REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Kama 69
(a) In a Mishnah in Ma'aser Sheini, the Tana describes how they used to mark
certain areas with different markings to warn people to keep away.
they mark ...
(b) What did they do with the lime before application?
- ... a Kerem Revai by surrounding it with clods of earth?
- ... a Kerem of Orlah by surrounding it with broken pieces of tiles?
- ... a grave by surrounding it with lime?
(c) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel restricts these practices to the Sh'mitah year.
Why is that?
(d) What did the Tzenu'in used to do?
(a) Why does this S'tam Mishnah pose a Kashya on Rebbi Yochanan?
(b) On what grounds do we refute the answer that the author of the Mishnah
is Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, in which case it is no longer a S'tam Mishnah,
but a minority opinion?
(c) How many times in Shas is the Halachah not like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel
(d) How do we initially amend the Mishnah in order to accommodate Rebbi
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, the owner would declare Hefker
each morning 'Kol she'Yilketu' (all Leket that the poor would collect in the
course of the day).
Why was this necessary? Surely, all Leket is Hefker
(b) What does Rebbi Dosa say?
(c) What did Rebbi Yochanan say about the Tzenu'in and Rebbi Dosa that
refutes our amendment of the Mishnah in Ma'aser Sheini?
(d) We answer that the Beraisa too, needs to be amended, and that we must
switch the opinions of Rebbi Dosa and Rebbi Yehudah (in which case Rebbi
Dosa and the Tzenu'in both hold 'Kol she'Yilketu' [which is the equivalent
of 'Kol ha'Mislaket']).
On what grounds do we query this answer?
(a) We reply that in any event we are forced to switch the opinions of Rebbi
Yehudah and Rebbi Dosa, because the stated opinion of Rebbi Yehudah with
regard to 'Bereirah' creates a problem with another statement of his in
Answers to questions
What does Rebbi Yehudah hold here (by Leket) regarding
(b) Rebbi Meir holds that if someone buys wine from a Kuti late on Friday
afternoon, he declares Terumah, Ma'aser and Ma'aser Sheini in advance of the
But will it not be a matter of Bereirah when he later
(c) How much must the owner actually separate from a hundred Lugin of wine
(d) What do Rebbi Yehudah, Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Shimon say? To what
reasoning do we currently attribute this?
- ... for Terumah?
- ... for Ma'aser Rishon?
- ... for Ma'aser Sheini?
(a) We may have now resolved Rebbi Yehudah's statements, having concluded
that he holds 'Ein Bereirah'. But we are still faced with a contradiction in
Rebbi Yochanan (in whose opinion both the Tzenu'in and Rebbi Dosa hold 'Yesh
What did Rav Asi say in his name regarding brothers who
divided their deceased father's property?
(b) So how do we finally conclude in Rebbi Yochanan with regard to 'Kol
(c) But if the Tzenu'in (who say 'Kol ha'Mislaket') hold 'Yesh Bereirah',
how can Rebbi Yochanan hold otherwise (as we ascertained earlier)?
(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan extrapolate from our Mishnah 'Ein ha'Gonev Achar
ha'Ganav Meshalem Tashlumei Kefel' that the owner cannot declare Hekdesh an
article over which he has no jurisdiction?
(b) And how do we reconcile Rebbi Yehudah (whose initial statement of 'Kol
she'Yilketu' we have reinstated) with his opinion in the Beraisa in D'mai,
where he forbids the owner to declare Ma'aser on Erev Shabbos and to Ma'aser
it on Shabbos after he has drunk part of it? If he holds 'Yesh Bereirah',
then why does he forbid it?
(c) How does Rebbi Yochanan extrapolate the opinion of our S'tam Mishnah
(rather than the S'tam Mishnah of Tzenu'in) from the Pasuk "ve'Ish Ki
Yakdish es Beiso Kodesh"?
(a) Abaye points out that, had Rebbi Yochanan not equated the opinion of the
Tzenu'in with that of Rebbi Dosa, he would have said that Rebbi Dosa (who
talks about the poor collecting Leket), disagrees with the Tzenu'in (who
talk about a Ganav picking fruit from a Kerem Revai).
Why is that?
(b) According to him, would the Tzenu'in agree with Rebbi Dosa?
(a) In similar style, Rava points out that, were it not for Rebbi Yochanan's
statement, he would have established the Tzenu'in like Rebbi Meir, who holds
'Ma'aser Mamon Gavohah Hu'.
And in similar style again, Ravina states that, if not for Rebbi Yochanan,
he would have established the author of the Beraisa of Tzenu'in as Rebbi
What do we nevertheless learn from the Pasuk
in Bechukosai "ve'Im Yig'al Ish mi'Ma'asro"?
(b) How does Rava then connect the Tzenu'in with Rebbi Meir via the Pasuk in
Kedoshim (in connection with Neta Revai) "Kodesh Hilulim"?
(c) And what would the Tzenu'in then hold in the case of Rebbi Dosa ('Kol
(d) Rebbi Yochanan therefore informs us that this is not the case, but that
'Tzenu'in ve'Rebbi Dosa Amru Davar Echad'.
What are the ramifications of
What would he have gained by doing so?
Answers to questions