REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 26
BAVA METZIA 26 (3 Teves) - dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Rebbetzin Sarah Gustman
(wife of Hagaon Rav Yisroel Zev Gustman and daughter of Hagaon Rav Meir
Bassin of Vilna) on the day of her Yahrzeit, by two Talmidim Muvhakim of Rav
Gustman, Hagaon Rav Hillel Ruvel and Hagaon Rav Yisrael Azriel Zalisky - and
in honor of the marriage of Rav Zalisky's son, Yitzchak Zvi, to his wife
Rachel Dinah (Lasher) on 2 Teves 5762. May they be Boneh a Bayis Ne'eman
(a) What does Rav Ashi say about someone who finds a knife with a handle or
a purse with straps in a wall?
(b) How does he then establish our Mishnah, which presents the criterion as
whether the article was found on the inner half or the outer half of the
(c) What does the Beraisa say in a case where the article filled the entire
(d) But is this not obvious?
(a) Why does the Mishnah in Shekalim rule that money found in Yerushalayim
in front of the animal merchants, was always Ma'aser-Sheini?
(b) If money was found in the streets of Yerushalayim, it depended upon
whether it was found on Yom-Tov (when it was Ma'aser) or during the rest of
the year (when it was Chulin).
Why should this Din be different than money
that was found on Har Habayis, which was always Chulin?
(c) Why was money that was found in Yerushalayim during the year was Chulin?
(d) Har ha'Bayis did not need to be swept, because it was on a hill, and was
kept clean by the winds. Why else did Har Habayis not need to be swept every
(e) What do we learn from the latter case (of money found in the streets of
Yerushalayim) regarding the criterion for returning a lost article?
(a) What makes our Mishnah comparable to the Mishnah in Shekalim? Why ought
we to go after the last one here as well?
(b) To reconcile the two Mishnahs, Resh Lakish in the name of bar Kapara
establishes our Mishnah when the owner previously rented it out to three
How does this answer the Kashya? Why do we initially consider this
a reason not to return the article to the last owner?
(c) How does Rav Menashya bar Ya'akov re-establish the Mishnah, to refute
the proof that the Halachah is like Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar even when there
are a majority of Jews?
(d) Why does Rav Menashya establish it by '*three* Nochrim'? Does it really
make any difference how many Nochrim rented the house before him?
(a) Rav Nachman Amar Rabah bar Avuhah agrees with Resh Lakish, on the
grounds that, even if we establish our Mishnah by three Jews, it will have
nothing to do with Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar.
Answers to questions
(b) What is the difference between the two cases? When do the Rabbanan argue
with Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar (assuming that they do)?
(a) When Rav Nachman quoting Rabah bar Avuhah, establishes our Mishnah when
the owner rented his house to three Jews, he is merely following his own
reasoning elsewhere. Why does he say that someone who sees a Sela fall from
one of ...
(b) Rava argues with Rav Nachman. Why does Rava change the sum that one is
permitted to keep, if it fell from three people, from a Sela to less than
three P'rutos? What would be the Din if he found a Sela belonging to them?
- ... two people, is obligated to return it?
- ... three people, is permitted to keep it?
(c) Why then, would Rava concede that he may keep less than three P'rutos,
even if he knew that they were partners?
(d) Some say that even if there were only two P'rutos, Rava would obligate
the finder to return them.
Why is that?
(a) Which three sins does Rava ascribe to a person who picks up a coin that
he finds before Yi'ush with the intention of keeping it?
(b) Does he rectify the sin by returning it after Yi'ush (see Tosfos DH
(c) And what does he transgress if he ...
(d) Why, in the first of the two previous cases, does he not transgress the
Isur of Gezel?
- ... picks it up before Yi'ush with the intention of returning it, and after Yi'ush he decided to 'steal' it?
- ... waits until after Yi'ush before picking it up with the intention of keeping it?
(a) What does Rava say about Reuven who finds the Sela that Shimon lost in
(b) What if he sees Shimon fetch a sieve and start sifting the sand?
(c) Then why did he sift the sand?
(a) Why does the Tana of our Mishnah say that someone who finds a coin ...
(b) What was the job of a banker in the times of the Mishnah?
- ... in a store may keep it?
- ... between the drawer and the store-keeper must return it to the storekeeper? What is the purpose of the drawer?
(c) Where would he and his customers place their respective coins?
(d) Why may someone who finds coins 'Lifnei ha'Shulchani' keep them? What
exactly, does the Tana mean by 'Lifnei ha'Shulchani'?
(a) What distinction does the Tana of our Mishnah make between someone who
finds loose money among the fruit that he purchased from his friend or that
his friend sent him, and someone who finds wrapped money?
Answers to questions
(b) What does Rebbi Elazar say about money that is found on the banker's
(c) How do we counter the Kashya on Rebbi Elazar from our Mishnah 'Lifnei
ha'Shulchan, Harei Eilu she'Lo' (implying 'Ha al-Gabei ha'Shulchan, Harei
Eilu shel Shulchani')?
(d) How does Rebbi Elazar extrapolate from the Seifa 'Bein ha'Kisei
le'Shulchani, shel Shulchani', that money that one may keep money that one
finds on the banker's table? What ought the Tana to have said?