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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Kama 82

BAVA KAMA 82 (30 Tishrei) - dedicated by Reb Mordechai Rabin (London/Yerushalayim) l'Iluy Nishmas his father, ha'Gaon Rav Gedalya Rabinowitz of Manchester, England (and in his later years, Bnei Brak, Israel). Hearing a Shiur of his was an unforgettable experience, as his many Talmidim, both Bnei Yeshiva and Ba'alei Batim, can attest.


(a) Ezra too, instituted ten Takanos. He established the Leining at Shsabbos Minchah.
Which other Leining did he institute?

(b) What else did he establish to take place on Monday and Thursday?

(c) And what did he institute to be done on ...

  1. ... Thursday?
  2. ... on Friday by men?
  3. ... early in the morning by women?
(d) And what did he institute that women should ...
  1. ... wear?
  2. ... do prior to Tevilah?
(a) The ninth Takanah was that peddlers should go round the towns.
What for?

(b) What is the tenth Takanah?

(a) How did the Dorshei Reshumos interpret the Pasuk in Beshalach "Va'yelchu Sheloshes Yamim be'Lo Mayim"? What does "Mayim" mean in this context?

(b) What did the Nevi'im of that time therefore institute?

(c) Seeing as Leining was already established in the days of Moshe, what did Ezra then establish?

(d) If the three Pesukim that Moshe's generation established corresponded to the Kohanim, Levi'im and Yisre'elim, what did the ten Pesukim that Ezra established represent?

(a) Why did Ezra fix specifically Monday and Thursdays as the days for Beis-Din to convene?

(b) He established eating garlic on Fridays, based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Asher Piryo Yiten be'Ito".
How do Rav Yehudah or ... or Rebbi Yochanan interpret this Pasuk? What has garlic got to do with this?

(c) Garlic has five physical advantages: It satisfies, heats the body, and causes one's face to shine.
Besides increasing the Zera, as we just explained, what else does it do?

(d) Others add a sixth (spiritual) property.
What does it bring in and what does it drive out?

(a) 'What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shemini ...
  1. ... "ve'Rachatz es *Besaro ba'Mayim*"?
  2. ... "ve'Rachatz *es* Besaro ba'Mayim"?
(b) Seeing as a Chatzitzah in the hair is d'Oraysa, what did Ezra then add with the Takanah of Chafifah?
Answers to questions



(a) Why was Ezra so concerned about the women having sufficient ornaments?
Why did he find the Takanah of peddlers so important?

(b) The Torah writes in Shemini "ve'Ish Ki Seitzei Mimenu Shichvas Zara, ve'Rachatz es Besaro ba'Mayim".
In that case, why did Ezra need to institute Tevilah for Ba'alei Keri?

(a) The Tana says ten things about Yerushalayim. 'Ein ha'Bayis Chalut Bah'.
What does this mean?

(b) It neither brings an Eglah Arufah nor can it be declared an Ir ha'Nidachas.
What is the Din regarding Tum'as Nega'im?

(c) What else besides beams may not protrude into the street?

(d) Neither trash-heaps nor lime-kilns are permitted, nor are gardens or orchards.
What is the exception to the latter prohibition?

(a) We have already learned that chickens may not be kept in Yerushalayim. The tenth thing concerns corpses.
What does the Tana say about them?

(b) The above Halachos concerning a house of Batei Arei Chomah, Eglah Arufah, Ir ha'Nidachas, and Tum'as Nega'im, which the Tana extrapolates from the four Pesukim "ve'Kam ha'Bayis Asher ba'Ir Asher Lo Chomah li'Tzemisus *la'Koneh Oso le'Dorosav*" (in Behar), "Ki Yimatzei Chalal ba'Adamah Asher Hashem Elokecha Nosen Lecha *Nachalah le'Rishtah*" (in Shoftim), "Arecha" (Re'ei) and ve'Nasati Nega Tzara'as be'Veis *Eretz Achuzaschem*", respectively, are all based on the same presumption.
Which presumption?

(c) Why, besides the concern for Ohel ha'Meis, may beams and balconies not protrude into the street?

(d) What is the reason for the prohibition of ...

  1. ... trash-heaps?
  2. ... lime-kilns?
  3. ... gardens and orchards?
  4. ... leaving a corpse overnight?
(a) Chazal forbade keeping Chazeirim due to an episode that took place during the civil war between Hurkanus and Aristobulus.
How did those besieged in Yerushalayim (Aristobulus), manage to bring the Korban Tamid each day? From where did they obtain the two lambs?

(b) What did that old man who had studied Greek philosophy advise Hurkanus to do that changed the situation? Why did he make such a suggestion?

(c) What happened next? Which two curses did Chazal subsequently issue?

(d) What is the significance of the fact that, that year, the Omer came from Gagos Tzerifim and the Sh'tei ha'Lechem from the valley of Ein Sochar? Where did they usually come from?

Answers to questions

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