REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 47
BAVA METZIA 47 - Dedicated by Sid and Sylvia Mosenkis of Queens, New York,
in memory of Sylvia's father, Shlomo ben Mordechai Aryeh, who passed away 3
(a) Rabah Amar Rav Huna states that if Reuven asks Shimon to sell him
something for the handful of coins that he gives him, the sale is final.
Why is that?
(b) Then why does the Din of Ona'ah (overcharging) apply, should the money
be one sixth less than the price of the object?
(c) In which point does Rav Aba Amar Rav Huna disagree with Rabah?
(a) We have just ruled that Damim, in a case where they are *not particular*
that the money should tally with the cost of the article, is Koneh (like
What She'eilah do we ask about Chalipin where they *are*?
(b) Rav Ada bar Ahavah cites a Beraisa.
What does the Tana rule in a case
where Reuven agrees to swap his donkey for Shimon's cow, which he then
acquires with Meshichah, after assessing their respective values?
(c) On what grounds does Rava refute Rav Ada bar Ahavah's proof?
(d) How does he then interpret the Beraisa?
(a) We just discussed Rav Huna, who holds (regarding a handful of money)
'Mechor Li be'Eilu, Kanah'.
How do we reconcile Rav Huna with those who
hold 'Ein Matbe'a Na'aseh Chalipin'?
(b) And we just expressed doubts as to what Rav Nachman holds regarding
'Matbe'a Na'aseh Chalipin.
What does Rav Huna B'rei de'Rav Nachman (or
Nechemyah) say about that?
(c) According to Rav, the Chalipin takes effect with the vessel of the
acquirer (Reuven gives Shimon his object in order to acquire Shimon's).
What is the reason for this?
(d) What does Levi say?
(a) What problem does Rav Huna from Diskarta have with Levi, in a case where
Reuven wants to give Shimon Karka?
Does the vessel with which the Chalipin is being performed have to be worth
a Shaveh P'rutah?
(b) Rava was not impressed with the Kashya.
(c) What does Rava say Levi would have done had they suspected him of the
ignorance implied by Rav Huna from Diskarta's Kashya?
(d) Is the Machlokes between Rav and Levi an original one?
(a) We learn Kinyan Chalipin from the Pasuk in Megilas Rus "ve'Zos Lefanim
be'Yisrael al ha'Ge'ulah ve'al ha'Temurah ... ". What is the difference
between "Ge'ulah" and "Temurah"?
(b) Kinyan Chalipin is derived from the subsequent words "La'kayem Kol Davar
Shalaf Ish Na'alo". According to the Tana Kama, it was Bo'az who handed his
shoe to P'loni Almoni.
Was Bo'az the buyer or the seller?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(a) We have already discussed the Machlokes between Rav Sheishes and Ra
Answers to questions
What does ...
(b) What does ...
- ... Rav Nachman learn from "Na'alo"?
- ... Rav Sheishes learn from "Le'kayem Kol Davar"?
- ... Rav Nachman learn from "Lekayem Kol Davar"?
- ... Rav Sheishes learn from "Na'alo"?
(a) Rav Sheishes bar Idi dissects the Lashon written in documents of Kinyan.
What does he extrapolate from the Lashon ...
(b) According to Rav Papa, 'Bei' comes to preclude the use of a coin for
- ... 'be'Mana'?
- ... 'de'Kasher'?
- ... 'le'Miknaya'?
What does Rav Z'vid (or Rav Ashi) say?
(c) According to the alternative Lashon, Rav Z'vid (or Rav Ashi) agree with
From where does he learn to preclude ...
- ... Isurei Hana'ah?
- ... vessels made of animal dung?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah '*Asimon* Koneh es ha'Matbe'a'. We initially
interpret Asimon as a coin that one gives to the bath-attendant as a sign.
What does this mean? What is the significance of the sign?
(b) What does the Beraisa say about transfering the Kedushah of Ma'aser
Sheini on to an Asimon or on to a coin that one gives to a bath-attendant as
(c) How do we attempt to refute the proof from here that an Asimon and coins
that one gives to a bath-attendant as a sign are not one and the same?
(d) We repudiate this suggestion however, from another Beraisa, where Rebbi
Dosa permits the use of an Asimon for the redemption of Ma'aser Sheini.
What do the Rabbanan say?
(a) What does the fact that even Rebbi Dosa in the Beraisa forbids the use
of coins that one gives to a bath-attendant as a sign to be used for that
(b) Rebbi Yochanan therefore translates 'Asimon' as 'Pulsa'.
(c) Rebbi Yochanan follows his own reasoning, since he equates Rebbi Dosa
with Rebbi Yishmael in another Beraisa. Rebbi Yishmael, commenting on the
Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Tzarta ha'Kesef be'Yadcha", explains 'Lerabos Kol Davar
What does Rebbi Akiva learn from "ve'Tzarta"?
(d) How does this corroborate Rebbi Yochanan's previous statement (that
'Asimon' is 'Pulsa')?
(a) We learned earlier that, according to Rebbi Yochanan, money acquires min
Why did Chazal replace Kinyan Kesef with Meshichah?
(b) This explanation is not adequate however, since whoever lit the fire
will be obligated to pay, in which case it would not be necessary to protect
the purchaser's interests?
(c) Resh Lakish disagrees with Rebbi Yochanan.
What does Resh Lakish learn
from the Pasuk in Behar "ve'Chi Simkeru Mimkar la'Amisecha O Kanoh *mi'Yad
(d) Bearing in mind that the Pasuk is speaking about the Din of Ona'ah, what
does Rebbi Yochanan learn from "mi'Yad"?
(a) Resh Lakish counters that we learn this already from "ve'Chi Simkeru ...
al Tonu", and that "O Kanoh (mi'Yad)" comes to teach us Meshichah.
does Rebbi Yochanan learn from "O Kanoh ... Al Tonu"?
(b) From where does Resh Lakish learn that even the buyer is subject to the
La'av of Ona'ah?
(c) We learned in our Mishnah that according to Rebbi Shimon, the seller who
has already received the money may retract, but not the purchaser.
does Rebbi Shimon ...
(d) How will Resh Lakish reconcile his opinion (that money is not Koneh min
ha'Torah) with Rebbi Shimon?
- ... permit the seller to retract?
- ... not permit the purchaser to retract? What does this prove?
(a) What problem do we have with Rebbi Yochanan? What makes Resh Lakish's
opinion now appear more smooth than his?
Answers to questions
(b) Rebbi Yochanan establishes the Rabbanan like Rav Chisda.
What does Rav
Chisda say about the institution of Meshichah?
(c) What do we ask on Resh Lakish from our Mishnah, which places a 'Mi
she'Para' on someone who retracts after having paid, but before having made
(d) What does Resh Lakish answer? What is the basis of the 'Mi she'Para'?