POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Metzia 52
BAVA METZIA 51-55 - Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fawer has dedicated two weeks of
Dafyomi study material to honor the second Yahrzeit of her father, Reb
Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner, who passed away 18 Teves 5761). May the
merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy
1) INCOMPLETE COINS
(a) (Mishnah - R. Meir): How much can a Sela lack, (and be given as a Sela)
without transgressing Ona'ah? Up to four Isarim, one Isar per Dinar;
2) KEEPING DEFICIENT COINS
(b) R. Yehudah says, up to four Pundeyonim, one Pundeyon per Dinar.
(c) R. Shimon says, up to eight Pundeyonim, two Pundeyonim per Dinar.
(d) (A coin lacking too much -) in a big city (in which there are
moneychangers), it may be returned until the time needed to show it to a
moneychanger; in a village, until Erev Shabbos (when people buy needs of
Shabbos, and would find that it is lacking).
1. If the one who gave the coin recognizes it, he should accept it even
after 12 months; he only has complaints (this will be explained).
(e) A lacking coin may be used to redeem Ma'aser Sheni, since a proper
person accepts it.
(f) (Gemara) Contradiction (Beraisa): Until how much can a Sela lack, and
one who gives it transgresses Ona'ah?...(if it lacks exactly this amount, it
is disqualified - our Mishnah accepts it!)
(g) Answer (Rav Papa): The Tana of our Mishnah starts from below (a small
lack is acceptable, until an Isar, that would be Ona'ah); the Beraisa starts
from above (a big lack is Ona'ah, until an Isar, which is still Ona'ah).
(h) Question: Why do the Tana'im only argue regarding Ona'ah of a coin - by
a purchase (the Mishnah 49B), they did not argue!
(i) Answer #1 (Rava): They also argue by a purchase - that Mishnah is R.
Shimon, who says that one part in six is Ona'ah.
(j) Answer #2 (Abaye): Regarding a garment, a person pardons up to a sixth -
if needed, one overpays for clothing;
1. But if people will not accept a coin, one who received it is not
(k) (Beraisa): Until how much can a Sela lack, and one who gives (as a Sela)
it transgresses Ona'ah? R. Meir says, up to four Isarim, one Isar per Dinar;
1. R. Yehudah says, up to four Pundeyonim, one Pundeyon per Dinar.
(l) More than this, it is sold as its value.
2. R. Shimon says, up to eight Pundeyonim, two Pundeyonim per Dinar.
(m) Until how much can a deficient coin lack, and is permitted to keep it
(we are not concerned that it will be used to deceive)? A Sela - until it is
a Shekel (half a Sela); a Dinar - until a quarter.
1. An Isar less than this, it is forbidden.
(n) Question: Why can a Sela lack until half, but a Dinar can lack until a
2. He may not sell it to a merchant, extortionist or murderer, for they will
deceive others with it.
3. Rather, he should make a hole in it and let his child wear it as a
(o) Answer (Abaye): The Beraisa means, a Dinar can lack until a quarter of a
Shekel, which is half a Dinar.
(p) Support (Rava): The Beraisa says, a quarter, it does not say 'a fourth'
(which would connote, a fourth of its value).
(q) Question: Why does the Tana express the amount with respect to a
Shekel - it should say, until half (of its own value)!
(r) Answer: This teaches (without needing to elaborate) that one may keep a
deficient Shekel that now weighs a Dinar - this supports R. Ami.
1. (R. Ami): A deficient Shekel that now weighs a Dinar may be kept, a
deficient Sela that now weighs a Dinar may not be kept (since it comes from
a thick, wide coin, people might believe it is a Shekel.
(a) (Beraisa): An Isar less than this, it is forbidden.
(b) Question: What does this mean?
(c) Answer #1 (Abaye): If it lacks an Isar more than the allowed deficiency,
it is forbidden to use it.
(d) Rejection (Rava): If it lacks anything more than the allowed deficiency,
it is forbidden to use it!
(e) Answer #2 (Rava): If a Sela lacks an Isar per Dinar, it is forbidden to
use it - the Beraisa is R. Meir.
(f) (Mishnah): A Sela that was disqualified and fixed to be used for
weighing - it receives Tum'ah (for it has been transformed into a vessel);
1. Until how much can a coin lack, and is permitted to keep it? A Sela -
until it is two Dinarim; if it is less than this, he must cut it.
(g) Question: What if more than two Dinarim remain?
(h) Answer #1 (Rav Huna): Whether more or less than two Dinarim remain, he
must cut it;
(i) Answer #2 (R. Ami): If less than two Dinarim remain, he must cut it; if
more than two Dinarim remain, he may keep it.
(j) Question (against Rav Huna - Beraisa): If more remains, he sells it for
3) RETURNING DEFICIENT COINS
1. Suggestion: The case is, it is lacking more than the amount of Ona'ah (he
sells it according to its weight).
(k) Answer: No, it is lacking less than the amount of Ona'ah (he sells it
for its minted value, a Sela).
(l) Question (Beraisa): Until how much can a coin lack, and is permitted to
keep it? A Sela - until a Shekel.
1. Suggestion: It was gradually decreasing, and it is permitted to keep it
until it is less than a Shekel.
(m) Answer: No, it fell into a fire, the decrease came at once. (Beraisa):
He should make a hole in it and let his child wear it as a necklace.
(n) Contradiction (Beraisa): One should not use a deficient coin as a
weight, nor throw it among his broken silver vessels, nor make a hole in it
to be a necklace for his child - rather, he should pulverize it, melt it,
cut it or throw it in the Dead Sea.
(o) Answer: It is permitted to make a hole in the middle, but not in the
side (for a swindler may even it out to make it look proper).
(a) (Mishnah): In a big city it may be returned until the time needed to
show it to a moneychanger; in a village, until Erev Shabbos.
(b) Question: Why does the time to return coins vary between cities and
villages, but not for returning a purchase (Mishnah 49B)?
(c) Answer #1 (Abaye): The Mishnah of a purchase gives the law for cities
(indeed, the law in villages is different)!
(d) Answer #2 (Rava): Everyone knows the value of a garment - but only
moneychangers are proficient regarding coins;
1. In a city, one can show it to a moneychanger; in a village, he will find
that it is lacking when he tries spending it Erev Shabbos, when people buy
needs of Shabbos.
(e) (Mishnah): If the one who gave the coin recognizes it, he should accept
it even after 12 months...
(f) Question: Where does this apply?
1. If in big cities - he only has the time to show a moneychanger!
(g) Answer (Rav Chisda): The Mishnah speaks of one who wants to go beyond
the letter of the law.
2. If in a village - he only has until Erev Shabbos!
(h) Question: But the Mishnah continues, 'he only has complaints' - rather
than have complaints, he should not accept it!
(i) Answer: Rather, it means that if the one who gave it does not accept it
back, the receiver only has complaints (he caused his own loss by delaying).
(j) (Mishnah): He may use it to redeem Ma'aser Sheni, since only a bad
person refuses it.
(k) Inference (Rav Papa): One who does not accept deficient coins is a bad
1. This is only if the coins are accepted (by most people).
(l) This supports Chizkiyah.
1. (Chizkiyah): If one exchanges a deficient coin (above the amount of
Ona'ah) for Perutos, he exchanges according to its value (weight); he
redeems onto it as if it was a good coin.
2. Question: What does this mean? (The first law is obvious, from the
3. Answer #1: Even though if one exchanges a deficient coin for Perutos, he
exchanges according to its value, he redeems onto it as if it was a good
i. Objection: Here, Chizkiyah is lenient regarding Ma'aser Sheni;
4. Answer #2: Rather, when Chizkiyah says ' he redeems onto it as a good
coin', this means no more than it is definitely worth;
ii. Contradiction (Chizkiyah): Ma'aser Sheni worth less than a Perutah - he
redeems it and the added fifth on prior coins (coins already used to redeem
Ma'aser), for surely he was not exact (and the prior coins are worth more
than the Ma'aser he redeemed on them, and can also redeem this Ma'aser).
i. We only allow one leniency (we do not consider it an Asimon that is
invalid for redemption).