REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Kama 9
(a) If Reuven sells a field to Shimon without Acharayus, and someone claims
that it is his, Shimon may retract, according to Abaye, as long as he has
not made a Chazakah.
What is considered a Chazakah in this regard (see
Tosfos DH 'mi'Shehichzik')?
(b) Why can he no longer retract, once he has made a Chazakah? What is a
(c) How will the Din differ Shimon purchased the field with Acharayus?
(d) Others disagree.
On what grounds do they hold that even then, he
cannot retract once he has made a Chazakah?
(a) Which problem is Rav Huna coming to resolve, when he says 'O Kesef O
(b) According to Rav Huna, is the Mazik permitted to pay oats?
(c) If "Yeshiva" 'Learns Shaveh Kesef, Afilu Subbing' speaks specifically
when he has no money and no Karka, why do we need a Beraisa to teach us
this? What alternative might he have?
(a) Rav Asi says 'Kesafim, Harei Hein ke'Karka'.
On what grounds do we
initially decline to explain this with regard to Meitav?
(b) So we try to establish it by two brothers who divided their father's
property (one the Karka, and one, the Metaltelin).
What will Rav Asi then
be teaching us with regard to their father's creditor who claimed a field
from the son with the Karka?
(c) There are two versions of the reason for refuting this explanation. One
of them is because it is obvious.
Why is it obvious?
(d) What is the second version?
(a) So we try to establish Rav Asi where the two brothers divided their
father's Karka, and the creditor claimed from one of them (this will be
On what grounds do we reject this interpretation of
Rav Asi's statement?
(b) What does Rav mean when he says in the same case, 'Batlah Machlokes'?
(c) What does Shmuel say?
(a) Why does ...
(b) What does Rav Asi mean when he says 'Notel Revi'a be'Karka u'Revi'a
- ... Rav say 'Batlah Machlokes'?
- ... Shmuel say "Viter'?
(c) Which principle governs his ruling?
- ... according to Rashi's first explanation?
- ... according to Rashi's second explanation?
(d) So how do we finally amend the text of Rav Asi's first statement
('Kesafim Harei Hein ke'Karka')?
(a) On what grounds do we refute the suggestion that, when Rav Asi Amar
Rebbi Zeira Amar Rav Huna says 'be'Mitzvah ad Shelish', he means that a
person is obligated to spend as much as a third of his money to buy a Lulav,
Tzitzis or a Sefer-Torah?
Answers to questions
(b) So what *does* he mean?
(c) Rav Ashi asked 'Sh'lish mi'Legav O Sh'lish mi'Lebar'.
What did he mean
(d) What did they add in Eretz Yisrael in the name of Rebbi Zeira?
- ... 'Sh'lish mi'Legav'?
- ... 'Sh'lish mi'Lebar"?
(a) What does the Tana of our Mishnah mean when he says ...
(b) Is one obligated to pay for damaging property that belongs to ...
- ... 'Kol she'Chavti bi'Shemiraso, Hechsharti es Nizko'?
- ... 'Hechsharti be'Miktzas Nizko, Chavti be'Tashlumei Nizko ke'Hechsher Kol Nizko'.
(c) One is also only obligated to pay for damages to 'Nechasim
- ... Hekdesh?
- ... Nochrim?
What are 'Nechasim ha'Meyuchadim?
(d) Why is the Mazik exempt from paying if the damage occurred in his own
(a) What does the Seifa of our Mishnah 'u'che'Shehizik, Chav ha'Mazik
Leshalem Tashlumei Nezek be'Meitav ha'Aretz' come to include (according to
(b) 'Kol she'Chavti bi'Shemiraso ... ' comes to include the case of Shor and
Bor that one handed to a 'Chashu' to look after.
What does the Beraisa say
about handing Eish to a 'Chashu'? What is a 'Chashu'?
(c) Why are we reluctant to establish the Reisha of this Beraisa by ...
(d) Consequently, according to Resh Lakish, we have to establish the Beraisa
by a tied ox and a covered pit.
- ... a tied ox and a covered pit?
- ... an untied ox and an uncovered pit? What does Resh Lakish in the name of Chizkiyah say about someone who hands a 'Chashu' a burning flame?
What is then the difference between them
and an un-fanned coal?
(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan say about someone who hands a 'Chashu' a
(b) And what is the difference between it and an untied ox or an uncovered
(c) What does 'Tzavsa de'Cheresh ka'Garim' mean?
(a) Shor has four Chumros over Bor. If it killed a man it becomes Asur
be'Hana'ah (after the Beis-Din have sentenced it to death) and its way is to
damage whilst it is moving.
Answers to questions
What are the other two (Halachic) Chumros?
(b) What are the two Chumros of Bor over Shor?