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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Kama 55


(a) What are the Amora'im referring to when they speak about "Tov" being mentioned in the second Luchos but not in the first ones?

(b) What strange comment did Rebbi Chiya bar Aba make when he was asked the reason for this?

(c) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi heard a reason for it.
What was it?

(d) How did Rav Ashi elaborate on it?

(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi states that it is good omen to see a 'Tes' in a dream, because it signifies 'Tov' which is written in the Torah for the good.
How do we know that 'Tov' does not signify the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Yeshayah "ve'Ta'tesiyhah bi'Meta'atei Hashmeid" (with its connotations of destructions)?
  2. ... in Eichah "Tum'asah be'Shuleheh'?
  3. ... in Eichah "Tav'u ba'Aretz She'arehah"? What does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi then mean to say?
(b) And what does he say about seeing 'Hesped' in a dream?

(c) What sort of 'Hesped' is he referring to?

(a) What does Resh Lakish extrapolate from our Mishneh (with regard to the Dinim of Kil'ayim) about a rooster, a peacock and a quail?

(b) Why is this not obvious? Why do we need Resh Lakish to teach if to us?

(c) Shmuel states that a gander and a wild gander are considered Kil'ayim. Why can the reason for this not be because one of them has a large beak, and the other, a small one?

(d) Abaye attributes the distinction between the two species to the fact that the testicles of the wild gander protrude, whereas those of the regular gander do not.
To what does Rav Papa attribute it?

4) What does Rebbi Yirmiyah Amar Resh Lakish learn from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' fro m "le'Miyneihu" "le'Miyneihu", one written by land creatures, the other, by sea creatures?


(a) Rachbah asks whether Kil'ayim will apply if someone draws a wagon the river-bank using a goat and a fish.
What are the two sides of his She'eilah?

(b) Ravina queried his She'eilah by asking whether, by the same token, someone held a wheat and a barley kernel in his hand, and standing on the border of Eretz Yisrael and Chutz la'Aretz, he planted one in Eretz Yisrael and one in Chutz la'Aretz (within three Tefachim of each other see Tosfos DH 'Ela'). What did he mean to ask?

(c) How did Rachbah counter Ravina's query?

(d) Our Sugya goes like the Rabbanan, who require any two seeds of any two species to constitute Kil'ayim in Eretz Yisrael. What does Rebbi Yashiyah say (see Tosfos, ibid.)?

Answers to questions

***** Hadran Alach Shor she'Nagach es ha'Parah *****


***** Perek ha'Kones *****


(a) What does the Tana of our Mishnah say about a sheep in a pen that escaped and damaged ...
  1. ... by day?
  2. ... by night or through robbers breaking in even by day?
  3. ... if robbers actually took it out?
(b) What will be the Din if someone left his sheep in the sun or in the charge of ...
  1. ... a 'Chashu'?
  2. ... a shepherd?
(c) And what will be the Din if the sheep ate a row of vegetables in someone's vegetable garden ...
  1. ... after falling from a raised field or street?
  2. ... after walking down on its own volition?
(d) How do Beis-Din reckon the value of the row of vegetables that his sheep ate, according to ...
  1. ... the Tana Kama of the Mishnah?
  2. ... Rebbi Shimon?
(a) How does the Beraisa define 'ka'Ra'uy' (for which the Mishnah exempts the owner of the sheep from paying after escaping from a closed pen)?

(b) Rebbi Mani bar Patish establishes our Mishnah (with regard to the previous Halachah) like Rebbi Yehudah.
What does he mean? What does Rebbi Yehudah say in the Mishnah in ('Shor she'Nagach Arba'ah va'Chamishah')?

(c) On what grounds do we reject Rebbi Mani's suggestion? Why might the author of our Mishnah (which is dealing with Shein) be Rebbi Meir?

(d) How does Rabah prove this?

(a)The establishing of our Mishnah like Rebbi Meir is based on a statement by Rebbi Elazar (or on a Beraisa), which lists four things that only require a superficial Shemirah.
What are they?

(b) From where does Rebbi Elazar learn that a superficial Shemirah suffices by Bor?

(c) What does he learn from ...

  1. ... "Shalem Yeshalem ha'Mav'ir es ha'Be'eirah"?
  2. ... "u'Bi'er bi'S'dsei Acher" and "ve'Shilach es Be'iroh" respectively?
(a) What does Rebbi Yehoshua in a Beraisa say about the following four things? What do they have in common? Reuven who breaks down a wall in front of Shimon's animal, which goes and causes damage; bends Shimon's corn into the path of a fire; hires false witnesses to give testimony or declines to testify on behalf of a litigant?

(b) In the first of the four cases, why can Rebbi Yehoshua not be referring to a stable wall?

(c) Then what sort of a wall is he referring to?

Answers to questions

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