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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Kama 92



(a) Our Mishnah learns from the Pasuk (in connection with Avimelech and Sarah) ...
1. ... "ve'Atah Hashev Eishes ha'Ish ... ve'Yispalel Ba'adcha" - that even after paying for the Bo'shes, one does not obtain forgiveness until one has asked the Nizak for forgiveness.
2. ... "Va'yispalel Avraham el ha'Elokim" - that the Nizak should be gracious (like Avraham) and readily forgive him.
(b) The Tana says that if Reuven asks Shimon to blind his eye or to cut off his arm, and Shimon complies - this does not absolve him from paying ...

(c) ... even if he added the words 'al-M'nas Liftor'.

(d) If Reuven asks Shimon ...

1. ... to break *his jar* and he complies - he is Chayav to pay.
2. ... to break his jar, but he adds 'al-M'nas Liftor' - he is Patur.
3. ... any of the above cases *to Levi* or to his property - he is always Chayav.
(a) Our Mishnah obligates the Mazik to ask the Nizak for forgiveness. This does not pertain to Bo'shes, for which he has already paid, but to the pain that he feels over the Bo'shes for which nothing can atone, until he asks for, and receives, forgiveness.

(b) The problem the Tana has with the Pasuk "ve'Atah Hashev Eishes ha'Ish Ki Navi Hu" is - that this implies that had Avraham not been a Navi, Avimelech would not have been obligated to return Sarah, which is strange to say the least.

(c) Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan therefore explains that Avimelech had to return Sarah in any event, and he explains the phrase "Ki Navi Hu" - to mean that in his capacity as a Navi, Avraham had already taught that when a guest comes to town, one asks (not after his beautiful wife, but) about whether he has somewhere to stay, a lesson, it seems, that was not absorbed by Avimelech. Consequently, all his arguments that was innocent because he really did not know that Sarah was Avraham's wife, were insufficient to absolve him from Miysah.

(d) We learn from here - that a Nochri who had the opportunity to learn Derech Eretz and failed to do so, must suffer the consequences (even to the point that he is liable to receive the death-penalty for his negligence).

(a) "Ki Atzor Atzar Hashem be'Ad Kol Rechem be'Veis Avimelech". According to Rebbi Elazar, the double expression teaches us that the Shichvas Zera of the men was stopped - and of the women, that of Shichvas Zera and that of childbirth.

(b) According to a Beraisa, there were two stoppages by men and three by women, and according to Ravina, there were three by men and four by women. The extra stoppage affected both men and women ...

1. ... according to the Beraisa was - that of urine.
2. ... according to Ravina over and above the previous one, was - that of defecating.
(c) According to Rebbi Yanai, even the chickens of Avimelech's household - stopped laying eggs.
(a) Rabah bar Mari learns from Iyov that if someone Davens on behalf of his friend and he needs the same thing, he is answered first. Rava learns it - from Avraham, who Davened for Avimelech, his wife and his maidservants to have children (among other things). After the Pasuk informs us that Hashem answered his prayers, the Pasuk continues "And Hashem had (already) remembered Sarah ... ".

(b) What Rabah bar Mari learns from the Pasuk "Lamah Sarivu Elai Kulchem Pesha'tem Bi ... " (including the Navi), Rava learns from the Pasuk "Ad Masai Me'antem Li'shmor Mitzvosai ... ". He learns from here - that 'the cabbage is smitten together with the thorns' (the Torah includes the Tzadik, who is innocent of the crime, together with those who are guilty).

(c) Rava prefers his sources to those of Rabah bar Mari - because he prefers to learn from a Pasuk in the Torah than from one in Nevi'im or Kesuvim.

(a) Rabah bar Mari explained that the Pasuk in Vayigash "u'Miktzeh Echav refers to Dan, Zevulun, Gad, Asher, and Naftali - whom he categorized as those whose names Moshe doubled in ve'Zos ha'B'rachah.

(b) Yosef picked specifically these five to present to Par'oh for the same reason that Moshe doubled their names - because they looked weaker than their brothers, and were less likely to be conscripted into the army. Moshe, on the other hand, doubled their names in order to strengthen them.

(c) Yehudah's name does indeed occur twice - but that is for a difference reason, as we shall now see.

(a) Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini Amar Rebbi Yonasan learns from the Pasuk ...
1. ... "Y'chi Reuven ve'Al Yamos ... ve'Zos li'Yehudah" - that Moshe prayed to Hashem to bring Yehudah's bones together, on the grounds that it was due to Yehudah's confession that Reuven confessed (and *his* bones were intact).
2. ... "Sh'ma Hashem Kol Yehudah" - that Hashem responded to Moshe's request and brought Yehudah's bones together.
3. ... "ve'Amo Tevi'enu" - that He then brought him to the Yeshivah shel Ma'alah.
4. ... "Yadav Rav Lo" - that he was able to join in the battle of Torah with the other Talmidei-Chachamim.
5. ... "ve'Eizer mi'Tzarav Tih'yeh" - that his opinion was accepted as Halachah.
(b) Yehudah confessed - in order to save Tamar from burning.
(a) Rabah bar Mari learned from the Mishnah in Bikurim the folk-saying that poverty follows the poor. The Tana says there that the rich brought their Bikurim in golden baskets, whilst the poor brought theirs in willow wickerwork baskets.

(b) The golden baskets were returned to their wealthy owners - whereas the wickerwork baskets remained the Kohen's.

(c) Rava learns the same thing from the Pasuk - "ve'Tamei Tamei Yikra", which teaches us that a Metzora leaving the camp had to announce that he was Tamei, adding salt onto his wounds, by having to publicize his predicament, as if the pain he felt at having been proclaimed a Metzora was not sufficient.




(a) Rabah bar Mari learns from the Pasuk "Lo Yir'avu, ve'Lo Yitz'ma'u ve'Lo Yakem Sharav va'Shamesh" - that 'sixty racing men cannot catch the one who ate breakfast'.

(b) Rava learns it from the Pasuk in Beshalach. According to him, the Pasuk ...

1. ... "va'Avadtem es Hashem Elokeichem" - pertains to K'riy'as Sh'ma.
2. ... "u'Veirach es Lachmecha ve'es Meimecha" - to Tefilah.
3. ... "va'Hasirosi Machlah mi'Kirbecha" - to bread and salt and a jar of water (for breakfast).
(c) The Beraisa interprets "Machlah" - as a sick gall (of the liver).

(d) This ties up with the numerical value of the word - eighty-three, which is equivalent to the number of illnesses that are connected with it.

(a) Rabah bar Mari learned from the Pasuk ...
1. ... "va'Yomar, Hagar Shifchas Sarai Ei mi'Zeh Ba's ... va'Tomar, Mipnei Sarai Gevirti Anochi Borachas" - that if someone calls you a donkey, tie a donkey's saddle on yourself.
2. ... "va'Yomar, Eved Avraham Anochi" - that right at the outset, one should announce one's shortcoming.
3. ... "ve'Heitiv Hashem la'Adoni ve'Zacharta es Amasecha" - the goose may be a lowly creature, but it looks far ahead (that one should not be shy to ask for one's needs, whatever they may be).
1. Rabah bar Mari learned the folk-saying 'Sixty pains reach the tooth that hears its friend eating whilst it itself is not eating' from Nasan ha'Navi - who complained that Adoniyahu had not invited Tzadok ha'Kohen, Benayahu ben Yehoyada, Shlomoh ha'Melech and *himself* to his party.
2. Rava learned it from Avraham - who married Keturah immediately after Yitzchak married Rifkah.
(a) Rabah bar Mari learn from ...
1. ... the fact that one Pasuk explains how Hashem instructed Moshe to place his hand on Yehoshua, to fill him with wisdom, in order that Yisrael should listen to him, and another relates how Moshe placed his hands on Yehoshua ... - that one tends to thank the waiter, even though the meal was provided by the owner (see also Tosfos).
2. ... the Pasuk " ... ve'Nefesh Re'eivah Kol Mar Masok" - that a hungry dog will eat anything, even stones (or dung).
(b) Rabah bar Mari learned from the Pasuk in ben Siyra "Birds of a feather flock together" - that one will find barren date-palms among non-fruit bearing trees.

(c) When initially, Rava asked him for the source, he replied - that this was to be found in a Pasuk in Torah, in Nevi'im and in Kesuvim, in a Mishnah and in a Beraisa.

(d) He derived it ...

1. ... in the Chumash from Yishmael - who married Machalas, a daughter of Eisav.
2. ... in Nevi'im from Yiftach - who, the Pasuk relates, was initially an outcast, and who attracted "empty men".
(a) The Mishnah in Keilim says 'Kol ha'Mechubar ...
1. ... el ha'Tamei' - Tamei ...
2. ... el ha'Tahor' - Tahor. Consequently, metal hooks of a bed or a table (which are themselves subject to Tum'ah), are subject to Tum'ah too, whereas those of a wooden candelabra (which is not), are not subject to Tum'ah, either.
(b) Rebbi Eliezer in a Beraisa proves from the fact that the starling went to nest with the raven - that it must belong to the same family as the raven, and like it, is a Tamei species.

(c) Rabah bar Mari learned from the Pasuk ...

1. ... in Yechezkel "Ya'an Tihartich ve'Lo Tihart mi'Tum'asich, Lo Titahari Od"- that if someone fails to respond to a rebuke, then one may push a wall on him (i.e. let him go to his own doom).
2. ... "ve'Lo Sesa'ev Mitzri Ki Ger Hayisa be'Artzo" (in connection with a pit from whose water one drank) - that one should not throw things into a pit from which drank (repay bad for good [irrespective of who one's benefactor is]).
(d) Rabah bar Mari derived the folk-saying 'If you will help me carry the load I will carry it, otherwise, I won't' - from Barak, who told Devorah (his wife) that he would only lead Yisrael into battle if she would accompany him.
12) Rabah bar Mari derived the saying ...
1. ... 'When we were young we were like men, and now that we have grown-up, we are like children' - from Yisrael in the desert, who, at first, were accompanied by the Pillar of Cloud and of Fire, which were led by Hashem Himself, but later Hashem told them that He would send an Angel to protect them.
2. ... 'Go after a wealthy man and you will draw fat' - from Lot, who, the Pasuk in Lech-Lecha teaches us, became rich only because he accompanied Avraham.
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