learn the same thing from the Pasuk in Shemos "u'Veirach es Lachmecha"?

8) When Shaul asked a group of women where he would find Shmuel, their answer was long-winded, because women tend to be talkative.
(a) Which other two reasons might have caused them to speak at such length?
Rebbi Yishmael learns Birchas ha'Torah from a Kal va'Chomer (Chayei Olam from Chayei Sha'ah). Rebbi Chiya bar Nachmeini learns it from a Gezeirah Shavah - 'Asher Nasan Lach" (Devarim) and "ve'Etna Lecha es Luchos ha'Even" (Shemos).
(b) How does Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira learn it from "ha'Aretz *ha'Tovah*"?
9) The text of Bensching must include 'Eretz Chemdah Tovah u'Rechavah' and Malchus Beis David in their respective places.
(a) Which other two things must be mentioned in the Berachah of 'Nodeh Lecha'?

(b) Why must Bris precede Torah?

(c) What is meant by the three Brisos mentioned by Torah?

(d) How many times do we say 'Hoda'ah' in the Berachah of Nodeh Lecha?

Answers to questions

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