POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Metzia 11
BAVA METZIA 11-17 - This study material has been produced with the help of
the Israeli ministry of religious affairs.
1) ACQUISITION BY A FIELD
(a) (Mishnah): Reuven saw people chasing a lost object in his
field, e.g. after a lame deer, or chicks that cannot
flutter, and said 'my field should acquire for me' - he
2) MUST ONE BE BY THE FIELD?
1. If they were chasing a healthy deer or chicks that
can flutter, saying 'my field should acquire for me'
(b) (Gemara - Rav Yehudah): This is only when he Reuven is
standing by his field.
(c) Question: His field should acquire for him (even if he is
1. (R. Yosi bar Chanina): A man's field acquires for
him without his knowledge.
(d) Answer: That is only when it is guarded; if not, it only
acquires if he is there.
(e) Question: How do we know this?
(f) Answer (Beraisa): Reuven was in the city. He said, 'I
know that workers forgot a sheaf in my field - it should
not be Shichechah (a forgotten sheaf, which must be left
for the poor)' - one might have thought, it is not
Shichechah - "And you will forget a sheaf in the field" -
when you forget (when you are) in the field, not when you
forget in the city.
1. Question: By saying 'one might have thought, it is
not Shichechah', this implies that it is Shichechah
- but the verse is expounded to teach that in the
city it is not Shichechah!
2. .Answer: We expound, in the field, it is only
Shichechah if it was forgotten from the beginning,
not if it was remembered and then forgotten;
i. Question: Why is this?
3. In the city, even if he remembered and then forgot
it, it is Shichechah.
ii. Answer: Since he is there, his field acquires
i. Question: Why is this?
4. Suggestion: Perhaps the Torah decreed that it is
only Shichechah when he is in the field, not when he
is in the city!
ii. Answer: Since he is not there, his field does
not acquire for him.
5. Rejection: "Do not return to take it" - this
includes Shichechah when he is in the city.
6. Question: That verse is needed, to teach that one
who takes it transgresses a Lav!
7. Answer #1: It could have said "Do not take it" to
make it a Lav; by saying "Do not return", it also
includes Shichechah of the city.
8. Question: We need "Do not return" to teach a
i. (Mishnah): What is in front of (one harvesting)
is not Shichechah; what is in back of him is
Shichechah, for "Do not return" applies to it;
9. Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): "It will be" includes
Shichechah of the city.
ii. The general rule is, Shichechah is only when
"Do not return" applies.
(a) (Ula and Rabah bar bar Chana): The field only acquires
when he is standing by it.
(b) Question (R. Aba - Mishnah): There was an episode in
which R. Gamliel was on a boat with R. Yehoshua and R.
Akiva. He said 'the tithe I will separate (as Ma'aser
Rishon) is given to R. Yehoshua; the area it rests on is
rented to him'
(c) 'The second tithe I will separate (as Ma'aser Oni) is
given to R. Akiva; who will acquire on behalf of the
poor; the area it rests on is rented to him'
3) A GIVER MAKES A DIFFERENCE
1. R. Yehoshua and R. Akiva were not by the field, yet
(d) Ula: You ask as one who has never learned.
(e) R. Aba repeated this dialogue in front of Rabanan in
(f) Answer #1 (A Chacham): The land did not acquire the
tithes for them - rather, they acquired them Agav (along
with) acquiring the land!
(g) R. Zeira accepted this answer; R. Aba did not.
(h) Rava: Indeed, this answer is unacceptable!
1. Question: Why didn't they acquire them through
Chalipin, surely they had a garment to do Chalipin!
(i) Rejection: Chalipin cannot be used for gifts to a Kohen
because the Torah said they should be given - Chalipin is
a way of commerce;
2. Answer (Rava): We must say, since R. Gamliel does
not own the tithes themselves, only the Tovas
Hana'ah (right to give it to the Levi or poor person
of his choice), Chalipin does not work;
i. Similarly, one cannot acquire something Agav
(land) when the giver only owns Tovas Hana'ah.
ii. (Rather, R. Gamliel allowed them to acquire it,
as one acquires Hefker; the field acquired if
1. Agav is a method of giving, it can be used.
(a) Answer #3 (Rav Papa): The case of R. Gamliel is different
- since (a person with intellect) gave the tithes, the
field can acquire even if the owner is not there.
(b) Question: How do we know this?
(c) Answer (Mishnah): Reuven saw people chasing a lost object
in his field...(his field acquires).
1. (R. Yirmeyah): This is only if one could chase and
catch (the lame deer, or chicks that cannot
(d) Question (Rav Simi): But a Get is given by a person with
intelligence, yet Ula taught that (when the husband threw
it into his wife's yard or house) she is divorced only if
she is by her yard or house!
2. Question (R. Yirmeyah): What is the law by a gift?
3. Answer (R. Aba bar Kahana): By a gift, even if one
cannot catch them, the field acquires. (He accepted
i. Question: Why is a gift different?
ii. Answer: Because a person with intelligence gave
(e) Answer #1 (Rav Papa): A Get is different, because she
acquires it against her will.
(f) Question (Rav Sheshes brei d'Rav Idi): That is illogical!
1. She acquires a Get against her will - still, she
must be by her yard;
(g) Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): The Torah says that a yard acquires
as a person's hand, but it can also acquire as a
2. A gift, which a person chooses to receive, all the
more so he must be by the field!
1. Regarding a Get - this is disadvantageous for her,
something disadvantageous may only be done in front
of the person;
2. Regarding a gift - this is advantageous, something
advantageous may be done in a person's absence.