REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 16
BAVA METZIA 11-17 - This study material has been produced with the help of
the Israeli ministry of religious affairs.
(a) What will be the Din if the Gazlan ...
(b) If he received the very same field as a Matanah, Rav Acha and Ravina
argue over whether it has the Din of an inherited field, or of a purchased
- ... before buying the stolen field (which he had already sold to Shimon - see Hagahos ha'G'ra), sold it to Levi, bequeathed it to him in an inheritance or gave it to him as a gift? Will Shimon then be permitted to keep the field after the Gazlan buys it from the owner?
- ... inherited the field that he stole and sold to Shimon? Will Shimon then be permitted to keep the field?
- ... claimed the field in lieu of a debt (that the Nigzal owed him)?
Seeing as he did nothing to procure it, on what grounds might it
nevertheless have the Din of a purchased field ?
(a) What does Rav Huna mean when he says that it is only until 'Ha'amadah
ba'Din' that the Gazlan wishes to remain on good terms with Shimon? Which
'Din is he referring to?
(b) Chiya bar Rav says until he receives the Adrachta.
What is an
(c) Rav Papa has a third opinion.
What does he say?
(a) Rami bar Chama asked how, according to Rav, the Loke'ach would acquire
What is the problem?
(b) What did Rava reply?
(c) Rav Sheishes asked on Rav from a Beraisa.
What does the Tana say a
case where someone sells ...
- ... what he stands to inherit from his father or the animals that his traps will catch?
- ... what he stands to inherit from his father *today(, or the animals that his traps will catch *today*?
(a) Rami bar Chama remarked that the Kashya befitted the man who asked it.
What did Rava respond? On what grounds did he refute Rav Sheishes' Kashya?
Answers to questions
(b) When Rebbi Aba bar Zavda heard of Rav Sheishes' Kashya, he exclaimed 'Zu
Einah Tzerichah le'Panim!'
What did he mean by that?
(c) Rava's reaction was to reiterate what he had said to Rami bar Chama.
What did Abaye have to say when Rav Yosef followed in the footsteps of Rebbi
Aba bar Zavda?
(d) And how did Rebbi Yochanan explain the difference between the Reisha and
the Seifa (regarding the man who sells what he stands to inherit from his
father or the animals that his traps will catch)? Why should the fact that
he adds 'today' make any difference in the case of ...
- ... 'Mah she'Irash me'Aba ... '?
- ... 'Mah she'Ta'aleh Metzudasi ... '?
(a) What does Rav Huna Amar Rav say about Reuven who sells Shimon the field
that he is about to purchase as from now?
(b) How does Rava qualify Rav's statement?
(c) Does he then accept this qualification as Halachah?
(a) The reason that Rava does not accept his own qualification is because
Rav Huna, he points out, holds like Rebbi Meir.
What does Rebbi Meir say
about someone who betroths a woman as from now 'after he or she converts,
after he or she is set free, after her husband divorces her, or her Yavam
performs Chalitzah with her or after her sister dies'?
(b) How does this prove that Rav statement must have incorporated 'Sadeh
(a) We have already cited Shmuel, who permits the return of a Sh'tar
Hakna'ah that someone finds in the street.
Why is he not afraid that...
(b) Rav Nachman recalled such a case with his father, who worked with
Shmuel's Beis-Din in Neherda'a, and where they announced that Sh'tarei
Hakna'ah had been found.
- ... in fact, the loan never took place?
- ... the borrower already repaid the loan?
In what capacity did Rav Nachman's father work
with Shmuel's Beis-Din?
(c) How old was Rav Nachman at the time?
(a) Which ruling does Rav Amram attempt to prove from the Mishnah later 'Kol
Ma'aseh Beis-Din, Harei Zeh Yachzir'?
(b) Rebbi Zeira tries to refute Rav Amram's proof by establishing the
Mishnah by Sh'tarei Chaltasa and Adrachta.
What is the difference between
a Sh'tar Chaltasa and a Sh'tar Adrachta?
(c) Rebbi Zeira presumes that these two Sh'taros are not subject to
'Para'ti'. Rava refutes this contention by quoting the Neherda'i.
do the Neherda'i say about 'Shuma'? What is 'Shuma'?
(d) What does Ameimar, who was himself from Neherda'a, say about this?
(a) Rava refutes Rav Amram's argument in a slightly different way than Rebbi
What do we learn from the Pasuk in Va'eschanan 've'Asisa ha'Yashar
ve'ha'Tov' (regarding 'Shuma'?
(b) How does this negate the debtor's chances of claiming 'Para'ti'?
(c) Why on the other hand, might the debtor be believed to claim 'Para'ti'
in the case of a regular Sh'tar Hakna'ah?
(d) Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Yochanan rules that the finder is not permitted
to return a Sh'tar-Chov that he found in the street.
What is the reason
for this assuming that ...
- ... it was not stamped by Beis-Din?
- ... it was?
(a) What did Rebbi Avahu reply when Rebbi Yirmiyah queried his previous
ruling from the Mishnah that we cited earlier 'Kol Ma'aseh Beis-Din
Yachzir'? How did he establish the Mishnah? What does 'Huchzak Kafran'
Answers to questions
(b) On what grounds does Rava object to Rebbi Avahu's interpretation of the
(c) So how does *he* establish the Mishnah?